Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC) epidemiology, survival characteristics, and outcomes: Surveillance, epidemiology, and end results database (SEER) study

Background:Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC) is a rare and distinctive form of liver cancer that primarily affects adolescents and young adults without underlying liver disease. Unlike conventional HCC, it exhibits unique clinical and histological features and poses a diagnostic and therapeutic…

Epidemiology, symptomatology, diagnosis and clinical implications of cystic tumors of atrioventricular node (CTAVN): A systematic review

Background: Primary cardiac tumors have an incidence of 0.0017% to 0.03% of all autopsies. CTAVN is a rare tumor associated with sudden cardiac death, and its incidence cannot be accurately determined as the diagnosis has been historically made on incidental or…

Initiative to Strengthen Response to Infectious Disease Outbreaks in the Mountain West

The COVID-19 pandemic spotlighted how a rapid and effective response to infectious disease outbreaks is critical for saving lives and protecting communities. With a $17.5 million, five-year grant from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), University of Utah researchers, in collaboration with Washington State University, are leading efforts to provide data and tools that guide decisions to improve responses to emerging public health threats in the Mountain West.

Major storm modeled to follow Fiona, possibly en route to Florida

The strongest hurricane of the Atlantic season caused death and destruction in Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and other parts of the Caribbean and continues to pose a threat along the eastern seaboard. But now models are predicting a storm that…

Department of Energy Announces $5 Million for Research to Develop New Models for Bio-Preparedness

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced $5 million in funding for research to advance the development of tools that effectively use real-world data—disparate data that is often difficult to readily integrate—into new models (e.g., epidemiology or therapeutic development) in support of bio-preparedness and response studies.

Steady Progress in the Battle Against COVID-19

Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory are making progress on several fronts in the battle against COVID-19, the global pandemic sparked by the emergence of a novel coronavirus late last year. This work is part of a worldwide effort to understand the virus and the factors that affect its spread with the aim of devising treatments and other mitigation strategies.

Quantity and Context of Physical Activity: Important Factors in the Relationship with Pain

Many people are affected by painful conditions like low back pain, arthritis and cancer. Pain can be difficult to treat, with few safe and effective options. Some research suggests that being physically active can reduce the severity and impact of…

Study: Identifying Optimal Points of Intervention to Address Racial and Ethnic Disparities in COVID-19 Fatality Rates in New York State

Results from a new COVID-19 epidemiological study have been released from the University at Albany in partnership with the New York State Department of Health (NYSDOH); the findings were published today in the peer-reviewed journal, Annals of Epidemiology.

Widespread facemask use could shrink the ‘R’ number and prevent a second COVID-19 wave – study

• Cambridge-led modelling looks at population-level facemask use.
• The more people use facemasks in public, the smaller the ‘R’.
• Even basic homemade masks significantly reduce transmission at a population level.
• Researchers call for information campaigns – “my mask protects you, your mask protects me” – that encourage the making and wearing of facemasks.

‘With This Ring,’ Scientists Hope to Predict COVID-19 in Healthcare Workers

A three-pronged approach will help to predict COVID-19 infection in healthcare workers. At the center of it all – a ring, which tracks vitals such as heart rate and temperature and alerts the user that they might be getting sick without even realizing it. The study also will determine if participants go on to develop an acute COVID-19 infection and the prevalence rate in that population. Researchers hope to better identify patterns that could predict the emergence and recovery from novel infections to prevent and contain future pandemics.

Racial Inequalities in Liver Cancer Deaths Soared After Launch of Hepatitis C Drugs

A study explored racial inequalities in death from liver cancer before and after the introduction of lifesaving drugs for hepatitis C. Results showed that from 1979 to 1998, racial inequalities in mortality from liver cancer in the U.S. were declining. But, from 1998 to 2016, of the 16,770 deaths from liver cancer among blacks, the excess relative to whites increased from 27.8 percent to 45.4 percent. Concurrently, racial inequalities in death decreased for major risk factors for liver cancer, such as alcohol and diabetes.

New Algorithm Tracks Pediatric Sepsis Epidemiology Using Clinical Data

Researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) have developed a novel computational algorithm to track the epidemiology of pediatric sepsis, allowing for the collection of more accurate data about outcomes and incidence of the condition over time, which is essential to the improvement of care.

The Nose Knows: Study Establishes Airborne Exposure to Harmful Algal Blooms’ Toxins

There are no limits specific to airborne concentrations of microcystins (blue-green algae) or inhalation guidelines. Little is known about recreational and occupational exposure to these toxins. New research provides evidence of aerosol exposure to microcystins in coastal residents. Researchers detected microcystin in the nasal passages of 95 percent of the participants; some who reported no direct contact with impacted water. Results also showed higher concentrations among occupationally exposed individuals and demonstrated a relationship between nasal and water microcystin concentrations.

Pneumonia-like outbreak in China: Epidemiology expert can comment on re-emerging diseases, risk of larger spread

An expert on emerging and re-emerging diseases is available to comment on the pneumonia-like disease outbreak in Wuhan City in the Hubei province of China. Epidemiology professor Jennifer Horney can also discuss pharmaceutical and non-pharmaceutical interventions; risk of regional/ global spread; and…

Stephanie Shiau Joins the Rutgers School of Public Health

New Brunswick, NJ – The Rutgers School of Public Health is excited to announce that Stephanie Shiau, PhD, will be joining the department of biostatistics and epidemiology as an instructor in August.  Shiau’s research focuses on the effects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)…