Mobility restrictions can have unexpected impacts on air quality

An international collaborative study led by University of Helsinki has conducted a holistic study to investigate the effects of COVID-19 restrictions on several air quality pollutants for the Po Valley region in northern Italy. The area is well known to…

Study: Incarcerated people placed in solitary confinement differ significantly from others in prison population

Concern has grown about prison systems’ use of extended solitary confinement as a way to manage violent and disruptive incarcerated people. A new study identified groups that are more likely to be placed in extended solitary management (ESM). The study…

The GovLab launches free online course on “Open Justice”

BROOKLYN, New York, Thursday, July 15, 2021 – Today, The GovLab in partnership with the Electoral Tribunal of the Federal Judiciary of Mexico (TEPJF) , launched a first of its kind, online course on Open Justice through the edX MOOC…

Escort services and strip clubs don’t increase sex crimes

A new paper in The Economic Journal , published by by Oxford University Press, indicates that the presence of adult entertainment establishments may decrease sex crimes, significantly. The role of entertainment establishments (strip clubs, escort services, adult bookstores, and adult…

Interactive police line-ups improve eyewitness accuracy – study

Eyewitnesses can identify perpetrators more accurately when they are able to manipulate 3D images of suspects, according to a new study. A team of researchers in the University of Birmingham’s School of Psychology developed and tested new interactive lineup software…

The ethics of split liver transplantation: Analyzing case studies to make the right decision

Split liver transplantation (SLT) provides an opportunity to divide a donor liver and offer transplants to two small patients, one or both of whom could be a child. SLT, which is underused in the United States, could be used more…

How can counselors address social justice amid climate change?

We’re currently living in what many scientists are calling the Anthropocene, the period during which human activity has been the dominant influence on climate and the environment. An article published in the Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development discusses how…

Parental monitoring and consistency in adolescence can reduce young Black men’s likelihood of criminal behavior

New research examined the effect of different parenting styles during adolescence on crime among African American men. The study found that parenting styles characterized by little behavioral control placed youth at significant risk for adult crime, even though some of…

Foreign-born status, but not acquired US citizenship, protects many immigrants from criminal victimization

Until recently, data on criminal victimization did not include information on the status–immigrant or citizen–of respondents. In a recent study, researchers used new data that include respondents’ status to explore the association between citizenship status and risk of victimization. They…

Study: Removing ‘bad apples’ from police forces unlikely to significantly reduce use-of-force complaints

The idea that a small number of “bad apples” are responsible for an outsized share of complaints against police officers has gained considerable traction over the last four decades. A new study considered the extent to which police misconduct is…

Study: Electronic monitoring failed to reduce recidivism for girls in juvenile justice system

In recent years, many juvenile courts have adopted in-home detention with electronic monitoring tethers as an alternative to institutional incarceration. A new study examined whether this approach reduces recidivism among girls involved in the juvenile justice system. The study found…

Pandemic planning: Government should embrace uncertainty rather than confront it or shy away from it

New research shows the UK’s COVID-19 management decisions were based on an outdated pandemic modelling structure and suggests a more resilient approach would have been more effective. In the initial months of the pandemic, regular updates using graphs showing how…

Alcohol companies earned billions from underage drinking in 2016

PISCATAWAY, NJ – Underage youth consumed $17.5 billion worth, or 8.6 percent, of the alcoholic drinks sold in 2016. Products from three alcohol companies–AB Inbev, MillerCoors and Diageo–accounted for nearly half of youth consumption, according to a new study published…

A better understanding of ‘wet markets’ is key to safeguarding human health, biodiversity

PRINCETON, N.J.–Great uncertainty surrounds the origins of SARS-CoV-2. Early on, some suggested a link between COVID-19 and a seafood market in Wuhan, China. Other theories are now circulating, though the origins of the virus are still unknown. In response, governments…

Economic crime is going uninvestgated as Police hide behind the veil of Action Fraud

Fraud is going uninvestigated by police who are “hiding behind the veil” of the Action Fraud national crime reporting agency. In his paper published this week in Policing , Professor Mark Button, director of the Centre for Counter Fraud Studies…

Social media use one of four factors related to higher COVID-19 spread rates early on

TORONTO, June 9, 2021 – Researchers from York University and the University of British Columbia have found social media use to be one of the factors related to the spread of COVID-19 within dozens of countries during the early stages…

In Oregon, new gun violence restraining orders appear to be used as intended, but could be used more proactively

Extreme risk protection orders (ERPOs), also known as gun violence restraining orders, are civil court orders that grant temporary restrictions on purchasing and possessing firearms for individuals determined by a civil court judge to be at extreme risk of committing…

Most Americans support Medicare negotiation despite claims it would hurt innovation

WASHINGTON, DC – JUNE 3, 2021 — A new West Health/Gallup survey finds nearly all Democrats (97%) and the majority of Republicans (61%) support empowering the federal government to negotiate lower prices of brand-name prescription drugs covered by Medicare. Overall,…

Tuberculosis in Irish prisons: New study recommends increased testing

Investigators from Trinity College Dublin, the Irish Mycobacteria Reference Laboratory, St James’s Hospital, and the Department of Public Health HSE East believe tuberculosis (TB) care in Irish Prisons should be supported, considering the findings of their study which is published…

Study finds physicians support pharmacy dispensing to expand access to medication abortion

In a new study published online in spring 2021 and in the July issue of the journal Contraception , University of Chicago Medicine investigators and colleagues interviewed primary care providers in Illinois about their interest in providing medication abortion care…

Study on intermittency in gang membership underscores value of preventing youth from rejoining gangs

Research has shown that joining a gang is associated with increased criminal behavior. A new study examined whether the intermittent nature of gang membership affects offending. Researchers sought to determine whether the association with increased offending was a consistent attribute…

Fertility apps with hundreds of millions of users collect and share excessive information

The majority of top-rated fertility apps collect and even share intimate data without the users’ knowledge or permission, a collaborative study by Newcastle University and Umea University has found. Researchers are now calling for a tightening of the categorisation of…