Study: Incarcerated people placed in solitary confinement differ significantly from others in prison population

Concern has grown about prison systems’ use of extended solitary confinement as a way to manage violent and disruptive incarcerated people. A new study identified groups that are more likely to be placed in extended solitary management (ESM). The study…

Escort services and strip clubs don’t increase sex crimes

A new paper in The Economic Journal , published by by Oxford University Press, indicates that the presence of adult entertainment establishments may decrease sex crimes, significantly. The role of entertainment establishments (strip clubs, escort services, adult bookstores, and adult…

Interactive police line-ups improve eyewitness accuracy – study

Eyewitnesses can identify perpetrators more accurately when they are able to manipulate 3D images of suspects, according to a new study. A team of researchers in the University of Birmingham’s School of Psychology developed and tested new interactive lineup software…

Foreign-born status, but not acquired US citizenship, protects many immigrants from criminal victimization

Until recently, data on criminal victimization did not include information on the status–immigrant or citizen–of respondents. In a recent study, researchers used new data that include respondents’ status to explore the association between citizenship status and risk of victimization. They…

Parental monitoring and consistency in adolescence can reduce young Black men’s likelihood of criminal behavior

New research examined the effect of different parenting styles during adolescence on crime among African American men. The study found that parenting styles characterized by little behavioral control placed youth at significant risk for adult crime, even though some of…

Study: Removing ‘bad apples’ from police forces unlikely to significantly reduce use-of-force complaints

The idea that a small number of “bad apples” are responsible for an outsized share of complaints against police officers has gained considerable traction over the last four decades. A new study considered the extent to which police misconduct is…

Study: Electronic monitoring failed to reduce recidivism for girls in juvenile justice system

In recent years, many juvenile courts have adopted in-home detention with electronic monitoring tethers as an alternative to institutional incarceration. A new study examined whether this approach reduces recidivism among girls involved in the juvenile justice system. The study found…

Psychologists identify 18 best measures to assess intimate partner violence

BINGHAMTON, N.Y. — Millions of people experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in their lifetime and assessment is important in conducting therapy and assisting victims. A team of psychologists at Binghamton University, State University of New York have evaluated dozens of…

SFU cybercrime team fights COVID-19 misinformation with artificial intelligence

Simon Fraser University’s International CyberCrime Research Centre (ICCRC) is engaged in a new project to develop artificial intelligence tools to fight COVID-19-related misinformation campaigns on social media. Throughout the pandemic, anti-science theories on social media that portray COVID-19 as a…

Economic crime is going uninvestgated as Police hide behind the veil of Action Fraud

Fraud is going uninvestigated by police who are “hiding behind the veil” of the Action Fraud national crime reporting agency. In his paper published this week in Policing , Professor Mark Button, director of the Centre for Counter Fraud Studies…

Cincinnati children’s awarded grant to develop AI system for preventing school violence

CINCINNATI – Scientists at Cincinnati Children’s have been awarded a five-year grant totaling $2.8 million from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development to develop an automated risk assessment (ARIA) system, which is designed to detect and prevent…

Orphans and exiles: Research shows the impact of family separation

BINGHAMTON, N.Y. — New research from Binghamton University, State University of New York shows the human trauma and family separation that resulted from the Trump Administration’s zero tolerance policy on undocumented immigration. The news reports surrounding the Trump Administration’s “zero…

In Oregon, new gun violence restraining orders appear to be used as intended, but could be used more proactively

Extreme risk protection orders (ERPOs), also known as gun violence restraining orders, are civil court orders that grant temporary restrictions on purchasing and possessing firearms for individuals determined by a civil court judge to be at extreme risk of committing…

Urban crime fell by over a third around the world during COVID-19 shutdowns, study suggests

A team of researchers led by the University of Cambridge and University of Utrecht examined trends in daily crime counts before and after COVID-19 restrictions were implemented in major metropolitan areas such as Barcelona, Chicago, Sao Paulo, Tel Aviv, Brisbane…

Archaeology: Prehistoric violence at Jebel Sahaba may not have been single event

Reanalysis of the prehistoric cemetery Jebel Sahaba (Sudan), one of the earliest sites showing human warfare (13,400 years ago), suggests that hunter-fisher-gatherers engaged in repeated, smaller conflicts. The findings are published in Scientific Reports. Healed trauma on the skeletons found…

New research shows ridesharing services reduce sexual assault

Research Study Key Takeaways: Ridesharing can reduce a passenger’s risk of being a target of sexual assault by providing a more reliable and timely transportation option for traveling to a safer place. The entry of Uber into a city contributes…

Study on intermittency in gang membership underscores value of preventing youth from rejoining gangs

Research has shown that joining a gang is associated with increased criminal behavior. A new study examined whether the intermittent nature of gang membership affects offending. Researchers sought to determine whether the association with increased offending was a consistent attribute…

Tool to predict recidivism in federal inmates could make more prisoners eligible for early release

Passed in 2018, the First Step Act sought to address re-entry challenges for inmates in the federal prison system. The legislation called for developing an assessment tool to identify inmates for release who had the lowest likelihood of recidivism. A…

Illuminating invisible bloody fingerprints with a fluorescent polymer

Careful criminals usually clean a scene, wiping away visible blood and fingerprints. However, prints made with trace amounts of blood, invisible to the naked eye, could remain. Dyes can detect these hidden prints, but the dyes don’t work well on…

UTSA criminology professor studies impact of COVID-19on gender-based violence

(APRIL 1, 2021) -The pandemic has exacerbated risk factors for gender-based violence, such as unemployment and financial strain, substance use, isolation, depression anxiety, and general stress, according to the American Psychological Association. That’s inspired The University of Texas at San…

Evaluating the impact and effectiveness of burglar alarms

AN INNOVATIVE and fast-paced research project led by the University of Huddersfield has been awarded a coveted grant from the UK’s Home Office to look at the effectiveness of burglar alarms in reducing residential burglary. The three-month project is being…

Doctors experiencing domestic abuse feel socially and professionally isolated

Female doctors who suffer domestic abuse can feel unable to get help due to perceptions that it “should not happen to a doctor” and a judgemental culture in medical settings, a new study suggests. Victim-survivors who work as doctors often…

Gun violence rises in TV dramas over two decades, paralleling U.S. gun homicide trends

Gun violence in popular prime-time broadcast television dramas has increased steadily over almost two decades, a trend that parallels the rise in U.S. homicide deaths attributable to firearms, according to research by the Annenberg Public Policy Center (APPC) of the…

A law to protect those who support victims of violence against women

Last December, the Parliament of Catalonia unanimously approved the incorporation into its legislation of second-order violence against those who give their support to victims of violence against women. A recent study compiles testimonies of victims, and analyses this form of…

Study: Men of color avoid public places out of fear of involvement with criminal justice agents

The U.S. criminal legal system has expanded at a rapid pace, even as crime rates have declined since the 1990s. As a result, individuals’ interactions with and surveillance by law enforcement are now commonplace. But citizens experience different interactions, with…

Study: Seattle’s minimum wage increase did not change crime or employment rates

Between 2015 and 2017, Seattle, Washington, became the first U.S. city to increase its hourly minimum wage to $15, more than double the federal minimum wage and 60 percent higher than Seattle’s previous minimum wage. A new study examined the…

harp reductions in costs of producing cannabis, fentanyl likely to spur widespread changes in use, dependence

The legalization of cannabis and the arrival of nonmedical fentanyl are fundamentally changing drug markets in North America. A large part of these changes relates to the ability to produce large quantities of the drugs at low costs, which has…