Using artificial intelligence, researchers have discovered how to screen for genetic mutations in cancerous brain tumors in under 90 seconds — and possibly streamline the diagnosis and treatment of gliomas, a study suggests. The newly developed system, DeepGlioma, identified mutations used by the World Health Organization to define molecular subgroups of diffuse glioma with an average accuracy over 90%.
Q&A: How to make computing more sustainable
SLAC researcher Sadasivan Shankar talks about a new environmental effort starting at the lab – building a roadmap that will help researchers improve the energy efficiency of computing, from devices like cellphones to artificial intelligence.
Legislators struggle to distinguish between AI and constituents
Natural language models, such as ChatGPT and GPT-4, open new opportunities for malicious actors to influence representative democracy, new Cornell University research suggests.
Could AI-powered object recognition technology help solve wheat disease?
A new University of Illinois project is using advanced object recognition technology to keep toxin-contaminated wheat kernels out of the food supply and to help researchers make wheat more resistant to fusarium head blight, or scab disease, the crop’s top nemesis.
AI-based systems can help identify rapidly advancing age-related macular degeneration
Researchers supported by the National Eye Institute are developing artificial intelligence/machine learning (AI/ML)-based systems that not only screen for AMD but also predict which patients will likely progress to late within two years. The systems also evaluate separately one’s risk for developing late wet (neovascular) AMD from one’s risk for late dry (geographic atrophy) AMD.
Saint Louis University Expert Available to Talk AI, Chatbots
Artificial intelligence news has escalated considerably just in the last few months with the roll-out of Microsoft’s Bing Chatbot and the popularity of large language models (LLMs) such as ChatGPT. Saint Louis University’s Flavio Esposito, Ph.D., is available to speak…
Analysis finds most countries are failing to report on and evaluate their AI Initiatives
WASHINGTON (March 13, 2023) – As countries around the world expand their use of artificial intelligence, the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) has developed the most comprehensive website on AI policy, the OECD.AI Policy Observatory. However, a new paper by…
Chula’s AICute Innovation – An Assessment Tool for Ischemic Stroke Risk to Reduce Disability and Death
A research team from the Faculty of Medicine and Faculty of Engineering, Chulalongkorn University has jointly developed AICute, an innovative program to assess the chances of stroke caused by heart disease (Ischemic Stroke), aimed at helping hospitals that lack cardiologists to enhance the effectiveness of stroke treatment, reduce congestion in hospitals and medical schools.
Rutgers, RWJUH Cardiology Leader to Receive ACC’s Gifted Educator Award
Dr. Partho P. Sengupta, chief of cardiology at Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School and Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital (RWJUH), an RWJBarnabas Health Facility, has been selected by the American College of Cardiology (ACC) as its 2023 Gifted Educator Award honoree.
Do the math: ChatGPT sometimes can’t, expert says.
ASU Associate Professor Paulo Shakarian details results of a study in which he tested ChatGPT on 1,000 mathematical word problems. He’s not sold on its reasoning ability.
New study reveals ketamine could be effective treatment for cocaine-use disorders
As cocaine use continues to climb across the United States, scientists have struggled to develop an effective pharmacological approach to treat the devastating disorder. But by seamlessly combining artificial intelligence (AI), human intelligence, clinical testing and computer analysis, researchers at Case Western Reserve University have unearthed an existing option that appears to hold promise.
James Barr von Oehsen Named Director of the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center
James Barr von Oehsen has been selected as the director of the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center (PSC), a joint research center of Carnegie Mellon University and the University of Pittsburgh. Von Oehsen is a leader in the fields of cyberinfrastructure, research computing, advanced networking, data science and information technology.
Meet your new AI colleague; Indiana University Kelley School of Business professor studies working with digital humans
With rapid progress in computer graphics and advancements in artificial intelligence, human faces are now being put on chat bots and other computer-based interfaces with customers, employees, and others. Coined “digital humans,” they mimic people as they are used as sales assistants, corporate trainers and even social media influencers
New AI tool guides users away from incendiary language
To help identify when tense online debates are inching toward irredeemable meltdown, Cornell University researchers have developed an artificial intelligence tool that can track these conversations in real-time, detect when tensions are escalating and nudge users away from using incendiary language.
AI Expert: ChatGPT and the Future of Education
Newswise — ALBANY, N.Y. – You’ve likely heard about ChatGPT, an AI-based chatbot launched by OpenAI that is making headlines for its capability to read and write like a human when prompted. Since its release last fall, the new tool…
National Energy Technology Laboratory and Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center Pioneer First Ever Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulation on Cerebras Wafer-Scale Engine
Cerebras Systems, the pioneer in high performance artificial intelligence (AI) compute, today announced, for the first time ever, the simulation of a high-resolution natural convection workload at near real-time rates.
Omics and AI May Help Predict Lung Disease Risk in Premature Babies
Article title: Development of a peripheral blood transcriptomic gene signature to predict bronchopulmonary dysplasia Authors: Alvaro Moreira, Miriam Tovar, Alisha M. Smith, Grace C. Lee, Justin A. Meunier, Zoya Cheema, Axel Moreira, Caitlyn Winter, Shamimunisa B. Mustafa, Steven Seidner, Tina…
CMU Research Supported by PSC Wins Artificial Intelligence Award
Tuomas Sandholm’s work since 2010 to improve the fairness and effectiveness of organ donations using PSC supercomputers has won the 2023 AAAI Award for Artificial Intelligence for the Benefit of Humanity.
Subtle hostile social media messaging is being missed by artificial intelligence tools
Experts warn current machine learning models are missing microaggressions and subtle cognitive warfare online.
ChatGPT: the AI tech that’s revolutionising teaching
As Artificial Intelligence-powered chatbots edge into the education sector, UniSA experts are encouraging teachers to take an active role in testing and using these cutting-edge tools to maintain a competitive edge in their profession.
‘Silly’ to expect AI mimicking human-written text could be easily detected
OpenAI, the creator of the chatbot ChatGPT, has released a software tool to identify text generated by artificial intelligence. However, the company warned the tool only correctly identified generated text as “likely AI-written” about a quarter of the time. Mor Naaman, professor…
Johns Hopkins Physicians and Engineers Develop Search for AI Program That Accurately Predicts Risk of ‘ICU Delirium’
More than one-third of all people admitted to the hospital, and as many as 80% of all patients in an intensive care unit (ICU), develop delirium, a type of brain dysfunction marked by sudden bouts of confusion, inattention, paranoia, or even agitation and hallucinations. An intensivist at Johns Hopkins Medicine, in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University engineering students, report they have developed artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms that can detect the early warning signs of delirium and can predict — at any time during an ICU stay — a high risk of delirium for a significant number of patients.
ARVO Foundation Names 2023 Winners of Dr. David L. Epstein Award
The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology (ARVO) announced today the 2023 recipients of the Dr. David L. Epstein Award:Since 2016, the Dr. David L. Epstein Award has been given annually to a well-established senior investigator with a documented history of conducting eye and vision research in glaucoma and of mentoring clinician-scientists to independent academic and research careers.
AI-Generated Drawings — A Trend in Art Creation that Can Replace or Fulfill Human Craftsmanship and Imagination?
Artificial intelligence gives people the opportunity to turn “words” into “pictures” and create their art easily and quickly. But will this form of AI reduce and replace human craftsmanship, imagination, and careers? A Chula Engineering professor and an architecture professor share their views.
Cheerful Chatbots Don’t Necessarily Improve Customer Service
Humans displaying positive emotions in customer service interactions have long been known to improve customer experience, but researchers at the Georgia Institute of Technology’s Scheller College of Business wanted to see if this also applied to AI. They conducted experimental studies to determine if positive emotional displays improved customer service and found that emotive AI is only appreciated if the customer expects it, and it may not be the best avenue for companies to invest in.
“Gowajee” — a Thai Speech-Recognition AI from Chula
An engineering professor from Chula has designed “Gowajee”, a Thai-language speech recognition AI capable of delivering speech-to-text/ text-to-speech with the accuracy of a native speaker while keeping users’ data secure. Having been rolled out in call centers, and depression patients screening process, Gowajee is set to be adapted to many other functions.
VULCAN forges new science for the future of 3D-printed metal
Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers have developed a novel experimental platform called OpeN-AM to study additively manufactured metal in real time using beams of neutrons. The experimental system features a robotic arm that 3D-prints metal welds to create complex shapes and objects.
AI Model Proactively Predicts if a COVID-19 Test Might be Positive or Not
Researchers trained five classification algorithms to create an accurate model to predict COVID-19 test results. Results identify the key symptom features associated with COVID-19 infection and provide a way for rapid screening and cost effective infection detection. Findings reveal that number of days experiencing symptoms such as fever and difficulty breathing play a large role in COVID-19 test results. Findings also show that molecular tests have much narrower post-symptom onset days compared to post-symptom onset days of serology tests. As a result, the molecular test has the lowest positive rate because it measures current infection.
Teaching photonic chips to learn
A multi-institution research team has developed an optical chip that can train machine learning hardware.
NIH-Funded Study Uses AI to Improve Language for Children with Cochlear Implants
A new multicenter study will use artificial intelligence (AI) to analyze pre-surgical brain MRI scans to predict individual-level language outcomes in English- and Spanish-learning children up to four years after cochlear implantation. The long-term goal of the research is to customize therapy to maximize children’s hearing and language ability after receiving a cochlear implant.
Pharmacy faculty awarded $2.15M to prevent adverse drug events in ICU
Every year, 1.5 million Americans experience a serious drug event in intensive care units across the country. Two new grants totaling $2.15 million recently awarded to the University of Georgia hope to change that using artificial intelligence-based technology.
AI and Cancer: Study Highlights Automated System to Calculate Metabolic Tumor Volume
AI-based approach could make it easier to incorporate metabolic tumor volume into clinical trials and possibly patient care
PSC Receives Honors for AI-Driven, Automated Discovery of MRI Agents and Control of Fluid-Flow Heat and Stress
Science performed with the Pittsburgh Supercomputing Center’s advanced research computers has been recognized with two HPCwire Editors’ Choice Awards, presented at the SC22 conference in Dallas, Texas.
FAU Lands $1.2 Million NSF Grant to Transform Prosthetic Hand Control
Current prosthetic hands have five individually actuated digits, yet only one grasp function can be controlled at a time, which makes sophisticated tasks largely impossible.
ESnet Launches Next-Generation Network to Enhance Collaborative Science
Today, the Energy Sciences Network (ESnet) formally unveiled ESnet6, the newest generation of the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE’s) high-performance network dedicated to science. The hybrid in person and virtual event was held at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) and live-streamed on streaming.lbl.gov.
Common Approach to Demystify Black Box AI Not Ready for Prime Time, Study Finds
Clinical AI tools hold the promise to transform the practice of medicine, but lack of transparency in some tools is an ongoing challenge.
Coalition for Health AI Updates Progress and Plans to Issue Guidelines for the Responsible Use of AI in Healthcare
The coalition focused on the foundational themes of Bias, Equity, and Fairness in its first in a series of workshops aimed at developing guidelines for the responsible use of AI in healthcare.
Unreliable neurons improve brain functionalities
Neuronal silencing periods facilitate an advantageous mechanism for temporal sequence identification and demonstrate a useful new AI mechanism for ATM’s equipped with secure handwriting recognition.
UMD Smith and Deloitte Launch Initiative to Expand AI Study and Outreach Opportunities
A “Deloitte Initiative for AI and Learning,” an artificial intelligence (AI) research initiative, will be based within UMD’s Smith School and enable Smith and Deloitte to continue their collaborations at the forefront of cutting-edge research and emerging technology.
Researchers Aim to Use AI to Predict Rare Diseases
Penn Medicine researchers will help lead development of an algorithm to flag patients at risk of rare disease thanks to a $4.7 million NIH grant
Mount Sinai Researchers Use Artificial Intelligence to Uncover the Cellular Origins of Alzheimer’s Disease and Other Cognitive Disorders
Deep learning models represent “an entirely new paradigm for studying dementia”
How the brain develops: a new way to shed light on cognition
Researchers introduce a new neurocomputational model of the human brain that could bridge the gap in understanding AI and the biological mechanisms underlying mental disorders.
New method for comparing neural networks exposes how artificial intelligence works
A team at Los Alamos National Laboratory has developed a novel approach for comparing neural networks that looks within the “black box” of artificial intelligence to help researchers understand neural network behavior. Neural networks recognize patterns in datasets; they are used everywhere in society, in applications such as virtual assistants, facial recognition systems and self-driving cars.
Leadership Online: Charisma Matters Most in Video Communication
Managers need to make a consistent impression in order to motivate and inspire people, and that applies even more to video communication than to other digital channels. That is the result of a study by researchers at Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT).
Rensselaer To Advance Blockchain Tech With $360k Grant
Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute’s Oshani Seneviratne, director of health data research at the Institute for Data Exploration and Applications (IDEA), and Lirong Xia, associate professor of computer science, have been awarded $363,343 from the Algorand Foundation. The award is part of an $8 million grant to fund blockchain research through a project led by Vassilis Zikas, associate professor of computer science and security researcher at Purdue University.
A new neuromorphic chip for AI on the edge, at a small fraction of the energy and size of today’s compute platforms
An international team of researchers has designed and built a chip that runs computations directly in memory and can run a wide variety of AI applications–all at a fraction of the energy consumed by computing platforms for general-purpose AI computing. The NeuRRAM neuromorphic chip brings AI a step closer to running on a broad range of edge devices, disconnected from the cloud, where they can perform sophisticated cognitive tasks anywhere and anytime without relying on a network connection to a centralized server.
Using AI, UF startup companies boost ailing citrus industry
As news broke that Florida’s citrus industry ended this year’s growing season with its lowest production in eight decades, an unlikely union has formed between two University of Florida startup companies to help reverse the trend.
Study confirms the sensitivity of Techcyte’s AI solution for intestinal protozoa detection
A study authored by researchers at Quest Diagnostics and presented at ASM Microbe on June 9-12th 2022 in Washington, D.C. provides evidence that the Techcyte technology aids in the detection of intestinal protozoa.
DMIND Application for Screening Depression – An AI Innovation from CU Faculties of Medicine and Engineering Researchers
Introducing a new dimension for consultations with those suffering from depression by the Department of Mental Health and the DMIND AI Innovation from Chula’s Faculties of Medicine and Engineering that provides screening for depression through the Mor Prom Application with greater accuracy, accessibility, and convenience thus reducing the burdens on medical practitioners and psychologists in taking care of patients with depression.
Life Gets Easier with ReadMe Program that Digitizes Documents and Images Developed Right Here in Thailand
A team from Chula’s Faculty of Engineering have made use of AI Deep Tech to develop a program that scans documents and images into OCR documents. The program is more than 90% accurate when reading Thai scripts and Chula’s UTC is now ready for a spin-off to the market through Eikonnex AI Co. Ltd.