Far from reducing extreme poverty, the expansion of capitalism from the 16th century onward was associated with a dramatic deterioration in human welfare, according to a scientific study carried out by the Institute of Environmental Science and Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) in collaboration with Macquarie University, Australia, which shows that this new economic system saw a decline in wages to below subsistence, a deterioration in human stature, and a marked upturn in premature mortality.
Wood is infinitely useful. Critically important for our changing climate, trees store carbon.
A solution is proposed for evaluating tax efficiency, a formula expressing the marginal cost of public funds as a ratio of a net loss in social surplus to a net increase in tax revenue. This formula is derived from only a few indices, common across specific market demand conditions and cost factors. The indices clearly tell us how the degree of tax-driven social burden relates to imperfect competition.
A study conducted by Assistant Professor KYAN Akira (Kobe University Graduate School of Human Development and Environment) and Professor TAKAKURA Minoru (Faculty of Medicine, University of the Ryukyus) has identified socio-economic disparities in physical activity during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Your education, your job, your income, the neighborhood you live in: Together these factors are considered to represent socioeconomic status (SES) and contribute to a variety of health and social outcomes, from physical and mental health to educational achievement and cognitive capacities.
Some studies suggest that support for the welfare state decreases as immigration diversifies the population. However, recent research from the Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU) shows that the story is probably not that simple.
Scholars and criminologists have examined the relationship between urban decay and violent crime for decades.
Millions of spectators tuned in Friday to watch the opening ceremony of the delayed 2020 Tokyo Olympics.
Researchers created a global dataset of job footprints in 50 countries and used a model to investigate how trying to meet the Paris Agreement global climate target of staying well below 2°C would affect energy sector jobs.
Rivers are lifelines for many countries. They create valuable ecosystems, provide drinking water for people and raw water for agriculture and industry. In the Global South in particular, there is strong competition for access to freshwater resources. The increasing use…
More than 820 million people in the world don’t have enough to eat, while climate change and increasing competition for land and water are further raising concerns about the future balance between food demand and supply. The results of a…
Study uncovers the psychological drivers of our feelings of repugnance
KIT researchers quantify energy system costs for stopping further expansion of wind energy use in beautiful landscapes
What The Study Did: Credit reports were analyzed to estimate the amount of medical debt in collections nationally and by geographic region and income group and its association with Medicaid expansion under the Affordable Care Act. Authors: Neale Mahoney, Ph.D.,…
UH researcher: Communication, coordination, collaboration are key
Mannon Gallegly, professor emeritus of plant pathology at West Virginia University, is donating tomato seeds to the World Vegetable Center, a global nonprofit institute for vegetable research and development.
Tackling income inequality could boost low-income children’s vocabulary, new study suggests
Next time, vaccination may be too little, too late
A new national study published in Public Health Nutrition on July 15 found that Americans experiencing food insufficiency were three times as likely to lack mental health support during the COVID-19 pandemic than those not experiencing food insufficiency.
Authors of a new book call for the focus to be firmly on medical care, food, housing, ‘other necessary social services’ and access to digital technology.
BROOKLYN, New York, Thursday, July 15, 2021 – Today, The GovLab in partnership with the Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary of Mexico (TEPJF) , launched a first of its kind, online course on Open Justice through the edX MOOC…
SMU sociologist says treating pets like family impacts birth rates, budgets and job choice
A new study reveals the strategies that stop bandits from illegally fishing in Australian waters–but warns there is a cost to the region’s poorer countries. Co-author Dr Brock Bergseth, from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at…
TURIN, 14 July 2021 – Frontex, the European Border and Coast Guard Agency, since 2004 engaged in migration control, border management and whose responsibilities, extended in 2016 to the fight against cross-border crime and search and rescue services in the…
Research shows low-cost DNA biomarker technique can trace cocoa from a specific farm to the chocolate bar in your hand
Applying lessons from behavioral health integration to social care integration in primary care
Implementation of health-related social needs screening at Michigan health centers: A qualitative study
Researchers, policy makers, health care systems and payers all play a part in meeting patient social care needs
Primary Care Poised to Provide Clinical Guidance, Answers About COVID-19 Testing, Vaccine Administration Researchers examined the role of primary care physicians and other clinicians in delivering vaccinations in the United States. They used two main datasets to create an in-depth…
What The Study Did: This study found an unequal pattern of COVID-19 outcomes that was associated with the socioeconomic circumstances in regions of Japan, suggesting that these disparities in COVID-19 outcomes aren’t unique to the United States and Europe. Authors:…
The COVID-19 pandemic has amplified calls to end the detention of migrant children, as cases surge among children held in crowded conditions; yet immigration detention’s threats to children’s fundamental rights did not begin with the current public health crisis. Unlike…
Göttingen University researchers investigate effect of non-human conversation partners in customer services
Excess urban heat is common within cities, but not all communities burden the consequences equally, according to new UC San Diego research
Wealthier, whiter urban and small-town residents benefit more from cooling infrastructure and trees
Study suggests spatial relationship between COVID-19 mortality and population-level health factors
Climate and ecosystem change lead to a global redistribution of wealth
Rather than waiting for certainty in sea-level rise projections, policymakers can plan now for future coastal flooding by addressing existing inequities among the most vulnerable communities in flood zones, according to Stanford research. Using a methodology that incorporates socioeconomic data…
Societies act rationally and in solidarity – but also increasingly experience a sense of fatigue, says a study of Helmholtz-Zentrum Hereon
Populist anti-foreign aid rhetoric works – but only fans of populist politicians are convinced by hostile messages about charity abroad, a new study shows. Those who distrust populist politicians are significantly less susceptible to these messages.
You have probably often said to yourself: “This time, I will only buy what I need!” But then you still ended up coming home with things that were not on your shopping list.
News from the Journal of Marketing
You have probably often said to yourself: “This time, I will only buy what I need!” But then you still ended up coming home with things that were not on your shopping list. How can you prevent such impulse buying?…
Cholera is a diarrheal disease caused by ingestion of the Vibrio cholerae bacterium. In November 2017, a cholera epidemic occurred in Kinshasa, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, where no outbreak had been recorded for nearly a decade. A study…
The story of the Warli and the Waghoba
Understanding the diverse issues that prevent people with disabilities from seeking work is integral to developing effective and responsive interventions, according to new research from Kessler Foundation
The monograph migration culture: A comparative perspective offers a new, value-based approach towards migration
Diversification in the sourcing of food into cities can go a long way to tempering “food shock” — a sudden drop in food supply due to unforeseen events, according to a team of researchers from Penn State and Northern Arizona…
CHAMPAIGN, Ill. — A new book by University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign journalism professor Nikki Usher examines the market failure of local newspapers in the context of larger U.S. problems such as rising social inequality, geographic polarization and political discord. In…
A new study in the Journal of the European Economic Association , published by Oxford University Press, finds that electoral districts with a larger gender pay gaps show favoritism toward male political candidates in Parliamentary elections, with fewer female candidates…
UH study suggest practical steps to increase applicant pool diversity