UCSF-Led Research Team Reveals Mechanisms at Work in Progression of Pancreatic Cysts to Cancer

A UC San Francisco-led team of international researchers has outlined the comprehensive immune landscape and microbiome of pancreatic cysts as they progress from benign cysts to pancreatic cancer. Their findings, publishing August 31 in Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology, could reveal the mechanism of neoplastic progression and provide targets for immunotherapy to inhibit progression or treat invasive disease.

August Research Highlights

A Roundup of the Latest Medical Discoveries and Faculty News at Cedars-Sinai


吞咽时如果食物或饮料意外地进入错误部位,就会产生不适感,许多人都有过这种经历。但吞咽问题有时会成为慢性问题,并可能是某种应该予以治疗的疾病的征兆。妙佑伦敦医疗中心的胃肠科医生James East医学博士解释了为什么会发生吞咽困难以及如何解决这个问题。

خبير من مايو كلينك للرعاية الصحية يتحدث عن مشكلات البلع ومتى تكون أكثر من مجرد حادث

يعاني الكثير من الناس من الانزعاج بسبب انتقال الطعام أو المشروبات دون قصد إلى المكان الخطأ عند البلع، لكن مشاكل البلع تصبح أحيانًا مزمنة وقد تكون علامة لحالة صحية يجب علاجها. يبيّن جيمس إيست، دكتور الطب، طبيب الجهاز الهضمي في مايو كلينك للرعاية الصحية في لندن، سبب صعوبة البلع لدى الأشخاص وكيفية علاج هذه المشكلة.

Especialista da Mayo Clinic Healthcare explica quando os problemas para engolir são mais que um acidente

Muitas pessoas já experimentaram o desconforto de ter alimentos ou bebidas descendo acidentalmente pelo lugar errado ao engolir. Entretanto, problemas para engolir muitas vezes se tornam crônicos e podem ser um sinal de alguma doença que precisa ser tratada.

Tracking Jets in Hot Quark Soup Reveals a Mechanism of ‘Quenching’

Colliding atomic nuclei at very high energies “melts” the boundaries of individual protons and neutrons, setting quarks and gluons to form a quark-gluon plasma (QGP). Quarks or gluons in the colliding ions sometimes scatter off one another and then split, forming parallel sprays of particles called jets. Tracking how jets lose energy, called “quenching,” allows scientists to learn about the QGP and the nuclear strong force. New results find that some quarks lose energy even before they split to form a jet.

Department of Energy Announces $5 Million for Research to Develop New Models for Bio-Preparedness

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $5 million in funding for research to advance the development of tools that effectively use real-world data—disparate data that is often difficult to readily integrate—into new models (e.g., epidemiology or therapeutic development) in support of bio-preparedness and response studies.

Center for Radiation Chemistry Research takes a forgotten science into the future

The science of radiation chemistry flourished from the 1940s through the 1960s as the United States weighed the benefits of several different reactor technologies to power an energy-hungry planet.
Now, as a new generation of nuclear reactor designers develop advanced molten salt reactor concepts as an alternative for providing reliable, sustainable, carbon-free power, the need for radiation chemistry has never been greater.

Intl Relations Expert @Akorobk says Gorbachev seen by West as a Reformer, but Viewed by Many as an Idealist who Destroyed the Soviet Union.

Dr. Andrei Korobkov, an Internal Relations expert at Middle Tennessee State University, whose scholarship focuses on the post-Communist transition, acknowledges that “The death of Mikhail Gorbachev has led to numerous statements by the media, academics, and political figures past and present.”…

SAFER Ukraine provides a blueprint for responding to global health crises

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine created a dire situation for children with cancer and blood disorders. In response, the St. Jude Global initiative of St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital banded together with international partners and formed SAFER Ukraine. An account appears in The Lancet Haematology.

With ‘batwing’ mastopexy, more women can undergo nipple-sparing mastectomy

Nipple-sparing techniques can provide better outcomes for women undergoing breast reconstruction after mastectomy – but due to complication risks, these approaches are often not offered to women with sagging or larger breasts. For this group of patients, a ‘batwing’ incision may provide a safer option to nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM), reports a study in the September issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery® is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

It’s been 30 years since Hurricane Andrew made U.S. landfall. Are hurricanes getting more deadly? UWM expert Clark Evans can weigh in.

Clark Evans can discuss how hurricane activity in the U.S. is changing and how it’s affecting the modeling used to predict their trajectories. His lab at the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee uses numerical models to better understand and improve prediction of…

Microneedling improves appearance of surgical scars – especially if performed early

Performed early after surgery, a procedure called microneedling can improve the final appearance of surgical scars – with best results if done within six to seven weeks, reports a study in the September issue of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery®, the official medical journal of the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS). The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Grant establishes UAH as hub for statewide university high-performance computing

The University of Alabama in Huntsville (UAH), a part of the University of Alabama System, will become the Alabama hub for statewide high-performance computing (HPC) under a nearly $1 million two-year National Science Foundation (NSF) grant.

ASTRO issues clinical guideline on radiation therapy for IDH-mutant glioma

A new clinical guideline from the American Society for Radiation Oncology (ASTRO) provides recommendations on the use of radiation therapy to treat patients with isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)-mutant grade 2 and grade 3 diffuse glioma. Evidence-based recommendations outline the multidisciplinary planning and delivery techniques to manage this subset of central nervous system (CNS) tumors.

Molecular Musical Chairs

The human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine is safe and effective – but it’s not for everyone. Michelle Ozbun, PhD, and her team at UNM Cancer Center published a research article earlier this year in Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy in which they describe how a drug called protamine sulfate blocks HPV infection. Like a game of musical chairs among molecules, the drug molecules bind to heparan sulfate cell receptors, preventing HPV virus particles from doing so.