Validating NIH Toolbox to help evaluate cognitive processing in people with intellectual disability

Cognitive processing in people with intellectual disability can now be accurately assessed thanks to UC Davis Health researchers who updated and validated series of tests, part of the NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery.

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Neighborhood Features and One’s Genetic Makeup Interact to Affect Cognitive Function

Few studies have examined how the neighborhood’s physical environment relates to cognition in older adults. Researchers categorized 4,716 individuals by apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotype – a genetic risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) to determine if there are cognitive benefits of living in neighborhoods with greater access to social, walking and retail destinations. Results showed that the positive influence of neighborhood environments on cognition are strongest among those who are at the lowest risk for AD, specifically APOE ε2 carriers.

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Subtle Decline in Cognition Predicts Progression to Alzheimer’s Pathology

Researchers at UC San Diego School of Medicine report that abnormal levels of beta-amyloid plaques in brain predict cognitive decline and higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease, but also that cognitive performance predicts progression from normal to abnormal levels of beta-amyloid.

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Bridging the gap between AI and the clinic Rapprocher l’IA de la pratique clinique

Researchers trained machine learning algorithms on data from more than 62,000 patients with a meningioma. Their goal was to find statistical associations between malignancy, survival, and a series of basic clinical variables including tumour size, tumour location, and surgical procedure.

Des chercheurs ont entraîné des algorithmes d’apprentissage automatique à partir des données de plus de 62 000 patients ayant un méningiome. L’objectif était de déceler des associations statistiques entre la malignité, le temps de survie et d’autres variables cliniques de base telles que la taille de la tumeur, son emplacement et la nature de l’intervention chirurgicale effectuée.

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