Depression in old age: Smoking and other risk factors less decisive

People who smoke, suffer from high blood pressure, obesity, or diabetes are not only at greater risk of suffering a stroke, heart attack, or dementia. For them, the risk of being affected by depressive mood or depression also increases. The…

Study shows how rudeness leads to anchoring, including in medical diagnoses

Have you ever been cut off in traffic by another driver, leaving you still seething miles later? Or been interrupted by a colleague in a meeting, and found yourself replaying the event in your head even after you’ve left work…

Cincinnati children’s awarded grant to develop AI system for preventing school violence

CINCINNATI – Scientists at Cincinnati Children’s have been awarded a five-year grant totaling $2.8 million from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to develop an automated risk assessment (ARIA) system, which is designed to detect and prevent…

How different beliefs and attitudes affect college students’ career aspirations

A study published in Career Development Quarterly has looked at whether beliefs and attitudes influence career aspirations of college students with different genders and sexual orientations. Among 1,129 college students at a midwestern urban university, stronger self-efficacy beliefs–or perceptions about…

Mothers’ mental health may affect twins’ and singletons’ touch and movement during pregnancy

New research published in Acta Paediatrica suggests that a pregnant woman’s mental health may impact the touch behavior of twins and singletons during pregnancy, and in the case of twins, how frequently they touch themselves and each other. Such touch…

DNA methylation changes and characteristics in neurons of bipolar disorder patients

A research collaboration based in Kumamoto University , Japan has revealed the DNA methylation status of gene transcriptional regulatory regions in the frontal lobes of patients with bipolar disorder (BD). The regions with altered DNA methylation status were significantly enriched…

As novel sights become familiar, different brain rhythms, neurons take over

To focus on what’s new, we disregard what’s not. A new study by researchers at MIT’s Picower Institute for Learning and Memory substantially advances understanding of how a mammalian brain enables this “visual recognition memory.” Dismissing the things in a…

Mood matters: New app empowers moms to manage mental wellbeing

Having a baby can be one of life’s most exciting and rewarding experiences, but for a new mum it can also be an emotional rollercoaster – sometimes you’re up, and other times you’re down. Recognising the symptoms of maternal anxiety…

Experiment evaluates the effect of human decisions on climate reconstructions

The first double-blind experiment analysing the role of human decision-making in climate reconstructions has found that it can lead to substantially different results. The experiment, designed and run by researchers from the University of Cambridge, had multiple research groups from…

Cultural, belief system data can inform gray wolf recovery efforts in US

Humans regularly exert a powerful influence on the survival and persistence of species, yet social-science information is used only sporadically in conservation decisions. Researchers at Colorado State University and The Ohio State University have created an index depicting the mix…

Autistic people find it harder to identify anger in facial expressions — new study

Autistic people’s ability to accurately identify facial expressions is affected by the speed at which the expression is produced and its intensity, according to new research at the University of Birmingham. In particular, autistic people tend to be less able…

Gender differences exist even among university students’ wage expectations

Though both male and female students have optimistic wage expectations compared to actual wages of similar graduates, when given information about actual wages, women tended to decrease their expectations–while men actually increased their expectations

Transgender teens may turn to substance use to cope with stress

Over half of transgender or gender minority (GM) adolescents engage in substance use, seemingly as a coping strategy in response to GM stressors, according to a new study published this week in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Sabra L.…

Urban crime fell by over a third around the world during COVID-19 shutdowns, study suggests

A team of researchers led by the University of Cambridge and University of Utrecht examined trends in daily crime counts before and after COVID-19 restrictions were implemented in major metropolitan areas such as Barcelona, Chicago, Sao Paulo, Tel Aviv, Brisbane…