A complex high-energy nuclear physics experiment, aiming to measure the contributions of antiquarks to the structure of the proton and neutron, has produced results that are the opposite of what had previously been understood about proton structure and the dynamics of strong interacting antiquarks and gluons.
Nobuo Sato is working to put the know in femto. He’s just been awarded a five-year, multimillion dollar research grant by the Department of Energy to develop a “FemtoAnalyzer” that will help nuclear physicists image the three-dimensional internal structure of protons and neutrons. Now, Sato is among 76 scientists nationwide who have been awarded a grant through the DOE Office of Science’s Early Career Research Program to pursue their research.
Quarks and gluons are elementary particles that make up everything you see before you, including yourself, and Nobuo Sato wants to know how. At the Department of Energy’s Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, he will be tackling this question as the recipient of the JSA/Jefferson Lab Nathan Isgur Fellowship for Nuclear Theory.
Low-momentum (wimpy) quarks and gluons contribute to proton spin, offering insights into protons’ behavior in all visible matter. The Science The “proton spin puzzle” concerns how much the building blocks of the proton, quarks and gluons, and their motion within…