In APL Bioengineering, University of Maryland scientists highlight a growing body of research suggesting sex differences play roles in how patients respond to brain diseases, as well as multiple sclerosis, motor neuron disease, and other brain ailments. They are urging their colleagues to remember those differences when researching treatments and cures.Read more
The March issue of The American Journal of Gastroenterology features new clinical research involving sex and gender, including effects of GI and liver conditions on pregnancy, gender disparities in diet and nutrition, Barrett’s esophagus incidence in women with scleroderma, factors influencing whether women pursue advanced endoscopy careers, endoscopy-related musculoskeletal injuries, sex hormone association with increased prevalence of certain types of cancer, and more.Read more
A new study in mice suggests that declining estrogen levels lower the taste buds’ sensitivity to fats, which may drive a heightened appetite for fatty foods—and weight gain—after menopause.Read more
Article title: Sex differences in fat taste responsiveness are modulated by estradiol Authors: Naima S. Dahir, Ashley N. Calder, BlakeRead more
New research suggests that levels of the sex hormones estrogen and testosterone could contribute to infection risk and severity of COVID-19.Read more
Article title: Circadian variation in renal blood flow and kidney function in healthy volunteers monitored with noninvasive magnetic resonance imaging Authors:Read more
Article title: Sex steroids skew ACE2 expression in human airway: a contributing factor to sex differences in COVID-19? Authors: RamaRead more
Article title: Elastin haploinsufficiency in mice has divergent effects on arterial remodeling with aging depending on sex Authors: Jie Z.Read more
Article title: Sex differences in integrated neuro-cardiovascular control of blood pressure following acute intermittent hypercapnic-hypoxia Authors:Dain W. Jacob, Elizabeth P.Read more
Article title: Distal convoluted tubule sexual dimorphism revealed by advanced 3D imaging Authors: Ebrahim Tahaei, Richard Coleman, Turgay Saritas, DavidRead more
Article title: Sex-specific alterations in blood-borne factors in physically inactive individuals are detrimental to endothelial cell functions Authors: Ryan M. Sapp,Read more
New findings about body fat help explain the differing health risks men and women face – and set the stage for better, more targeted treatments.Read more
Sex differences play a large role in the relationship between exercise, appetite and weight loss, according to new research in rats. The study is published in the American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.Read more
Article title: Compensatory eating behaviors in male and female rats in response to exercise training Authors: Rebecca M. Foright, GingerRead more
Senior Author: Ash Tewari, MBBS, MCh, Chair of the Department of Urology at the Mount Sinai Health System, Professor, Urology, OncologicalRead more
Article title: Estrogen regulates the expression of SARS-CoV-2 receptor ACE2 in differentiated airway epithelial cells Authors: Kimberly E. Stelzig, Fabrizio Canepa-Escaro,Read more
New research in rats suggests sex hormones and age play a role in dehydration differences in men and women. The study is published in the American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology.Read more
• Rates for all types of kidney replacement therapy in European countries were consistently higher in men than women from 1965 to 2015.
• Male-to-female ratios increased with age, showing consistency over decades and for individual countries, despite changes in the causes of kidney disease.
• The male-to-female ratio was higher for kidney transplantation in diabetic patients.
Study finds when verbal memory test cut-offs were tailored to patient sex, more female patients and fewer male patients were considered to have amnesic mild cognitive impairment. This could change the way aMCI diagnoses are determined and make it easier to catch the condition in its early stages.Read more
A common receptor may serve differentiated roles related to aging-associated cardiovascular disease in males and females. Jennifer DuPont, PhD, will present the findings of this first-of-its-kind study today at the American Physiological Society Aldosterone and ENaC Conference in Estes Park, Colo.Read more