A group of scientists from the University of Seville, in collaboration with experts from the University of the Basque Country, has led the first detailed study of the evolution of the discontinuity of Venus’s clouds, a gigantic atmosphere wave with the appearance of a “tsunami” that is propagated in the planet’s deepest clouds and which, it is believed, may be playing a very significant role in the acceleration of Venus’s fast-moving atmosphere.
Tag: Atmospheric Science
Vegetation has a substantial impact on the movement of energy in the Arctic
In the Arctic, plant community type strongly impacts how energy is exchanged between the land and atmosphere.
Researchers propose new structures to harvest untapped source of freshwater
An almost limitless supply of fresh water exists in the form of water vapor above Earth’s oceans, yet remains untapped, researchers said.
Large parts of Europe are warming twice as fast as the planet on average
The warming during the summer months in Europe has been much faster than the global average, shows a new study by researchers at Stockholm University published in the Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres.
Scientists evaluate Earth-cooling strategies with geoengineering simulations
A group of international scientists led by Cornell University is – more rigorously and systematically than ever before – evaluating if and how the stratosphere could be made just a little bit “brighter,” reflecting more incoming sunlight so that an ever-warming Earth maintains its cool.
Taming Tomorrow’s Wildfires
From uncovering where best to apply controlled burns to protecting energy infrastructure from outer space, scientists at PNNL are using their research to get an edge on tomorrow’s wildfires.
DOE Announces $19 Million to Small Businesses for Climate, Energy, and Scientific R&D
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced a plan to provide $19 million for small businesses pursuing climate and energy research and development (R&D) projects as well the development of advanced scientific instrumentation through a funding opportunity announcement. The projects range from atmospheric science and critical materials to advanced computing and accelerator technologies.
After the Debris Flow
The catastrophic debris flow that affected Montecito, Calif., in early January, 2018 was the result of a rare confluence of severe events.
$500,000 grant funds UAH professor’s study of origin of tiny particles that can make clouds
In a study of tiny precursors to clouds that will provide scientists with more comprehensive information to use in global climate models, a researcher at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) is trying to find out how ultrafine particles are created in an urban atmosphere.
NASA-Cornell tool to give high-res view of atmospheric dust from space
Scientists on Earth will soon see our planet’s atmospheric dust sources in high-resolution, as a new state-of-the-art imaging spectrometer – developed by NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) and Cornell University – aims to survey the land surface from 250 miles above us on the orbiting International Space Station.
Study: Diminishing Arctic Sea Ice Has Lasting Impacts on Global Climate
As the impacts of climate change are felt around the world, no area is experiencing more drastic changes than the northern polar region.
Lowering the temperature on a hot topic: a climate change primer
Earth Day presents a good opportunity to help clear up some essential questions about climate change; what it is, what is responsible and how we know it’s real.
Study explores the global distribution, trends and drivers of flash droughts
Flash droughts are described as rapidly developing, unexpected periods of drought. These flash droughts can cause severe impacts to agricultural and ecological systems and cause ripple effects that extend even further.
ORNL to partner with University of Oklahoma
The Department of Energy’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the University of Oklahoma, known as OU, recently executed a memorandum of understanding to officially recognize their partnership in pursuing shared research and development goals.
Reducing CO2¬ using a Panchromatic Osmium Complex Photosensitizer
Using photocatalysts to reduce CO2 has received a lot of attention recently.
UAH second university in Southeast to have specialized atmospheric spectrometer
In the spring, the University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH) Department of Atmospheric and Earth Science will become the home base for a new instrument designed to help scientists study aerosols in the atmosphere.
China’s carbon-monitoring satellite reports global carbon net of six gigatons
About six gigatons — roughly 12 times the mass of all living humans — of carbon appears to be emitted over land every year, according to data from the Chinese Global Carbon Dioxide Monitoring Scientific Experimental Satellite (TanSat). Using data…
New tracking system monitors danger to rainforests
Scientists develop novel new indicator for monitoring danger to the world’s rainforests, which are losing capacity to cycle carbon and water
Mobility restrictions can have unexpected impacts on air quality
An international collaborative study led by University of Helsinki has conducted a holistic study to investigate the effects of COVID-19 restrictions on several air quality pollutants for the Po Valley region in northern Italy. The area is well known to…
Toxic facility relocation depends on community pressure
URBANA, Ill. – No one wants to live near a toxic plant. Toxic-releasing facilities such as paper, pulp, and other manufacturing plants negatively affect human health, environmental quality, and property values. And communities with lower income and educational attainment are…
The challenge of capturing carbon
In the race to combat climate change, capturing carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) emissions has been touted as a simple road to reach net-zero emissions by 2050. While the science behind carbon capture is sound, current technologies are expensive and…
Tree-ring records reveal Asian monsoon variability
Chinese researchers along with international colleagues recently reported a 6,700-year-long, precisely dated and well-calibrated tree-ring stable isotope chronology from the Northeastern Tibetan Plateau. It reveals full-frequency precipitation variability in the Asian Summer Monsoon (ASM) from interannual to multimillennial timescales with…
A machine learning breakthrough: using satellite images to improve human lives
Berkeley-based project could support action worldwide on climate, health and poverty
Enzyme-based plastics recycling is more energy efficient, better for environment
BOTTLE Consortium effort develops model that finds sizeable energy and carbon-saving benefits for recycling PET, a common plastic used in bottles, clothing, carpet
Global satellite data shows clouds will amplify global heating
A new approach to analyse satellite measurements of Earth’s cloud cover reveals that clouds are very likely to enhance global heating. The research, by scientists at Imperial College London and the University of East Anglia, is the strongest evidence yet…
New long-term satellite analysis shows “plum” rainy season wetter now than ever before
Meiyu-Baiu fronts in the most recent decade the wettest on record
Private-public partnership helps to evaluate satellite observations of atmospheric CO2 over oceans
Observations of carbon dioxide (CO2) on board cargo ship and passenger aircraft are upscaled for an expansion of the column-averaged CO2 (XCO2) database uniquely over the ocean. This XCO2 data will be used for improving satellite retrieval algorithms over
Climate change to bring more intense storms across Europe
Climate change is driving a large increase in intense, slow-moving storms, a new study by Newcastle University and the Met Office has found
Extraordinary carbon emissions from El Nino-induced biomass burning estimated using Japanese aircraft and shipboard observations in Equatorial Asia
Equatorial Asia, which includes Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, and surrounding areas, experienced devastating biomass burning in 2015 due to the severe drought condition induced by the extreme El Niño and a positive anomaly of the Indian Ocean dipole. This…
Melting High Mountain Asia glaciers are revealed as a potential source of greenhouse gases
The cryosphere, a term used to describe the areas of the Earth’s surface where water exists in solid form, plays an important role in regulating the Earth’s climate. Due to cryospheric retreat; for example, the melting Greenland ice sheet in…
Climate regulation changed with the proliferation of marine animals and terrestrial plants
Geoscientific study traces carbon-silicon cycle over three billion years on the basis of lithium isotope levels
New study from Monterey Bay Aquarium puts disparities of climate change on the map
New research, led by the Monterey Bay Aquarium, illustrates the disparity between the narrow origins and far-reaching impacts of greenhouse emissions responsible for disrupting the global climate system. Published in Science Advances today, the study was built upon the most…
Poor and minority communities suffer more from extreme heat in US cities
Excess urban heat is common within cities, but not all communities burden the consequences equally, according to new UC San Diego research
HighT-Tech’s innovative approach to catalyst development wins The Spinoff Prize 2021
London | New York | Darmstadt, 12 July 2021 The Spinoff Prize 2021, a Nature Research Award supported by Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany has been awarded to HighT-Tech, a spinoff* of The University of Maryland, College Park in the United…
Mapping extreme snowmelt and its potential dangers
Rapid snowmelt can be dangerous, and understanding its drivers is important for understanding the world under the influence of climate change
Haziness of exoplanet atmospheres depends on properties of aerosol particles
A laboratory study of haze particles produced under different conditions helps explain why some exoplanets may be obscured by hazy atmospheres
Just 25 mega-cities produce 52% of the world’s urban greenhouse gas emissions
New research published by the open access publisher Frontiers inventories greenhouse gas emissions of 167 globally distributed cities. The study shows that just 25 mega-cities produce 52% of the greenhouse gas emissions from the studied cities.
How chemistry makes carbon dioxide removal possible (video)
WASHINGTON, July 12, 2021 — Over the last couple hundred years, the amount of carbon dioxide in our atmosphere has skyrocketed. If we don’t remove at least some of it, there will be even more heat waves, wildfires, hurricanes and…
How more than 30 years of China’s meteorological satellite data is used by the world
China’s first meteorological satellite launched in 1988. It was named Fengyun, which roughly translates to “wind and cloud”. Since then, 17 more Fengyun meteorological satellites were launched, with seven still in operation, to monitor Earth’s wind, clouds and, more recently,…
New research reveals how the impact of ENSO on Asian-Western Pacific climate would change under global warming
The impact of El Nino on East Asian climate under a warmer climate will be dominated by the change in El Nino decaying pace, according to a new paper published by a research team based in the Institute of Atmospheric…
When a single tree makes a difference
Individual trees in urban areas provide cooling during evening, research shows
Early Earth was bombarded by series of city-sized asteroids
Scientists know that the Earth was bombarded by huge impactors in distant time, but a new analysis suggest that the number of these impacts may have been x10 higher than previously thought. This translates into a barrage of collisions, similar…
Dealing with global carbon debt
As atmospheric concentrations of CO2 continue to rise, we are putting future generations at risk of having to deal with a massive carbon debt. IIASA researchers and international colleagues are calling for immediate action to establish responsibility for carbon debt…
PNAS announces “Publish-and-Read” agreement with Jisc
Washington, DC–The Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences ( PNAS ) is pleased to announce a two-year transformational open access (OA) pilot agreement between Jisc and the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). The “Publish-and-Read” agreement will allow corresponding authors…
UB team analyzes the impact of climate change in dry and hot periods in the Pyrenees
A team of the University of Barcelona has analysed for the first time what the dry and hot periods could be like in the area of the Pyrenees depending on different greenhouse emission scenarios. The results, published in the journal…
Researchers propose a scheme that treats carbon emissions like financial debt
Paying off our carbon debt
How air pollution changed during COVID-19 in Park City, Utah
As luck would have it, the air quality sensors that University of Utah researcher Daniel Mendoza and his colleagues installed in Park City, Utah in September 2019, hoping to observe how pollution rose and fell through the ski season and…
Remotely-piloted sailboats monitor ‘cold pools’ in tropical environments
Conditions in the tropical ocean affect weather patterns worldwide. The most well-known examples are El Niño or La Niña events, but scientists believe other key elements of the tropical climate remain undiscovered. In a study recently published in Geophysical Research…
New model accurately predicts how coasts will be impacted by storms and sea-level rise
Coastal communities across the world are increasingly facing up to the huge threats posed by a combination of extreme storms and predicted rises in sea levels as a result of global climate change. However, scientists at the University of Plymouth…
Climate change will increase temperature-attributable mortality
If global warming is not curbed, the increase in heat-related deaths will outstrip the decline in cold-related mortality, especially in the Mediterranean Basin