A research team led by Dr Rosario Delgado from the UAB Department of Mathematics, in collaboration with the Hospital de Mataró, developed a new machine learning-based model that predicts the risk of mortality of intensive care unit patients according to…

# Tag: MATHEMATICS/STATISTICS

## Neurotransmitter levels predict math ability

Glutamate and GABA in the brain have reverse relationships with math ability, which switch during development

## Less-sensitive COVID-19 tests may still achieve optimal results if enough people tested

Analysis suggests same epidemiological outcomes possible with rapid-antigen versus RT-PCR tests

## Glass sponges have properties for the design of ships, planes and skyscrapers

Published in the journal Nature the first-ever simulation of the deep-sea Venus flower sponge and how it responds to and influences the flow of nearby water.

## Machine learning models to help photovoltaic systems find their place in the sun

Scientists develop algorithms that predict the output of solar cells, easing their integration into existing power grids

## Mind and matter: Modeling the human brain with machine learning

Researchers from Japan construct a human brain model using a machine learning-based optimization of required user information

## Making freshman calculus add up for more students

$1.26 million enables inclusive curriculum and textbook project

## The mathematics of repulsion for new graphene catalysts

A new mathematical model helps predict the tiny changes in carbon-based materials that could yield interesting properties. Scientists at Tohoku University and colleagues in Japan have developed a mathematical model that abstracts the key effects of changes to the geometries…

## A mathematical model simulating the impact of new SARS-CoV-2 strains and vaccines

The MOMAT research group from Universidad Complutense de Madrid has worked with Universidad de Almería, to develop a mathematical model that simulates the impact of SARS-CoV-2 strains and vaccines together, combined with many other biological and social processes in the…

## Revealing the values in mathematics education through a variety of cultural lenses

Mathematics educators, mathematicians, teachers, and students come together to discuss the values that are espoused and developed through mathematics education today in different cultures

## Learning aids: Skoltech method helps train computer vision algorithms on limited data

Researchers from Skoltech have found a way to help computer vision algorithms process satellite images of the Earth more accurately even with very limited data for training. This will make various remote sensing tasks easier for machines and ultimately the…

## Swarm of autonomous tiny drones can localize gas leaks

When there is a gas leak in a large building or at an industrial site, human firefighters currently need to go in with gas sensing instruments. Finding the gas leak may take considerable time, while they are risking their lives.…

## Medication or exercise? What works best for seniors with mild to moderate depression?

Effectiveness of physical exercise in older adults with mild to moderate depression

## Simulating microswimmers in nematic fluids

A combination of two simulation techniques has allowed researchers to investigate how swimming microparticles propel themselves through ‘nematic liquid crystals’ — revealing some unusual behaviors

## The rat’s whiskers: multidisciplinary research reveals how we sense texture

Mathematicians and neuroscientists achieve breakthrough in understanding how whiskers ‘amplify’ texture

## RUDN University mathematicians calculate the density of 5G stations for any network requirements

RUDN University mathematicians have developed a model for calculating the density of 5G stations needed to achieve the required network parameters. The results are published in Computer Communications . Network slicing (NS) is one of the key technologies that the…

## Danish student solves how the Universe is reflected near black holes

In the vicinity of black holes, space is so warped that even light rays may curve around them several times. This phenomenon may enable us to see multiple versions of the same thing. While this has been known for decades,…

## NIH funds research into new method to predict atrial fibrillation recurrence

Research consortium led by Cleveland Clinic and Case Western Reserve University

## DFG to fund 13 new research units

Topics range from DNA viruses and learning in visual computing to issues relating to migration due to labour, education and displacement / A total of some €47.4 million for the first funding period

## Black hairstyles will inspire innovative building materials in new research

UNIVERSITY PARK, Pa. — Natural Black hair texture and styling practices – such a braiding, locking and crocheting – will help inspire and generate novel building materials and architecture structures using computational design processes in new research funded by the…

## Of the same stripe: Turing patterns link tropical fish and bismuth crystal growth

Scientists prove Turing patterns, usually studied in living organisms and chemical systems, also manifest at the nanoscale in monoatomic bismuth layers

## Regular rapid testing detects COVID-19 soon enough to stop transmission in schools

Professors Caroline Colijn and Paul Tupper used a mathematical model to simulate COVID-19’s spread in the classroom

## Metabolic enzyme promotes neuroblastoma aggressiveness

Potential treatment may prevent cancer cells from hijacking metabolic pathways

## New generation anti-cancer drug shows promise for children with brain tumours

A genetic map of an aggressive childhood brain tumour called medulloblastoma has helped researchers identify a new generation anti-cancer drug that can be repurposed as an effective treatment for the disease. This international collaboration, led by researchers from The University…

## New generation anti-cancer drug shows promise for children with brain tumors

A genetic map of an aggressive childhood brain tumour called medulloblastoma has helped researchers identify a new generation anti-cancer drug that can be repurposed as an effective treatment for the disease. This international collaboration, led by researchers from The University…

## Malaria and dengue predicted to affect billions more people

New modelling study reinforces the importance of reducing emissions and increasing surveillance in potential ‘hotspot’ areas

## Danish invention to make computer servers worldwide more climate friendly

An elegant new algorithm developed by Danish researchers can significantly reduce the resource consumption of the world’s computer servers. Computer servers are as taxing on the climate as global air traffic combined, thereby making the green transition in IT an…

## Physicists observationally confirm Hawking’s black hole theorem for the first time

There are certain rules that even the most extreme objects in the universe must obey. A central law for black holes predicts that the area of their event horizons — the boundary beyond which nothing can ever escape — should never shrink.

## Machine learning for solar energy is supercomputer kryptonite

Scientists have found a way to predict the band gap of photovoltaics materials in milliseconds with a conventional PC, potentially leaving the world’s most powerful and expensive processing machines gathering dust

## Vortex, the key to information processing capability: Virtual physical reservoir computing

[Background] In recent years, physical reservoir computing*1), one of the new information processing technologies, has attracted much attention. This is a physical implementation version of reservoir computing, which is a learning method derived from recurrent neural network (RNN)*2) theory. It…

## RUDN mathematician builds a COVID-19 spread model — it shows how vaccination affects pandemic

RUDN University mathematicians built a model of COVID-19 spreading based on two regression models. The mathematicians divided the countries into three groups, depending on the spreading rate and on the climatic conditions, and found a suitable mathematical approximation for each…

## Study shows Head Start teachers’ depressive symptoms related to children’s math skills

The relationship was through family-teacher relationships linking with approaches to learning

## New models predict fewer lightning-caused ignitions but bigger wildfires by mid century

CORVALLIS, Ore. – Human-caused wildfire ignitions in Central Oregon are expected to remain steady over the next four decades and lightning-caused ignitions are expected to decline, but the average size of a blaze from either cause is expected to rise,…

## Algorithm reveals the mysterious foraging habits of narwhals

An algorithm can predict when narwhals hunt – a task once nearly impossible to gain insight into. Mathematicians and computer scientists at the University of Copenhagen, together with marine biologists in Greenland, have made progress in gathering knowledge about this…

## Predicting the evolution of a pandemic

The inclusion of biological uncertainty and the latest case data can significantly improve the prediction accuracy of standard epidemiological models of virus transmission, new research led by KAUST and the Kuwait College of Science and Technology (KCST) has shown. Modern…

## New model accounts for the effect of behavior changes to predict COVID-19 cases

By adding behavioral components to an infectious disease model, Brown University researchers have developed a new modeling approach that captures the peaks and valleys in new COVID-19 cases seen over the past 16 months.

## Study of harvey flooding aids in quantifying climate change

How much do the effects of climate change contribute to extreme weather events? It’s hard to say–the variables involved are plentiful, each event is unique, and we can only do so much to investigate what didn’t happen. But a new…

## When physics meets financial networks

A review highlights the role of the theory of Complex Networks in predicting crises

## Changing community networks impact disease spread

The COVID-19 pandemic has made clear the importance of understanding precisely how diseases spread throughout networks of transportation. However, rigorously determining the connection between disease risk and changing networks–which either humans or the environment may alter–is challenging due to the…

## Queqiao: The bridge between Earth and the far side of the moon

Researchers explain the design of the relay communication satellite that enabled us to peek at the hidden face of the moon

## Four collaborative research centres at Goethe University receiving funding

German Research Foundation funds new CRC Transregio 326 „Geometry and arithmetic of uniformized structures” – CRC 1039 on medical signal path research enters third funding period – Goethe University involved in two further CRC-Transregios

## Novel materials: Sound waves traveling backwards

Researchers of the 3D matter made to order cluster of excellence use rotons for metamaterials – Nature Communications publishes first results

## A new approach will help save X-ray studies from failing results

A new approach will help save X-ray studies from failing results due to the peculiarities of single-crystal X-ray optics

## UMass Amherst researcher probes effects of ACOs on childhood asthma care

NIH awards $3 million grant for the five-year study

## Social media use one of four factors related to higher COVID-19 spread rates early on

TORONTO, June 9, 2021 – Researchers from York University and the University of British Columbia have found social media use to be one of the factors related to the spread of COVID-19 within dozens of countries during the early stages…

## Researchers used smart watches to monitor changes in quality of life during lockdowns

Data on 20-40 age group reveals: They sleep more, walk less and feel unhappier

## Applying mathematics takes ‘friendship paradox’ beyond averages

The friendship paradox is the observation that the degrees of the neighbors of a node within any network will, on average, be greater than the degree of the node itself. In other words: your friends probably have more friends than…

## Quantifying the role of chance in professional football

A German Sport University Cologne study shows, half of all goals scored are influenced by chance

## UEFA EURO forecast: France will be European Champion

On Friday, 11 June, Europe’s men’s football teams will start the European Championship a year later than planned. The favourite this time is France with a probability of winning of 14.8 per cent. This is what an international team of…

## PSU math ed professor gets NSF grant to develop anti-bias training for teachers

Teachers’ biases, whether intentional or not, can impact students’ learning experiences. That’s why a Portland State professor is helping to create a professional development model aimed at preemptively reducing bias among math teachers in grades K-12. Eva Thanheiser, professor of…