How to Make it Easier to Turn Plant Waste into Biofuels

Researchers have developed a new process that could make it much cheaper to produce biofuels such as ethanol from plant waste and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. Their approach, featuring an ammonia-salt based solvent that rapidly turns plant fibers into sugars needed to make ethanol, works well at close to room temperature, unlike conventional processes, according to a Rutgers-led study in the journal Green Chemistry.

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LED Lighting in Greenhouses Helps But Standards are Needed

While LED lighting can enhance plant growth in greenhouses, standards are needed to determine the optimal intensity and colors of light, according to Rutgers research that could help improve the energy efficiency of horticultural lighting products.

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IU experts available to comment on United Nations climate report

Indiana University experts on sustainable agricultural and food production are available to comment on a special U.N.-commissioned report on land and climate. A summary of the report, released today by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, warns that the large amount of greenhouse gas emissions resulting from agricultural practices focused on meat and dairy production are a significant contributor to global warming.

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