Kari Winter, professor of American studies, says “400 years of white supremacy have put the American dream of democracy on life support” BUFFALO, N.Y. — University at Buffalo expert and Minneapolis-area native Kari Winter is available to speak to media…
Month: May 2020
Study Shows Hydroxychloroquine’s Harmful Effects on Heart Rhythm
The malaria drug hydroxychloroquine, which has been promoted as a potential treatment for Covid-19, is known to have potentially serious effects on heart rhythms. Now, a team of researchers has used an optical mapping system to observe exactly how the drug creates serious disturbances in the electrical signals that govern heartbeat.
NUS researchers develop stretchable, self-healing and illuminating material for ‘invincible’ light-emitting devices
Researchers from the National University of Singapore have developed a new stretchable material that can self-heal and light up. The novel material has promising applications that include damage-proof flexible display screens and illuminating electronic skin for autonomous soft robots.
Nanoparticles can make home refrigeration more accessible for low-income households
Power consumption of a home refrigerator can be cut by 29% while improving cooling capacity. Researchers replaced widely-used, but environmentally unfriendly, R134a refrigerant with the more energy-efficient R600a. They dosed R600a with multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) nanoparticles. Drop-in refrigerant replacement…
The fight goes on: Clinical trial shows promising new treatment for rare blood cancer
Lymphoma is a type of blood cancer that develops from lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). It has many subtypes. A rare subtype, called intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (or IVLBCL) is notably hard to diagnose accurately because the cancerous…
Study finds overwhelming support for smoke-free policies among Los Angeles tenants, landlords
Half of apartment dwellers in Los Angeles report having been exposed to unwanted secondhand smoke in their homes in the last year, and 9 in 10 of them say they favor policies banning smoking from their buildings, a new study by researchers at the Fielding School of Public Health’s UCLA Center for Health Policy Research reveals.
UCLA AASC & FSPH launch COVID-19 Multilingual Resource Hub to support safety for diverse communities
UCLA Asian American Studies Center and the UCLA Fielding School of Public Health COVID-19 Multilingual Resource Hub to support safety for diverse communities; partnership develops resources for COVID-19 response
Theoretical breakthrough shows quantum fluids rotate by corkscrew mechanism
Scientists performed simulations of merging rotating superfluids, revealing a peculiar corkscrew-shaped mechanism that drives the fluids into rotation without the need for viscosity.
UTEP Study Examines COVID-19 Stress, Coping Strategies, and Well-Being
Emre Umucu, Ph.D., assistant professor of rehabilitation counseling at The University of Texas at El Paso, and Beatrice Lee, an incoming rehabilitation counseling faculty member, examined the perceived stress levels and coping mechanisms related to COVID-19, and how coping affects well-being in people with self-reported chronic conditions and disabilities.
Study Shows Promise for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Patients Who Require New Treatment Options
A new type of immunotherapy treatment for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is being tested by Missak Haigentz, Jr., MD, medical director of hematology and oncology for Atlantic Health System. Early results appear promising in this phase 1/2 clinical trial of ADXS-503 being developed by Advaxis, Inc., a new type of cancer therapy which targets “hotspot” mutations that commonly occur in specific cancer types, both by itself and in combination with immunotherapy Keytruda® (pembrolizumab), which is commonly used to treat this type of lung cancer. Dr. Haigentz and colleagues published early results of this study in conjunction with ASCO 2020, the world’s premier scientific meeting for clinical research in oncology.
People more likely to accept nudges if they know how they work and how effective they are
The more people know about when and why behavioural interventions are being used and their effectiveness, the more likely they are to accept their use to change their behaviour, according to recent research from Queen Mary University of London and the University of Oxford.
For Twitter, Facebook and other social platforms, change will have to start at the top
While many are applauding Twitter for taking a stand against misleading and incedinary Tweets, a University of Delaware professor doesn’t see real change happening until those running the company look more like those they should be protecting. “As long as…
Building an International Consortium to Enhance Decision Making in Hodgkin Lymphoma
Findings and the development of a new international consortium known as HoLISTIC are being shared as part of a poster presentation at the virtual 2020 American Society for Clinical Oncology Annual Meeting taking place this week.
Lehigh University graduate student wins DOE award to conduct thesis research at PPPL
Article profiles Vincent Graber, his research interests and thesis plans.
Judges who’ve served with women more likely to hire women
Federal appellate judges are more likely to hire women to prestigious court clerkships after serving on panels with female colleagues, new Cornell research shows.
Using Wastewater to Track, Contain SARS-CoV-2
Researchers took a novel approach to tracking the virus that causes COVID-19 that promises to be cost effective and ensure privacy by using a method that surveils for the virus in a local’s untreated wastewater facilities.
IU experts available to comment on racism, social justice, policing, role of media in light of George Floyd protests
Protests are erupting across the country after George Floyd died while in police custody. Video of Floyd, a black man, telling a white police officer he couldn’t breathe while the officer kneeled on Floyd’s neck has sparked outrage and led…
Peer support group for physicians helps ease distress during COVID-19 pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has placed enormous distress on medical staff and physicians. Dr. Mark H. Greenawald, a professor at the Virginia Tech Carilion School of Medicine and a family and community medicine physician for Carilion Clinic, says that having a…
A rising tide of marine disease? How parasites respond to a warming world
A recent study from the University of Washington explores the ways parasitism will respond to climate change, providing researchers new insights into disease transmission. The paper was published May 18 in Trends in Ecology and Evolution.
Law enforcement violence in black communities will continue despite criminal justice system action in Minneapolis case
A West Virginia University expert on neighborhood dynamics and police procedures says that law enforcement actions in black communities will continue to be violent even if the officers involved in the killing of George Floyd in Minneapolis are convicted and…
Study finds surge in hydroxychloroquine/chloroquine prescriptions during COVID-19
A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital examines changes in prescription patterns in the United States during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Bangladeshi eggplant farmers reap rewards via genetics
Farmers in Bangladesh achieved significantly higher yields and revenues by growing insect-resistant, genetically engineered eggplant, a new Cornell study has found.
Decisions to Stray From Clinical Oncology Pathways Are Often Justified, Roswell Park Analysis Shows
Clinical oncology pathways are an important tool, helping cancer care providers and their patients to zero in on the most appropriate care plan. But a treating professional’s decision to depart from the recommendations of these decision-support resources may be well-founded and in the patient’s best interests, a new Roswell Park study shows.
Keeping Cool with an Innovative Bunched Beam Accelerator
Physicists at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) have demonstrated a new technique that uses bunches of electrons to cool the beams of gold ions in RHIC. The new “bunched-beam” electron cooling system keeps RHIC’s ion beams tightly packed together, especially at low energy levels, increasing the chances that the ions will collide.
Improved Proton Beam Delivery Boosts Production of High-Demand and New Medical Isotopes
A recent project increased output at the Isotope Production Facility. The project included a new particle-beam delivery system, diagnostic instruments, an adjustable targeting “iris,” and a focusing system. The project increased isotope production by 30 percent and makes possible future increases of up to 60 percent.
Remarkable Grads from the Class of 2020
This spring, the California State University will award degrees to more than 100,000 students who come from all walks of life. These students embody some of the characteristics that make the CSU’s student body so remarkable: resiliency, integrity and an eagerness to use their education to lift up those who come after them.
Psychological Science and COVID-19: Conspiracy Theories
Expert commentary from Karen Douglas, professor of social psychology at the University of Kent, UK, whose research focuses on beliefs in conspiracy theories. Why are conspiracy theories so popular? Who believes them? Why do people believe them? What are some of…
New model predicts the peaks of the COVID-19 pandemic
This week in the journal Frontiers, researchers describe a single function that accurately describes all existing available data on active COVID-19 cases and deaths—and predicts forthcoming peaks.
New American University Survey Reveals Influence of Race in D.C.-Area Residents’ Lives
A new report from American University shows how race influences Washington, D.C.-area residents’ daily lives and experiences, revealing a stark racial divide in perceptions among Latinos, blacks, whites and Asians about quality-of-life issues within their neighborhoods.
Yes, your dog wants to rescue you
Imagine you’re a dog. Your owner is trapped in a box and is crying out for help. Are you aware of his despair? If so, can you set him free? And what’s more, do you really want to?
Targeted Drugs and Immunotherapies May Lower Risk of Therapy-Related Hematologic Cancers
While breakthrough treatments have emerged for several cancers over the last two decades, driving striking improvements in survival and other clinical outcomes, too little is known about the risk of therapy-related hematologic cancers following targeted and immunotherapeutic approaches. In a study to be presented at the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) 2020 virtual meeting, a Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center team reports that in many cases, these newer treatment approaches may reduce the risk of therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia (tMDS/AML) compared to chemotherapy-based treatment strategies.
Electronic Health Records Fail to Detect Up to 33% of Medication Errors
Despite improvements in their performance over the past decade, electronic health records (EHRs) commonly used in hospitals nationwide fail to detect up to one in three potentially harmful drug interactions and other medication errors, according to scientists at University of Utah Health, Harvard University, and Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston.
Study reveals factors influencing outcomes in advanced kidney cancer treated with immunotherapy
By analyzing tumors from patients treated with immunotherapy for advanced kidney cancer in three clinical trials, Dana-Farber Cancer Institute scientists have identified several features of the tumors that influence their response to immune checkpoint inhibitor drugs.
A roadmap for effective treatment of COVID-19
Due to the devastating worldwide impact of COVID-19, the illness caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, there has been unprecedented efforts by clinicians and researchers from around the world to quickly develop safe and effective treatments and vaccines.
Researchers examine data to identify optimal vasopressor treatment for rare type of stroke
Results of an Electronic Health Record (EHR) study assessing the most commonly used medications for raising blood pressure in patients with nontraumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), a rare type of stroke, have been published in Neurosurgical Focus by scientists at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth).
UW launches online training for contact tracing to help fight COVID-19
To provide training for the expanding workforce of contact tracers, the University of Washington’s Northwest Center for Public Health Practice created the free, online course Every Contact Counts to support public health agencies — including smaller, rural public health districts and tribal health departments — to help their existing and growing workforce in the art and science of conducting a contact-tracing interview.
Targeted therapy tepotinib for non-small cell lung cancer with MET exon 14 skipping mutation shows durable response
Patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and the MET exon 14 (METex14) skipping mutation had a 46.5% objective response rate to the targeted therapy drug tepotinib, as shown in a study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine and presented at the 2020 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) Annual Meeting (Abstract 9556 – Poster 322) by researchers from The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Targeted therapy pralsetinib achieves high response rates in advanced cancers with RET gene fusions
The targeted therapy pralsetinib appears to have high response rates and durable activity in patients with a broad variety of tumors harboring RET gene fusions, according to results from the international Phase I/II ARROW trial, led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Next Frontier in Bacterial Engineering
A new technique overcomes a serious hurdle in the field of bacterial design and engineering
Researchers develop method to identify proteins that enable highly efficient bacterial design
Approach has potential to boost efforts in bacterial design to tackle infectious diseases, bacterial drug resistance, environmental cleanup and more
Freedom of speech expert available to comment on Trump’s executive order on social media
President Trump signed an executive order May 28 that challenges the scope of Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act. The order limits legal protections that had shielded social media companies from liability for what gets posted on their platforms, making it…
Adoptive T-cell therapy ADP-A2M4 targeting MAGE-A4 shows early activity in patients with advanced solid tumors
The adoptive T-cell therapy ADP-A2M4, which is engineered to express a T-cell receptor (TCR) directed against the MAGE-A4 cancer antigen, achieved responses in patients with multiple solid tumor types, including synovial sarcoma, head and neck cancer and lung cancer, according to results from a Phase I clinical trial led by researchers at The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center.
Daya Bay Reactor Experiment Continues to Generate Data
Largely unaffected by the pandemic, the Daya Bay reactor neutrino experiment in Shenzen, China, has continued to pump data to remote supercomputers for analyses.
COVID-19 Healthcare Coalition Launches COVID-19 Decision Support Dashboard
The new COVID-19 Decision Support Dashboard synthesizes large amounts of complex, essential data into easy-to-use key findings for public and private-sector leaders navigating the “reopening” of communities and businesses.
Online, or On-Campus? Returning to School After COVID: Newswise Live Event for June 4, 2PM EDT
Will schools reopen in the fall? If schools remain closed, what will be the impact on students’ education, long-term? How has the pandemic already impacted students, from elementary through higher ed; how are schools at all levels adapting to teaching virtually, and how to safely return to teaching in person – June 4, 2020 from 2-3 PM EDT
Huntsman Cancer Institute Researchers Demonstrate Better Outcomes, Lower Cost in First-Ever Oncology Hospital-at-Home Evaluation
Researchers at Huntsman Cancer Institute (HCI) at the University of Utah (U of U) presented the first outcomes evaluation of an adult oncology hospital-at-home program today at the 2020 American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) annual meeting. The study evaluated patients participating in HCI’s Huntsman at Home. The data demonstrate strong evidence for this care model, showing improved patient outcomes, including reduced hospitalizations and decreased visits to the emergency department.
Kennesaw State University’s Charles Parrott Selected as a 2020 CUR–Arts and Humanities Faculty Mentor Awardee
Charles Parrott, associate professor in the Department of Theater & Performance Studies at Kennesaw State University in Kennesaw, GA, has been selected as a 2020 Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)–Arts and Humanities Faculty Mentor Awardee.
Trinity University’s Rubén R. Dupertuis Selected as a 2020 CUR–Arts and Humanities Faculty Mentor Awardee
Rubén R. Dupertuis, associate professor and department chair of religion at Trinity University in San Antonio, has been selected as a 2020 Council on Undergraduate Research (CUR)–Arts and Humanities Faculty Mentor Awardee.
Study Shows Clinical Evidence of Anti-Tumor Activity in Patients with Metastatic Castration-Resistant Prostate Cancer
Results of a Phase I clinical trial conducted by researchers at the Yale Cancer Center have shown that ARV-110, an androgen receptor PROTAC® protein degrader, demonstrates anti-tumor responses in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer.
Lab shutdowns enable speedier investigation of coral disease
Research labs have shut down around the world due to the COVID-19 pandemic, but that hasn’t stopped scientists from Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (WHOI) from investigating critical problems in the ocean.
Invention by a Finnish start-up speeds up coronavirus testing
An Aalto University spinoff company has come up with a way to use existing lab microscopes in a completely new and much more effective way with their innovation of nanocoated glass. While this is very relevant to covid19 research, it holds great promise for many other viruses and diseases