Domestic violence involving firearms increased in Chicago, Los Angeles and Nashville during pandemic

Domestic violence went down or stayed the same during the first 10 months of the COVID-19 pandemic in five major U.S. cities. However, domestic violence involving firearms increased in three of those cities, according to a new UC Davis study published in the Journal of Family Violence.

Nonsurgical treatment of thumb arthritis shows lasting benefits

Initial nonsurgical treatment, including the use of orthotics and exercise therapy, provides satisfactory long-term outcomes for patients with osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal joint (CMC-1 OA)– with a low rate of conversion to surgery, reports a study in The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio in partnership with Wolters Kluwer.

The Unraveling of a Protist Genome Could Unlock the Mystery of Marine Viruses

Viruses are the most prevalent biological entities in the world’s oceans and play essential roles in its ecological and biogeochemical balance. Yet, they are the least understood elements of marine life. By unraveling the entire genome of a certain marine protist that may act as a host for many viruses, an international research team led by scientists from Stony Brook University sets the stage for future investigations of marine protist genomes, marine microbial dynamics and the evolutionary interplay between host organisms and their viruses – work that may open doors to a better understanding of the “invisible” world of marine viruses and offers a key to the ecology and health of oceans worldwide. The research is published early online in Current Biology.


For clinical trials centered on individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias, what types of information are family caregivers given during the research process? A research team nested in the College of Applied Health Sciences recently evaluated that question by analyzing ADRD trials from the past 30 years.

Traditional Chinese medicine reduces risk after heart attack

A traditional Chinese medicine whose name means “to open the network of the heart” reduced the risk of heart attacks, deaths, and other major cardiovascular complications for at least a year after a first heart attack, a study led by UT Southwestern Medical Center researchers shows. The findings, published in JAMA, reveal the promise of this compound, one of the first traditional Chinese medicines tested in a large-scale, Western-style clinical trial.

UC Irvine-led study links long-term air pollution exposure to postpartum depression in SoCal

Irvine, Calif., Oct. 31, 2023 — Long-term maternal exposure to common air pollutants, both before and after childbirth, has been linked to increased risk of postpartum depression for mothers – with symptoms ranging from anxiety and irritability to suicide – and may lead to cognitive, emotional, psychological and behavioral impairments in their infants, according to research led by the University of California, Irvine.

Could Epigenetic Age Acceleration, Not Actual Age, Better Predict How Well You Remember?

A study led by researchers at Stony Brook University shows that age acceleration, when one’s so-called biological clock runs quicker than one’s actual age, is linked to poorer memory and slower rates of processing information. The team measured biological “clocks” derived from the DNA of 142 adults aged 25-65 years old and had the participants complete daily cognitive tests on smartphones. Their findings, which imply that epigenetic age acceleration could be a better indicator of how well a person remembers information and how quickly they work with information, are detailed in the Journal of Gerontology: Biological Sciences.

DNA organization influences the growth of deadly brain tumors in response to neuronal signals

A pioneering study at Umeå University, Sweden, has unveiled that the 3D organization of DNA can influence the progression of the aggressive brain tumour known as glioblastoma. Having identified the factors that glioblastoma uses to respond to neurons by growing and spreading, this discovery paves the way for further research into new treatments for brain tumours.

Researchers Show SARS-Cov-2 Infection Affects Energy Stores in the Body, Causing Organ Failure

An international research team, including Jonathan C. Schisler, PhD, in the UNC School of Medicine, has found how SARS-CoV-2 causes widespread “energy outages” throughout major organs, and how these effects contribute to debilitating long COVID symptoms.

Jean-Laurent Casanova is Recipient of 2023 Maria I. New International Prize for Biomedical Research

The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai will award its 2023 Maria I. New International Prize for Biomedical Research to Jean-Laurent Casanova, MD, PhD, for revolutionizing our understanding of human infectious diseases through the discovery of genetic and immunological determinants that underpin both rare and common infectious illnesses. The prize honors medical pioneers in the tradition of Maria I. New, MD, a world-renowned researcher in pediatric genetic disorders with a special focus on endocrinology over her six-decade career. Dr. Casanova will receive a prize of $20,000 and will present the Maria I. New Distinguished Lecture during a ceremony to be held in at Icahn Mount Sinai in New York City on November 21, 2023.

Chula Art Education Professor Wins Gold Medal at International Invention Contest in Singapore

Chulalongkorn University congratulates Assoc. Prof. Pornthep Lerttevasiri from the Division of Art Education, Faculty of Education, for receiving the Gold Medal in the Industrial Design category at the WorldInvent TM 22+23 Singapore International Invention Show (WoSG), held in Singapore from September 4 to 6, 2023.

Chula Professors and Students Shine at Indonesia Inventors Day 2023 with ‘Lantern Craft: Folk Art Innovation for Sustainable Decoration’

A big round of applause to Chula professors and students for their achievement at the Indonesia Inventors Day 2023 (IID 2023) held from September 16-19.

Power of the Pictogram: Rensselaer Researcher Finds That Sorted Graphics Make Consumers Feel Optimistic

Sometimes, how the information is presented is as important as the information itself. Graphics, icons, and pictograms are increasingly popular methods of presenting information to consumers in direct, memorable, and easily understandable ways.A team of researchers led by Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute’s Gaurav Jain, Ph.D.

Unveiling Real-Time Economic Insights with Search Big Data

This study introduces a novel, fully data-driven methodology utilizing Search Big Data to approximate economic indicators in real-time, achieving successful nowcasting of Japanese economic indicators even during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research reveals the significant impact of libidinal drives and entertainment pursuits on economic indicators and demonstrates consistent performance, adapting to rapid fluctuations and unexpected circumstances, thus transcending limitations of existing forecasting methodologies.

Cancer Prevention and Research Institute of Texas Awards $7.5 Million to Baylor Scott & White Research Institute

Baylor Scott & White Research Institute will establish the Texas site of the Connect for Cancer Prevention StudyTM (Connect), a project of the National Cancer Institute (NCI), part of the National Institutes of Health. Nine healthcare systems plan to enroll 200,000 adults across the U.S.

Nirmatrelvir-ritonavir not effective for reducing most post-COVID-19 conditions

A trial emulation study of veterans with COVID-19 found that the use of the antiviral nirmatrelvir–ritonavir was not effective for reducing the risk for many post-COVID-19 conditions, including cardiac, pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal, neurologic, mental health, musculoskeletal, or endocrine symptoms. Nirmatrelvir–ritonavir was associated only with a reduced risk for combined thromboembolic events. The study is published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Teamwork interventions may have a positive effect on hospital climate for nurses but do not improve patient outcomes

A pragmatic controlled trial found interventions to redesign care for hospitalized medical patients helped to improve the perceived level of teamwork from nurses’ perspectives but did not seem to affect patient outcomes. According to the authors, health care leaders should consider these findings in the context of their improvement priorities before implementing similar interventions. The study is published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Virtual cognitively enhanced tai chi program improves cognition and executive function in older adults with mild cognitive impairment

A study of more than 300 older adults experiencing mild cognitive impairment or self-reported memory concerns found that cognitively enriched tai ji quan, also known as tai chi, was superior to standard tai ji quan or stretching for improving global cognition and reducing walking interference associated with dual tasking. The authors note that the virtual, home-based exercise program also had high fidelity and adherence, suggesting that it could be a feasible, acceptable exercise-based therapy for older adults concerned about cognitive impairment. The findings are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Daylight saving can create driver fatigue and hazards on the road, says expert

As clocks “fall back” and daylight saving time ends, many Americans will be driving longer at night which could translate to more driver fatigue and hazards on the road, says Virginia Tech Transportation Institute expert Matt Camden.   Camden says that any time change can exacerbate drowsiness and your body may need a few days to adjust accordingly.