‘Shining’ Light on the Inner Details and Breakup of Deuterons

Scientists have found a way to “see” inside deuterons, the simplest atomic nuclei, to better understand how particles called gluons are arranged within the deuteron. These collisions can also break the deuteron apart, giving insights into what holds the proton and neutron together. The research helps scientists understand how nuclei emerge from quarks and gluons, and how the masses of nuclei are dynamically generated by gluons.