AZ heroes study awarded $15M to continue, expand evaluation of COVID-19 immunity

A University of Arizona Health Sciences study of COVID-19 vaccine effectiveness and immunity among frontline workers has received a $15 million award from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) to continue the current research for another year…

Association between COVID-19 exposure, self-reported compliance with public health guidelines among essential employees at an institution of higher education

What The Study Did: This study at an institution of higher education in Colorado evaluated the association between self-reported protective behaviors and how common SARS-CoV-2 infection was among essential in-person employees during the first six months of the COVID-19 pandemic…

Most studies of acute kidney injury are flawed due to non-use of standard definitions

In an article published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases (AJKD), researchers found that among 176 studies on acute kidney injury, the Kidney Disease Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) definitions of kidney injury were inconsistently applied and 80% of studies…

Risk score with 6 routinely available lab tests accurately predicts kidney failure

Researchers developed a new risk equation, based on six routinely available patient parameters, that yielded improved performance in estimating the risk of a chronic kidney disease (CKD) patient to progress to end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) requiring kidney replacement therapy (KRT).…

Disparities in outpatient visit rates

What The Study Did: Researchers examined racial/ethnic disparities in outpatient visit rates to 29 physician specialties in the United States. Authors: Christopher Cai, M.D., of the Internal Medicine Residency Program at Brigham and Women’s Hospital/Harvard Medical School in Boston, is…

On the front lines: Correctional nurses and the COVID-19 pandemic

New Rochelle, NY, July 14, 2021-Firsthand reports from nurses in correctional facilities detail the challenges they faced during the COVID-19 pandemic. These firsthand accounts are reported in a special issue on correctional nursing in the Journal of Correctional Health Care…

The GovLab launches free online course on “Open Justice”

BROOKLYN, New York, Thursday, July 15, 2021 – Today, The GovLab in partnership with the Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary of Mexico (TEPJF) , launched a first of its kind, online course on Open Justice through the edX MOOC…

Effect of physician-delivered COVID-19 public health messages on adults’ knowledge, beliefs, practices related to COVID-19

What The Study Did: In this randomized clinical trial, a physician messaging campaign was effective in increasing COVID-19 knowledge, information-seeking and self-reported protective behaviors among diverse groups. Authors: Esther Duflo, Ph.D., of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Cambridge, is…

Survival for babies born with a birth defect – a “post-code lottery”

Survival for a baby born with a birth defect – otherwise known as a congenital anomaly – is a “post-code lottery”, according to scientists from 74 countries. A study published today in The Lancet , led by researchers from King’s…

Reporting of adverse effects in drug trials has only improved slightly in 17 years, new study shows

Researchers, including academics from the University of York, analysed systematic reviews of 1,200 Randomised Controlled Trials (RCTs) to assess whether reporting had improved over time. However, the information the researchers needed to assess what adverse effects were reported (and how…

What is the evidence on how to improve older adults’ functional abilities at home?

A new analysis called an evidence and gap map has mapped what we know about improving the functional ability of older adults living at home or in nursing homes, retirement homes, or other long-term care facilities. A total of 548…