Irvine, Calif., Feb. 27, 2023 — A new brain connection discovered by University of California, Irvine researchers can explain how early-life stress and adversity trigger disrupted operation of the brain’s reward circuit, offering a new therapeutic target for treating mental illness. Impaired function of this circuit is thought to underlie several major disorders, such as depression, substance abuse and excessive risk-taking.
Tag: Child Development
Top Psychological Science Research Includes Flavor-Sensitive Fetuses and Less-Lonely Older Adults
From a cranky-faced fetus scowling at her mother’s healthy lunch choice to an octogenarian still benefiting from long-ago musical lessons, the most impactful psychological science research published in 2022 reveals that new understandings of human behavior—studied across the lifespan and from within a remarkable diversity of topics and scientific subdisciplines—continue to resonate with wide audiences.
Study calls for change in guidance about eating fish during pregnancy
A woman’s mercury level during pregnancy is unlikely to have an adverse effect on the development of the child provided that the mother eats fish, according to a new University of Bristol-led study.
UCI doctoral candidate dissects an age-old question: math or language?
Irvine, Calif., June 2, 2022 — When do students begin to think that one has to be either a “math person” or a “language person?” That’s the primary question posed by University of California, Irvine School of Education doctoral candidate Sirui Wan in a recent publication with the same title in the journal Psychological Bulletin.
Finally, A Comprehensive Growth Chart for the Human Brain
Children’s Hospital Los Angeles researcher Matthew Borzage, PhD, was part of an international project showing how the brain grows—and shrinks—over a lifetime. The growth charts will provide scientists with an invaluable benchmark for future brain development studies.
Unusual visual examination of objects may indicate later autism diagnosis in infants
Unusual visual inspection of objects in infants may precede the development of the social symptoms characteristic of autism syndrome disorder, a UC Davis Health study has found.
Jacobs Foundation awards UCI $11 million to improve digital technologies for children
Irvine, Calif., Sept. 7, 2021 – In its latest commitment to advancing learning, the Jacobs Foundation has awarded a five-year, nearly $11 million grant to the University of California, Irvine for the creation of a collaborative network to help tailor digital technologies for children. Connecting the EdTech Research EcoSystem will bring together global leaders in computer science, psychology, neuroscience, education and educational technology in pursuit of this goal.
How to Play with Your Children in Age-appropriate and Creative Ways When Schools Are Still Closed and Everyone Is Still Stuck at Home
The COVID-19 situation may have restricted people’s space, but not their imagination. A Chula lecturer has given recommendations to parents who need to spend more time at home on select social activities to enhance children’s development in a safe and age-appropriate way.
National Poll: 1 in 4 parents worry that their infant or toddler is behind in developmental milestones
Nearly a quarter of parents have suspected their child might be delayed in their development, a new national poll finds – but they may not always share these concerns with a doctor.
Language Trade-off? No, Bilingual Children Reliably Acquire English by Age 5
A first-of-its kind study in U.S.-born children from Spanish-speaking families finds that minority language exposure does not threaten the acquisition of English by children in the U.S. and that there is no trade-off between English and Spanish. Rather, children reliably acquire English by age 5, and their total language knowledge is greater to the degree that they also acquire Spanish. Children’s level of English knowledge was independent of their level of Spanish knowledge.
URI professor plays prominent role in development of PBS Kids’ show Elinor Wonders Why
University of Rhode Island Professor of Education Sara Sweetman helped build the foundation for success of PBS Kids show Elinor Wonders Why™ among others
Sugar not so nice for your child’s brain development
New research led by a University of Georgia faculty member in collaboration with a University of Southern California research group has shown in a rodent model that daily consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages during adolescence impairs performance on a learning and memory task during adulthood. The group further showed that changes in the bacteria in the gut may be the key to the sugar-induced memory impairment.
Innovative Parenting Programs Address Inequality in Young Children’s Development
Parent education programs and interventions that begin shortly after the birth of a child have shown to significantly impact parenting behaviors that support social and academic engagement for children growing up in poverty.
Study shows conflict between divorced parents can lead to mental health problems in children
A study from Arizona State University’s REACH Institute has found that when children are exposed to conflict between their divorced or separated parents, they experience fear of abandonment. This worry about being abandoned in response to interparental conflict was associated with future mental health problems in children, especially for children who had strong relationships with their fathers.
Preschool children can’t see the mountains for the cat
Imagine seeing a photo of a beautiful mountain scene with a cat in the foreground. You may admire the mountains. Kids only see the cat, a new study suggests.
Effects of poverty on childhood development seen in children as young as 5
How kindergarten teachers helped UCLA researchers highlight the impact of socioeconomic barriers on children’s health and development.
Top SEL expert named NoVo Foundation Endowed Chair at UIC
Kimberly Schonert-Reichl, who is currently at the University of British Columbia, will be appointed to the chair at UIC and start in January 2021.
Research Organizations Announce Joint Commitment to Advancing Scholarly Study of Racism
The American Educational Research Association (AERA), the Society of Research on Adolescence (SRA), and the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) have announced that they are jointly committing to advancing scholarly inquiry related to racism and its impact on education- and youth development-related settings, processes, and outcomes, and promoting the use and dissemination of this research and its practical application to serve the public good.
Young children would rather explore than get rewards
Young children will pass up rewards they know they can collect to explore other options, a new study suggests.
Rutgers Study Finds Abnormal Puberty Onset Related to Long-Term Health Outcomes, Including Infertility
Puberty is a critical stage in child development and can be a trying time for both children and parents. For some adolescents, however, a delay or early onset of puberty can have long-term negative effects, including future infertility. A study by principle investigate Sally Radovick, MD, explores these implications.
Challenging yet positive parenting style benefits children’s development
When one talks about parenting, an image of the sensitive, caring mother—but not father—responding to a young child’s emotional needs often comes to mind.
Study: Children May Not Always Grow Out of Being Picky Eaters
By age four, children could be established picky eaters, a new study suggests. And the more parents try to control and restrict children’s diets, the more finicky they may become, according to new research.
UCI faculty create curricula for kids worldwide confined by coronavirus
Irvine, Calif., April 22, 2020 – On this Earth Day, the United Nations is announcing the start of a new environmental education program for the world’s 1.5 billion youth who are confined to their homes to prevent the spread of COVID-19 and unable to physically attend school. Earth School – sponsored by the United Nations Environment Programme and TED-Ed and supported by numerous global organizations such as UNESCO, the National Geographic Society and the World Wildlife Fund – will include teaching modules developed and delivered by faculty from three University of California, Irvine schools.
Psychologist available to discuss talking to kids about COVID-19
The coronavirus pandemic is disrupting the daily routines of people across the globe, and the changes can be especially hard on children. With many schools temporarily closed in an effort to reduce the risk of community spread, kids may have…
Adolescents’ view of family social standing correlates with mental health, life outcomes
Irvine, Calif., Jan. 6, 2020 — Young people’s view of their family’s social status was more strongly associated with their mental health and readiness for future education and work than how much money, education or occupational prestige their parents have, according to new research led by the University of California, Irvine.
Study Finds Children Log Excessive Screen-Time
A study conducted by the University at Albany, the National Institutes of Health and New York University Langone Medical Center uncovered several new findings about the amount of time children spend watching television or using a computer or mobile device.
Moderate to Heavy Drinking During Pregnancy Alters Genes in Newborns, Mothers
Mothers who drink moderate to high levels of alcohol during pregnancy may be changing their babies’ DNA, according to a Rutgers-led study.