Over 134,000 cancer cases went undiagnosed in the U.S. during the first 10 months of the COVID-19 pandemic, according to a new University of Kentucky Markey Cancer Center study.
Drugs that target a receptor on immune cells called activin receptor 1C may combat tumor-induced immune suppression and help patients’ immune systems fight back against cancer, according to a study by investigators at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center and its Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy.
Research shows this tool can strongly support clinicians for patient care
Access to reproductive health care — and abortion in particular — is an issue that resonates with voters’ deeply held personal beliefs and reflects their underlying moral, philosophical, and religious views. But is it also an economic issue?
The findings out of Dana-Farber Cancer Institute highlight that the mechanisms of immune modulation are different in patients treated with immunotherapy and anti-angiogenic combinations. The results also point to the role of tumor biology in the diversity and actions of tumor-infiltrating immune cells brought into action by these treatments. The findings might be important for predicting or understanding treatment outcomes in advanced kidney cancer.
ETRI’s researchers have unveiled a technology that combines generative AI and visual intelligence to create images from text inputs in just 2 seconds, propelling the field of ultra-fast generative visual intelligence.
Living in neighborhoods with high levels of violence can affect children’s development by changing the way that a part of the brain detects and responds to potential threats, potentially leading to poorer mental health and other negative outcomes, according to research published by the American Psychological Association.
أوستن، ولاية مينيسوتا — يتفاوت لون البول الطبيعي ولكنه عادةً ما يتراوح بين الشفاف والأصفر الباهت. ولكن اللون الدقيق يعتمد على كمية المياه التي تشربها، حيث تخفف السوائل من الأصباغ الصفراء في البول. فكلما أكثرت من السوائل، زادت شفافية البول. ولكن عندما تشرب كمية أقل، يصبح اللون الأصفر داكنًا أكثر.
Painting a sobering picture, a research team led by Children’s National Hospital culled years of data demonstrating that maternal mental illness is an under-recognized contributor to the death of new mothers.
A cor habitual da urina varia, mas normalmente se apresenta entre translúcida e amarela clara. A cor exata depende da quantidade de água ingerida. Os líquidos diluem os pigmentos amarelos na urina. Então, quanto mais água bebermos, mais clara ela será. Quanto menos bebermos, mais intensa ficará a cor amarela.
The largest EU research initiative ever launched has come to a successful end: The Graphene Flagship was officially concluded at the end of last year. Empa researchers were also involved, such as molecular biologist Peter Wick, who was part of the Health and Environment work package from the very beginning – and has just summarized the findings in this area with international colleagues in a comprehensive review article in the specialist journal ACS Nano.
El color regular de la orina cambia, pero generalmente varía de claro a amarillo pálido. El tono exacto depende de la cantidad de agua que se beba. Los líquidos diluyen los pigmentos amarillos de la orina. Entonces, cuanto más beba, más clara será la orina. Cuanto menos beba, la orina será más amarilla.
Amidst growing concerns over air pollution and the COVID-19 pandemic, the use of masks and skincare products containing preservatives like MeP has risen. This study investigates the combined effects of MeP and hypoxia on skin health, using advanced metabolomics and network toxicology to uncover the underlying mechanisms of dermal toxicity.
PolyBio Research Foundation today announced the second phase of its LongCovid Research Consortium (LCRC), including the distribution of $15M to fund research and clinical trials.
According to a new report from Queen’s University Belfast, voters in Northern Ireland are split into three camps as to whether the restored Assembly will last until the end of its current mandate in 2027.
In a new study, researchers broke down how human-induced greenhouse gas and aerosol emissions influence rainfall in the United States.
Researchers from the National University of Singapore (NUS) have unveiled a novel concept termed “supercritical coupling” that enables several folds increase in photon upconversion efficiency. This discovery not only challenges existing paradigms, but also opens a new direction in the control of light emission.
Patients who present with persistent atrial fibrillation at diagnosis are more likely to have certain risk factors as compared with patients with occasional atrial fibrillation (AFib). The findings, led by investigators in the Smidt Heart Institute at Cedars-Sinai, published in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology.
A new computer model mimics Moon dust so well that it could lead to smoother and safer Lunar robot teleoperations.
Results from this large-scale synthesis of all prior clinical trials could increase usage of several types of high-resolution imaging for guiding interventional coronary procedures
Results of 16-Center REVIVE trial published in The New England Journal of Medicine
People with higher exposure to traffic-related air pollution were more likely to have high amounts of amyloid plaques in their brains associated with Alzheimer’s disease after death, according to a study published in the February 21, 2024, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.
Scripps Research scientists discovered antibodies that protect against a host of lethal snake venoms.
Neanderthals created stone tools held together by a multi-component adhesive, a team of scientists has discovered.
A world-first analysis of a sudden global outbreak of hepatitis in children finds although the primary suspect is highly likely to be an infection by multiple viruses, many questions still puzzle researchers.
SARS-CoV-2 triggers the production of the antiviral protein IFN-γ, which is associated with fatigue, muscle ache and depression. New research shows that in Long COVID patients, IFN-y production persists until symptoms improve, highlighting a potential biomarker and a target for therapies.
Kun Luo is combining his experience in materials experimentation and theoretical simulations to explain the atomic mechanisms that create special properties in high-performance materials.
The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center’s Research Highlights showcases the latest breakthroughs in cancer care, research and prevention. These advances are made possible through seamless collaboration between MD Anderson’s world-leading clinicians and scientists, bringing discoveries from the lab to the clinic and back. Recent developments at MD Anderson offer insights into drug-drug interactions for patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndromes; patient-derived xenograft models as a viable translational research tool in early-phase clinical trials; a novel gene expression signature to stratify patients with bladder cancer; a potential therapeutic target to overcome treatment resistance in multiple myeloma; a role for mutant p53 in protecting against ferroptosis in triple-negative breast cancer; and diet modifications to improve treatment outcomes in FLT3-mutated AML.
An online pharmacy offering standardized, transparent pricing can reduce out-of-pocket costs for patients taking common medications prescribed by urologists, suggests a study in the March issue of Urology Practice®, an Official Journal of the American Urological Association (AUA). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
A Princeton-led team composed of engineers, physicists, and data scientists from the University and the Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have harnessed the power of artificial intelligence to predict — and then avoid — the formation of a specific plasma problem in real time.
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center has been selected as one of nine national research sites for the National Cancer Institute’s newly launched Cancer Screening Research Network, which will evaluate promising and emerging cancer screening technologies.
Mouse study provides insights into communication between neurons during decision-making
Dr. Phillip Ligrani, Eminent Scholar in Propulsion at The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), has won the 2024 American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) Henry R. Worthington Medal for developing innovative micro, millimeter and macro-scale pumping devices. Ligrani’s innovations are beneficial to a variety of applications, such as transporting biological samples without significant alteration or destruction of cells, and supplying coolant to maintain the temperatures of components subject to thermal loading, like lasers.
Patients who are younger than about 40, male, or Black are among those most at risk for revision surgery after having had a total knee replacement, according to researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center. The study, published in the Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, was the first to explore relationships among risk factors for revision after total knee arthroplasty (TKA).
RUDN University doctors collected statistics on cases of extreme drug allergies – anaphylaxis. The authors presented the results in different age groups and named the most dangerous drugs for an allergic reaction.
RUDN University scientists have shown how the tissues of the digestive system change in weightlessness. The experiment was carried out on laboratory rodents that were in space flight for a month
RUDN University pharmacists modeled derivative molecules of the antibacterial levofloxacin to find out what biological functions its individual structural fragments – pharmacophores – are responsible for. This is necessary to increase the effectiveness of the drug, as bacteria become increasingly resistant to antibiotics.
RUDN University ecologists and a professor from the Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) have shown that the combustion of landfill gas in flares continues to pose a danger to the health of the environment and humans. Moreover, it is likely that the situation only gets worse after flaring
KIER has achieved advancements in the stability and efficiency of semi-transparent perovskite solar cells.
Recent research offers a fresh perspective on the revitalization of rural China through an in-depth analysis of the interconnected development of population, land, and industry in 2020. This study shines a light on the spatial dynamics and underlying factors contributing to rural disparities, providing a critical foundation for crafting scientific, effective, sustainable development strategic plan.
Health care providers who treat diabetes need to think beyond the clinical numbers, such as solely focusing on a person’s glucose goals.
Researchers evaluated the prevalence, concentration and tissue distribution of essential and non-essential trace elements, including heavy metal toxicants in tissue (blubber, kidney, liver, skeletal muscle, skin) and fecal samples. Findings reveal how toxicant levels relate to their sex, breed, age and other demographic factors.
Drugs for treating osteoporosis can be expensive and have side effects. In the search for alternative drug candidates, researchers reporting in ACS Central Science have discovered and fully replicated a compound from female ginseng that had potent anti-osteoporotic activity in cellular tests.
Tuna can build up high levels of methylmercury from feeding on contaminated prey. Despite efforts to reduce mercury emissions, researchers report in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology Letters that levels in tuna appear to be unchanged.
Historically “redlined” areas – neighborhoods with primarily Black or immigrant communities – are exposed to more air pollution than other urban neighborhoods. According to research published in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology, the cause could relate to nearby highways or industrial parks.
Exposure to diesel exhaust particles triggers higher levels of inflammation, especially during a respiratory infection.
University of Michigan researchers find that racially biased pulse oximeter readings may further limit opportunities for Black patients with heart failure — who are already less likely to get treatment — to receive potentially lifesaving therapies, such as heart pumps and transplants.
Weedy rice is an agricultural pest with a global economic impact. It is an aggressive weed that outcompetes cultivated rice and causes billions of dollars in yield losses worldwide. A study from Washington University in St. Louis offers new insights into genetic changes that give weedy rice its edge over cultivated rice in tropical regions of the world.
Biologists have discovered a breeding population of a Cantor’s Giant Softshell Turtle, as part of conservation efforts in the south of India.
Membranes of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VaCNT) can be used to clean or desalinate water at high flow rate and low pressure. Recently, researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and partners carried out steroid hormone adsorption experiments to study the interplay of forces in the small pores. They found that VaCNT of specific pore geometry and pore surface structure are suited for use as highly selective membranes. The researchers report in Nature Communications. (DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-44883-2)