Opioid dependence remains high but stable in Scotland, new surveillance report finds

Opioid dependence in Scotland remains high but largely stable, according to a new University of Bristol-led analysis published in Addiction today [18 April] and by Public Health Scotland. The study is the first to estimate the number of people dependent on opioid drugs (such as heroin), and who are in or could benefit from drug treatment, among Scotland’s population since 2015/2016 estimates were published.

Soil Bacteria Link their Life Strategies to Soil Conditions

Microbiologists do not fully understand how bacteria’s genes relate to their life strategies. Now, by analyzing large DNA sequencing datasets from around the globe, researchers discovered a new way of categorizing the dominant life strategies of soil bacteria based on their genes. This technique allowed the researchers to link different life strategies with specific climate and soil conditions.

Cleveland Clinic Launches New Women’s Comprehensive Health and Research Center

Cleveland Clinic has announced the launch of its new Women’s Comprehensive Health and Research Center, an initiative dedicated to helping women during midlife and beyond thrive and easily receive the specialized care they need. The center is focused on four key areas: access, connectivity, education, and research and innovation to empower women to navigate their health journey with confidence and clarity. 

Debanjan Dhar looks at links among liver cancer, heart health and kidney function

As an associate professor at Sanford Burnham Prebys, Dhar focuses on how lifestyle factors such as high-calorie diets, excessive alcohol consumption and minimal exercise—along with genetic predispositions—can lead to problematic changes in the liver, heart and kidneys. By studying the conversation among the liver, the immune system, heart and kidneys, Dhar hopes to discover signals that could be used to detect metabolic disorders, especially metabolic-associated steatohepatitis (MASH), and liver cancer much earlier, when they’re easier to treat.

University of Rhode Island Expert Available to Discuss Dengue Fever

Dr. Alan Rothman is a biomedical researcher at the University of Rhode Island’s College of the Environment and Life Sciences. He leads the University’s Laboratory of Viral Immunity and Pathogenesis. Dr. Rothman is an infectious disease specialist who has been involved in…

UC Irvine professor of nursing to receive national award for policy advocacy

Irvine, Calif., April 17, 2024 — Susanne Phillips, DNP, professor and senior associate dean in UC Irvine’s Sue & Bill Gross School of Nursing, has been selected as the recipient of the 2024 Outstanding Policy Award from the National Organization of Nurse Practitioner Faculties. She is being recognized for developing, implementing and advocating for policies that positively affect the role of the advanced practice registered nurse and significantly increase community healthcare access and quality.

What drives a warming tundra to release carbon into the atmosphere?

Increased warming in tundra ecosystems is resulting the release of carbon into the atmosphere through ecosystem respiration, contributing additionally to climate change. A recent meta-analysis published Nature revealed factors that contribute to ecosystem respiration, including soil nitrogen concentration, pH and ratio of carbon to nitrogen.

URI-led team finds direct evidence of ‘itinerant breeding’ in East Coast shorebird species

KINGSTON, R.I. – April 17, 2024 – Migration and reproduction are two of the most demanding events in a bird’s annual cycle, so much so that the vast majority of migratory birds separate the two tasks into different times of the year. But a study by University of Rhode Island researchers has found direct evidence of a species – the American woodcock, a migratory shorebird from eastern and central North America – that overlaps periods of migration and reproduction, a rare breeding strategy known as “itinerant breeding.

Ice age climate analysis reduces worst-case warming expected from rising CO2

A detailed reconstruction of climate during the most recent ice age, when a large swath of North America was covered in ice, provides information on the relationship between CO2 and global temperature. Results show that while most future warming estimates remain unchanged, the absolute worst-case scenario is unlikely.

University of Maryland Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center and AstraZeneca Partner to Enhance Community-Based Lung Cancer Screening and Detection for Marylanders at High Risk

With only a small percentage of Marylanders at high risk for lung cancer getting the recommended annual screening, the University of Maryland Marlene and Stewart Greenebaum Comprehensive Cancer Center (UMGCCC) today launched a new statewide effort to increase annual screenings.

Deeper sedation may help find difficult-to-detect polyps during colonoscopy

In patients undergoing colonoscopy to screen for colorectal cancer, deeper sedation using the anesthetic drug propofol may improve detection of “serrated” polyps — a type of precancerous lesion that can be difficult to detect, reports a study in the Online First edition of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA).

FSU faculty available for context on latest research into autism spectrum disorder

By: Bill Wellock | Published: April 17, 2024 | 8:30 am | SHARE: April is Autism Acceptance Month, an opportunity to raise public awareness and support for people with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).Florida State University experts work to promote interdisciplinary research that advances our understanding of autism and bridges the gap between scientific knowledge and clinical/educational practice.

KIMM develops environment recognition technologies for off-road self-driving with improved real-time processing performance

The research team led by Senior Researcher Han-Min Lee of the Department of Industrial Machinery DX under the Virtual Engineering Platform Research Division of the Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials(KIMM) has developed off-road environment recognition technologies for driving in off-road environments such as mountainous, waterside or snowy regions, including sensor protection and cleaning technology, sensor signal correction technology, and drivable area recognition technology, and has transferred these technologies to relevant corporations.

National Comprehensive Cancer Network Awards Champions for Excellence and Outstanding Contributions in Cancer Care

The National Comprehensive Cancer Network® (NCCN®)—an alliance of leading cancer centers—announces 2024 award recipients that include individuals and groups who have made significant and noteworthy impacts on improving cancer care and supporting NCCN’s mission to help all people with cancer to live better lives.

How soil microbes survive in harsh desert environments

Prolonged droughts followed by sudden bursts of rainfall – how do desert soil bacteria manage to survive such harsh conditions? This long-debated question has now been answered by an ERC project led by microbiologist Dagmar Woebken from the Centre for Microbiology and Environmental Systems Science (CeMESS) at the University of Vienna.