In a recent analysis, researchers found sex differences in the health and neurodevelopmental outcomes of people exposed to alcohol before birth.
Virtual reality game to objectively detect ADHD
A virtual reality game offers an objective assessment of attention deficit disorders and may lead to an improved therapeutic approach
Child body weight has limited effects on mood and behavioural disorders, study suggests
Childhood body mass index is unlikely to have a big impact on children’s mood or behavioural disorders, according to a study led by the University of Bristol and published in eLife today [20 December].
Are the youngest children in class overmedicated?
Christine Strand Bachmann has led a study that includes all Norwegian children born between 1989 and 1998, a total of 488 000 people.
Research Finds Training Program Reduces Crash Rates for Teenage Drivers with ADHD
Research published in the New England Journal of Medicine has shown that a computerized program enhanced with driving simulation training with feedback lowers the risk of car crashes for teenagers with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD).
Rare Human Gene Variant in ADHD, Autism Exposes Fundamental Sex Differences
Key differences in male and female mice brains provide new insights into how sex determines the mechanisms by which distinct synapses monitor and regulate dopamine signaling. The impact of sex differences is particularly pronounced when the mice express a human genetic variant found in boys with either ADHD or autism. Behavioral generalizations across the sexes may limit diagnosis of mental illness, especially if one sex translates alterations into outward signs such as hyperactivity and aggression vs. more internal manifestations such as learning, memory and mood, even when the same molecular pathology is at work.
FSU psychologist awarded $9M to expand gamified treatments for pediatric ADHD
Millions of children are diagnosed each year with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD. When untreated, or undertreated, children with ADHD face challenges focusing, managing time, and practicing self-control, and these difficulties can persist into adulthood.
Pregnant women with obesity and diabetes may be more likely to have a child with ADHD
Children of women with gestational diabetes and obesity may be twice as likely to develop attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) compared to those whose mothers did not have obesity, according to new research published in the Endocrine Society’s Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism.
Early-Term Births Associated With Higher Rate of ADHD as Reported by Teachers
Among children born at term (37–41 weeks), those born before 39 weeks are more likely to experience symptoms associated with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), according to a study by Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School.
Researchers Reveal Brain Changes, Differences in Children with ADHD
UNC scientists conducted a study to image the neural activity analogues to cognitive flexibility and discover differences in the brain activity of children with ADHD and those without.
Summer Institute focused on life after high school for kids with autism, ADHD, more
The UC Davis MIND Institute’s annual Summer Institute on Neurodevelopmental Disabilities is focused on strategies to support individuals with ADHD, Down syndrome, autism and more as they prepare for life after high school. The free, virtual event will take place Aug. 3 from 9:00 a.m. – 1:15 p.m. and is open to all.
“Good evidence” that ADHD drugs might also treat Alzheimer’s disease
Clinical trials of ‘noradrenergic’ drugs now warranted, say researchers
When it comes to ADHD and ASD, the eyes could reveal all
In the first study of its kind, researchers found that recordings from the retina could identify distinct signals for both Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) providing a potential biomarker for each condition.
Scientists Gain Ground on Rare Congenital Neurological Disorder
Two recent discoveries co-led by scientists at Cedars-Sinai may help lead to new ways to treat patients with Allan-Herndon-Dudley syndrome (AHDS), a brain development disorder that causes severe intellectual disability and problems with movement.
Diet plays key role in ADHD symptoms in children
Here’s a good reason for children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to eat their fruits and vegetables: It may help reduce inattention issues, a new study suggests.
Pitt research helps explain how Ritalin sharpens attention
Even half a century after a drug comes on the market, scientists can still learn new things about how it works.
‘Eye-catching’ smartphone app could make it easy to screen for neurological disease at home
UC San Diego researchers developed a smartphone app that could allow people to screen for Alzheimer’s disease, ADHD and other neurological diseases and disorders—by recording closeups of their eye. The app uses a smartphone’s built-in near-infrared camera and selfie camera to track how a person’s pupil changes in size. These pupil measurements could be used to assess a person’s cognitive condition.
Autism, ADHD and school absence are risk factors for self-harm, according to new study
Research led by King’s College London and South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust has analysed factors associated with self-harm in over 111,000 adolescents aged 11-17 years old.
ADHD and impulsivity: New potential targets to approach the treatment for neuropsychiatric disorders
A study published in the journal Pharmacological Research describes the existence of a complex built by dopamine and noradrenergic receptors that could be a therapeutic target of potential interest to tackle the attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and impulsivity.
Is your child a fussy eater? Top tips to help your child get back on track
New research from USC, the University of South Australia, and the University of Queensland is providing a better understanding of what influences fussy eaters, and what is more likely to increase or decrease picky eating in children under 10.
Half of adults with ADHD have had a substance use disorder
Half of adults aged 20-39 with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have had a substance use disorder (SUD) in their lifetime according to new research published online ahead of print this month in Alcohol and Alcoholism.
People with ADHD and multiple psychiatric diagnoses stop their ADHD treatment more often
A research study from the The Lundbeck Foundation Initiative for Integrative Psychiatric Research iPSYCH shows that people with ADHD, who also have another psychiatric diagnosis, are more likely to stop taking their ADHD medicine.
Does cannabis affect brain development in young people with ADHD? Too soon to tell, reports Harvard Review of Psychiatry
At least so far, the currently limited research base does not establish that cannabis has additional adverse effects on brain development or functioning in adolescents or young adults with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), concludes a review in the July/August issue of Harvard Review of Psychiatry. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
ADHD Medications Associated with Reduced Risk of Suicidality in Children with Significant Behavioral Symptoms
ADHD medications may lower suicide risk in children with hyperactivity, oppositional defiance and other behavioral disorders, according to new research from the Lifespan Brain Institute (LiBI) of Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and the University of Pennsylvania. The findings, published today in JAMA Network Open, address a significant knowledge gap in childhood suicide risk and could inform suicide prevention strategies at a time when suicide among children is on the rise.
Toddler TV Time Not to Blame for Attention Problems
It’s a common belief that exposure to television in toddlerhood causes attention-deficit problems in school-age children—a claim that was born from the results of a 2004 study that seemed to show a link between the two. However, a further look at the evidence suggests this is not true.
The risk of ADHD may be lower if children grow up in green environments
The amount of green space surrounding children’s homes could be important for their risk of developing ADHD. This is shown by new research results from iPSYCH.
Detecting ADHD with near perfect accuracy
A new study led by a University at Buffalo researcher has identified how specific communication among different brain regions, known as brain connectivity, can serve as a biomarker for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
Gestational age linked to ADHD in children with Down syndrome
A new study by the UC Davis MIND Institute finds a connection between gestational age and ADHD in children with Down syndrome. An earlier gestational age is linked to higher ADHD symptoms later in childhood.
Study finds antibiotics before age 2 associated with childhood health issues
In a retrospective case study, Mayo Clinic researchers have found that antibiotics administered to children younger than 2 are associated with several ongoing illnesses or conditions, ranging from allergies to obesity. The findings appear in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.
Antibiotic Exposure in Children Under Age 2 Associated with Chronic Conditions
Children under age 2 who take antibiotics are at greater risk for childhood-onset asthma, respiratory allergies, eczema, celiac disease, obesity and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, according to a paper written jointly by Mayo Clinic and Rutgers researchers. While previous studies have looked at the association of antibiotics with single diseases, this is the first to look at the association across many diseases.
McLean Hospital Webinar Series: Learning to Work With—Not Against—ADHD
Tips to Help Children and Adults Address the Challenges of Hyperactivity November 10 @ 11am EST While ADHD may be diagnosed in childhood, the challenges that ADHD creates—diagnosed or undiagnosed—can plague a person for their entire life. It can cause…
Reduced Hormone Supply in Pregnant Mothers Linked to ADHD in Their Children
Low levels of key, body-regulating chemicals in mothers during the first three months of pregnancy may interfere with the baby’s brain development, a large American study shows.
New four-year residential program for students with intellectual disabilities at the University of California, Davis
A new, residential four-year college program for students with intellectual disabilities is the first of its kind in the west and is expected to serve as a model for other California schools.
Financial distress linked to suicide risk in people with ADHD
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder is linked to higher levels of financial distress in adults – and a fourfold higher risk of suicide for those with the most debt, according to a large population study.
ADHD Study Reveals Unique Genetic Differences in African American Patients with the Condition
Researchers have shown there may be key genetic differences in the causes of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) between African Americans and people of European ancestry, which may play an important part in how patients of different ethnic backgrounds respond to treatments for this condition.
Researchers ID Chemical that Influences Songbirds’ Song Choice
New research in songbirds sheds more light on the decision-making process in the brain.
Self-regulation for kids: at home, at school and with autism
As every teacher will assert, self-regulation is the key to optimal learning; it helps kids tune in, stay focussed and be ready to learn. But what if your child isn’t wired this way? For many children, self-regulation is hard to master, but for kids on the autism spectrum, it can seem insurmountable, singling them out and creating barriers to their learning.
Rates of ADHD Diagnosis in Veterans Are Rising, Reports VA Study in Medical Care
Rates of diagnosed attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in veterans receiving care in the VA health system more than doubled during the past decade, reports a study in the March issue of Medical Care. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
Teens with a History of ADHD Need Stronger Monitoring of Health Risks
Adolescents with a history of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at an increased risk for a multitude of adverse outcomes, including sexually-transmitted infections (STIs), mental health conditions, and car accidents. Researchers from Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) wanted to better understand how primary care doctors addressed these risks with patients as they transitioned from childhood to young adulthood. They found that although doctors generally discuss depression, substance abuse, and suicide risk with patients who have a history of ADHD, they rarely discuss safe driving with them and most of the time they do not monitor patients for risky sexual behavior.
New Guideline Aims to Transform Evaluation and Care of Children and Adolescents with ADHD
The Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics is releasing a groundbreaking guideline for the diagnosis and care of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorders in children and youth in a supplement to its February 2020 issue. The Society for Developmental and Behavior Pediatrics Clinical…
A Calming Space
Children’s of Alabama pathway designed for patients with sensory sensitivities has been equally impactful on families, providers
Q&A: A drug-free option for treating ADHD in children
UCLA researcher Sandra Loo was a principal investigator on the study that led to FDA approval of the first non-drug ADHD treatment. In this Q&A, Loo discusses the device and its potential in ADHD treatment.
Young mums more likely to have kids with ADHD
Young mothers have a greater chance of having a child with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) according to new research from the University of South Australia. Exploring the genetic relationship between female reproductive traits and key psychiatric disorders, it found that the genetic risk of ADHD in children was strongly associated with early maternal age at first birth, particular for women younger than 20.
Free Tool Helps Providers Implement New ADHD Guidelines
The mehealth web portal for ADHD can support a physician’s selection of behavioral medications, appropriate dosing and testing of other interventions.