A study has demonstrated that a new type of cardiac defibrillator called a subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD) reduced patient complications by more than 90 percent, compared to the TV-ICD. The study involved 544 eligible patients (one-quarter females) with average age of 49, at 14 clinical centres in Canada
Month: April 2022
Roswell Park Nursing Teams Present Findings at 2022 Oncology Nursing Society Annual Meeting
Several nursing teams from Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center were invited to share their research at the 47th Annual Congress of the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS), which is underway in Anaheim, California, and continues through May 1, 2022.
GOLI AMERI ENDOWS PUBLIC DIPLOMACY INNOVATION PRIZE
Goli Ameri endows public diplomacy innovation prize that honors U.S. foreign and civil service officers for creative and scalable initiatives that advance global public diplomacy.
Climate Change Will More Than Double the Risk of Intense Tropical Cyclones by 2050
Human-caused climate change will make strong tropical cyclones twice as frequent by the middle of the century, putting large parts of the world at risk, according to a new study published in Scientific Advances.
Skeptics of welfare schemes don’t increase with more immigrants
Some studies suggest that support for the welfare state decreases as immigration diversifies the population. However, recent research from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) shows that the story is probably not that simple.
Stress, Anxiety and Depression During Pregnancy May Hinder Toddler’s Cognitive Development
Women’s elevated anxiety, depression and stress during pregnancy altered key features of the fetal brain, which subsequently decreased their offspring’s cognitive development at 18 months.
Association of raising US-Mexico wall with migrant deaths, trauma center admissions, injury severity
About The Study: This retrospective trauma registry study of the University of California, San Diego level 1 trauma center, which receives patients with border wall injuries from San Diego and Imperial counties, examined deaths, injuries and hospital costs after construction of…
Pitt research helps explain how Ritalin sharpens attention
Even half a century after a drug comes on the market, scientists can still learn new things about how it works.
Hackensack Meridian Health Project HEAL Receives $500,000 Grant to Target Community Violence
Hackensack Meridian Health is proud to announce that Project HEAL, a hospital-based violence intervention program based at Jersey Shore University Medical Center, received a $500,000 grant to expand services in the successful multi-disciplined program to address community, domestic, and gang-related violence.
April Research Highlights
This tipsheet highlights the latest medical discoveries and faculty news at Cedars-Sinai. Links to full news releases are included with each item.
Research discovers new bacteria that stick to plastic in the deep sea to travel around the ocean
Newcastle University scientists have found new types of plastic loving bacteria that stick to plastic in the deep sea that may enable them to ‘hitchhike’ across the ocean.
The Source of the Aurora Borealis: Electrons Surfing on Alfvén Waves
New experiments have shown the source of the aurora borealis. Researchers have demonstrated Alfvén waves accelerating electrons under conditions that correspond to Earth’s magnetosphere. The new experiments show that electrons “surf” on the electric field of the Alfvén wave in a plasma. These electrons are the ultimate source of the light we call the aurora borealis.
More women electrophysiologists needed to address significant gender disparity in this male-dominated field
Cardiovascular medicine is ranked among the lowest in terms of female representation in the United States, and cardiac electrophysiology is a predominantly male field.
How a soil microbe could rev up artificial photosynthesis
When it comes to fixing carbon, plants have nothing on soil bacteria that can do it 20 times faster. The secret is an enzyme that “juggles” reaction ingredients. Scientists hope to optimize this process for producing fuels, antibiotics and other products from CO2.
New Model for Antibacterial Mechanism
Biologists have discovered an aberrant protein that’s deadly to bacteria. The discovery could help scientists unravel the lethal mechanism of certain antibiotics—and potentially point the way to future antibacterial drugs.
Revealing the Secret Language of Dark Matter
In the Universe, dark matter and standard matter “talk” to each other using a secret language.
Research finally answers what Bronze Age daggers were used for
Analysis of Bronze Age daggers has shown that they were used for processing animal carcasses and not as non-functional symbols of identity and status, as previously thought.
‘Eye-catching’ smartphone app could make it easy to screen for neurological disease at home
UC San Diego researchers developed a smartphone app that could allow people to screen for Alzheimer’s disease, ADHD and other neurological diseases and disorders—by recording closeups of their eye. The app uses a smartphone’s built-in near-infrared camera and selfie camera to track how a person’s pupil changes in size. These pupil measurements could be used to assess a person’s cognitive condition.
Global warming accelerates the water cycle, with relevant climatic consequences
Researchers at the Institut de Ciències del Mar (ICM-CSIC) in Barcelona have found that global warming is accelerating the water cycle, which could have significant consequences on the global climate system, according to an article published recently in the journal Scientific Reports.
Autism, ADHD and school absence are risk factors for self-harm, according to new study
Research led by King’s College London and South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust has analysed factors associated with self-harm in over 111,000 adolescents aged 11-17 years old.
Why Breakthrough COVID? Antibodies Fighting Original Virus May Be Weaker Against Omicron
If you’re wondering why after two vaccination doses and a booster shot, you still got sick from the omicron strain of the virus that causes COVID-19, one possible answer may have been found in a recent study by researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
Inflammation, Rather Than Virus Provoking It, May Be Key to COVID-19 Loss of Smell
Johns Hopkins Medicine-led study finds inflammation-caused nerve damage weakens odor signals to the brain
Expert Alert: Laser therapy brings the heat to minimally invasive epilepsy treatment
ROCHESTER, Minn. — For roughly one-third of people with epilepsy, medication does not control their seizures. Depending on where seizures originate in the brain, laser interstitial thermal therapy (LITT) may be a minimally invasive surgery option. As the name suggests, lasers…
Elon Musk’s Political Spectrum Meme Is Not Quite Accurate
Musk’s meme suggests conservatives haven’t really changed. However, according to research, Republicans have moved further to the right than Democrats have to the left.
New sleep molecule discovered: “It shows just how complex the machinery of sleep is”
When brain scientist Birgitte Kornum from the Department of Neuroscience recently arrived in Rome for one of the largest sleep conferences in the world, she was completely taken aback.
Loyola Medicine Opens Clinic at MacNeal Hospital to Provide Forensic Evaluations for Asylum Seekers
Loyola Medicine recently opened the Loyola Medicine Asylum Clinic at MacNeal Hospital. Founded by Yessenia Castro-Caballero, MD, FAAP, and Amy Blair, MD, FAAFP, the clinic provides evidence-based medical examinations for asylum seekers.
Future wearable health tech could measure gases released from skin
Scientists have taken the first step to creating the next generation of wearable health monitors.
Insulin spray improved gait, cognitive function in patients with and without type 2 diabetes, clinical trial shows
Scientists have assessed the long-term effects of intranasal insulin on cognition and on gait in people with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus.
CDI Scientist Dartois Co-authors Major Update on Global TB fight
“For now, big challenges remain, but change has already come and there is cause for optimism with a healthy dose of realism,” the authors write.
Heart Experts Available to Discuss Approval of New Heart Drug
Today, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announced the approval of mavacamten, a new drug shown to provide relief to obstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients experiencing shortness of breath.
High mortality for hospital referred Malawian children with low glucose or blood oxygen levels
A study in rural Malawi underscores the need for better clinical management of severely ill children with very low blood sugar or blood oxygen levels.
Study: Unprecedented Increase in Number of Border Wall Falls and Trauma
Trauma physicians at UC San Diego Health attribute the rise in injuries to a height increase of the border wall at U.S.-Mexico border.
New studies show special mental health risks for certain groups of new doctors
First-year surgery residents, and first-year medical residents in all fields who are members of sexual minorities such as LGBTQ, are more likely than others to develop depression during the stressful training period.
UW-Milwaukee to honor Willem Dafoe with honorary doctorate at 2022 commencement
Academy Award nominated actor Willem Dafoe will return to his alma mater, the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, on Sunday, May 22, to receive an honorary Doctor of Arts degree and be the featured speaker at the university’s two commencement ceremonies.
Can computers write product reviews with a human touch?
Artificial intelligence systems can be trained to write human-like product reviews that assist consumers, marketers and professional reviewers, according to a study from Dartmouth College, Dartmouth’s Tuck School of Business, and Indiana University.
Light-infused particles go the distance in organic semiconductors
Polaritons offer the best of two very different worlds. These hybrid particles combine light and molecules of organic material, making them ideal vessels for energy transfer in organic semiconductors. They are both compatible with modern electronics but also move speedily, thanks to their photonic origins.
Fermilab engineers develop new control electronics for quantum computers that improve performance, cut costs
Quantum computing experiments now have a new control and readout electronics option that will significantly improve performance while replacing cumbersome and expensive systems. Developed by a team of engineers at Fermilab in collaboration with the University of Chicago, the Quantum Instrumentation Control Kit, or QICK for short, is easily scalable.
باحثو مايو كلينك يقومون بتحميل الخلايا التائية ذات مستقبلات المستضد الخيمرية ذات الفيروس المحلل للورم لعلاج الأورام السرطانية الصلبة
ابتكر باحثون من مركز مايو كلينك للطب الفردي أسلوبًا للعلاج المناعي يجمع بين العلاج بالخلايا التائية ذات مستقبلات المستضد الخيمرية، أو العلاج بخلايا CAR-T، والفيروس قاتل السرطان لاستهداف الأورام السرطانية الصلبة وعلاجها بشكل أكثر فعالية
Pesquisadores da Mayo Clinic carregam células CAR-T com vírus oncolítico para tratar tumores sólidos
Pesquisadores do Centro de Medicina Individualizada da Mayo Clinic criaram uma técnica de imunoterapia que combina terapia de células T com receptor de antígeno quimérico, ou terapia celular CAR-T, com um vírus que mata o câncer para direcionar melhor o alvo e tratar com mais eficiência tumores de câncer sólidos.
Follow the Keto Diet the Right Way for Weight Loss and Better Health
Chula doctors advise people to gain a better understanding of the “high-fat content Keto weight loss diet” to find out the good effects, and the side effects. The emphasis should be on weight loss to combat diseases and long-term health benefits with a balanced and moderate diet.
First International Conference on Heterostructured Materials (HSM I)
HSMs represent an emerging class of materials that are expected to become a major field of scientific exploration for the materials, mechanics, physics and computer simulation communities in the coming years. As an emerging materials field, many fundamental issues need to be probed.
U.S. Senator Bill Cassidy to Speak at Inaugural Xavier University | Ochsner Health Physician Assistant Program Class of 2022 Commencement
Xavier University of Louisiana and Ochsner Health will celebrate their inaugural Physician Assistant (PA) Program Class of 2022 with a closing ceremony and a commencement. The 28-month, full-time graduate program, which leads to a master’s degree in health sciences, began in 2020 and is comprised of three semesters of classroom instruction followed by 16 months of clinical training within Ochsner Health.
Could exercise counteract cardiotoxic chemotherapy for women with breast cancer
When you’re a breast cancer survivor, the last thing you need is another health scare. So, it’s concerning to know that up to 48 per cent of breast cancer patients will go on to fight heart disease as a direct result of chemotherapy.
The Source of the Aurora Borealis: Electrons Surfing on Alfvén Waves
Laboratory measurements give new insights into the physics of auroral electron acceleration by Alfvén waves.
UTEP Receives $5M NIH Grant to Build Imaging and Behavioral Neuroscience Facility
The Imaging and Behavioral Neuroscience facility will be built on the first floor of the Interdisciplinary Research Building as part of a $5 million grant from the National Institutes of Health.
Educate to Indoctrinate: Education Systems Were First Designed to Suppress Dissent
Public primary schools were created by states to reinforce obedience among the masses and maintain social order, rather than serve as a tool for upward social mobility, suggests a study from the University of California San Diego.
Import tariffs: an alternative to a European energy embargo against Russia
Tariffs on Russian energy imports could provide the EU with a lever to reduce Russia’s financial gains from its oil and gas exports and allow it to flexibly react to Moscow’s actions in Ukraine, a team of economists from the European think tank Bruegel, Harvard, and the University of Cologne propose in a letter to Science and in a working paper.
Bay Area storms get wetter in a warming world
The December 2014 North American Storm Complex was a powerful winter storm, referred to by some as California’s “Storm of the Decade.”
56% of young people are concerned about personal data security
Sociologists at the Ural Federal University (UrFU) have identified digital fears among young people.