ERAS Program Expedites Recovery for Congenital Heart Surgery Patients

Select patients born with heart defects and who undergo congenital heart surgery recover with few complications and reduced opioid use when a comprehensive, evidence-based enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program is used, according to research presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

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‘COVID Effect’ Leads to Fewer Heart Surgeries, More Patient Deaths

The most deadly global health crisis in a century has resulted in a substantial decline in overall heart surgery volume and an unexplained increase in deaths after coronary artery bypass grafting, according to late-breaking research presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

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Toxicologists to Showcase Latest Science Affecting Public, Animal, and Environmental Health during SOT Annual Meeting and ToxExpo

With more than 65 Featured and Scientific Sessions and 1,000+ presentations showcasing advances in fundamental and translational sciences and emerging disciplines and technologies, the Virtual 2021 Annual Meeting and ToxExpo of the Society of Toxicology (SOT) is the largest forum for toxicological research in the world.

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National CRNA Week: The House of Representatives Recognizes the Contributions of Nurse Anesthetists

In honor of National CRNA Week (Jan. 24-30, 2021), Reps. David Joyce (R-OH) and Lucille Roybal-Allard (D-CA) introduced bipartisan House Resolution 65 on the House floor, “Recognizing the roles and the contributions of America’s Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists (CRNAs) and their critical role in providing quality health care for the public, especially during the ongoing COVID–19 pandemic.”

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AACN’s Foundation for Academic Nursing Announces First Future Nurse Leader Scholarship Award Recipients

The Foundation for Academic Nursing, the philanthropic arm of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN), is pleased to announce the first two graduate students to receive the Deborah E. Trautman Future Nurse Leader Scholarship. With funding provided by Liaison International, AACN’s partner in NursingCAS, the inaugural award winners are Taylor Bell, a Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) student from the University of Florida, and Karina Strange, a PhD student from the University of Tennessee-Knoxville.

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Study estimates that, without vaccination against 10 diseases, mortality in children under five would be 45% higher in low-income and middle-income countries

A new modelling study has estimated that from 2000 to 2030 vaccination against 10 major pathogens – including measles, rotavirus, HPV and hepatitis B – will have prevented 69 million deaths in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs).

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Islands without structure inside metal alloys could lead to tougher materials

An international team of researchers produced islands of amorphous, non-crystalline material inside a class of new metal alloys known as high-entropy alloys. This discovery opens the door to applications in everything from landing gears, to pipelines, to automobiles. The new materials could make these lighter, safer, and more energy efficient.

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Nuclear Physics from Rocks to Reactors

Recent research on the neutron-proton (np) reaction could help us understand the age of the Earth and build less expensive nuclear power plants. The np reaction plays a role in potassium-argon dating and in the removal of neutrons from nuclear reactor cores, leading to core shutdown. In recent studies, nuclear scientists used a new neutron source to show that np reaction rates occur in ways very different from scientists’ initial expectations.

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Twelve pharmaceutical leaders and chief scientists present efficacy data and status reports on their vaccines against SARS-CoV-2; Anthony Facui and Moncef Slaoui deliver keynotes

A remarkable number of pharmaceutical company leaders and chief scientists will come together at a two-day symposium to present efficacy data and updates on twelve vaccines and vaccines candidates. This includes the Moderna and Pfizer mRNA vaccines that have been approved in the US for emergency use. Other topics will include: the clinical epidemiology of COVID-19; the virology, immunology, and genetics of SARS-CoV-2; and research on COVID-19 vaccines in in the elderly.

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Weizmann Institute Scientists Map the Stress Axis in Unprecedented Detail

Chronic stress can lead to or advance a number of diseases as the stress axis is continually activated. In a first, Prof. Alon Chen’s lab has revealed the entire stress axis, mapping it to the gene expression pattern of individual cells. The findings may lead to treatments for conditions such as metabolic syndrome, high blood pressure, and depression and anxiety.

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Black Lung Cancer Patients Die Sooner than White Counterparts

Structural racism thwarts a large proportion of black patients from receiving appropriate lung cancer care, resulting in worse outcomes and shorter lifespans than white patients with the disease, according to research presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons.

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Shifts in Impulsivity Linked to Changes in Alcohol Use — and Risky Drinking For Some

According to a new study, personality traits are associated with changes in alcohol use and problematic drinking, but these relationships may vary across the lifespan. The study explores alcohol consumption in the context of adult developmental stages. It suggests that changes in impulsivity and in the perceived rewards of alcohol are strongly related to changes in drinking behavior from ages 18-21, and to a lesser degree until at least age 35. Problematic drinking is known to be associated with impulsivity traits: a lack of planning (impulse control), sensation seeking, and the anticipated benefits from alcohol, such as sociability and making activities more enjoyable. Such traits evolve through adolescence and early adulthood. Understanding how shifting factors may elevate the risk to certain people at certain times potentially helps target interventions aimed at reducing heavy drinking and preventing alcohol use disorder (AUD). The study in Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Rese

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Robotics Transforms Knee Replacement Surgery

Robotic-assisted knee replacement allows for optimal alignment and positioning of the knee implant, as well as optimal ligament balancing. This is critically important for the best outcome and long-term success of the surgery, according to Geoffrey Westrich, MD, at Hospital for Special Surgery. Such precision could potentially lead to a longer-lasting knee replacement.

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Endocrine Society and partners to intervene in U.K. transgender medicine court appeal

The United Kingdom’s High Court has granted permission for a coalition of LGBTQ+, youth, reproductive health and medical organizations, including the Endocrine Society, to intervene in an appeal of its decision that minors under age 16 likely could not give informed consent for pubertal suppression.

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Paper or Plastic? OU Chemical Engineers Work to Make Plastic Bags Recyclable and Compostable

Single-use plastic bags continue to pose a global environmental challenge, as their composition and form makes them difficult to recycle, and hundreds of years are required for them to degrade fully in the environment. While reusabable shopping bags offer an earth-friendly option, what if plastic bags could be recycled or placed in our composts?

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