health disparaties

Exploring Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Colorectal Cancer Screening among Patients with Diabetes

Researcher at Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey and Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School has received $400,000 in awards to help identify and overcome multi-level factors such as patient, health professionals and clinic systems affecting optimal use of colorectal cancer preventative screening options for patients with elevated medical and social risks throughout the United States.

Closing the Racial Disparity Gap in Survival After In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

In-hospital cardiac arrests (IHCA) represent catastrophic and often terminal events. Despite investments to improve the quality of resuscitation efforts, fewer than 25% of all patients that experience cardiac arrests in hospitals survive to discharge, and survival varies significantly across hospitals and by race. Until now, few have been able to specify reasons for the between-hospital differences.

Black individuals bear heavy burden of COVID-19 mortality, but key geographic disparities in health determinants exist

A new study published in the Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Innovations, Quality & Outcomes by University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers showed that Black individuals have a disproportionately higher COVID-19 mortality burden across all of the United States, which is driven by a high incidence of COVID-19 infection. They found that there are key geographic differences in the distribution of health determinants and COVID-19 mortality patterns.

Income Tied to Health Disparities in Chicago Parents

In Chicago, only 36 percent of parents with low household income reported being in better health, compared to 57 percent of parents with low to middle income and 75 percent of parents with high income, according to a survey released by Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago and the Chicago Department of Public Health (CDPH).

COVID-19 and Health Equity: Time to Think Big

Authors of a new perspective on health inequities say that, in addition to health policy and individual-level efforts, social policy solutions are needed. They identify two key lessons from the pandemic: public policy enables public health and health equity requires big investments in public policy.

NYC Subway Data Reveals Communities of Color Carry the Burden of Essential Work and COVID-19

A new study shows there was substantial social distancing inequalities throughout New York City during the COVID-19 pandemic. Researchers reported that areas with the lowest individual income and a greater percentage of non-white and/or Hispanic/Latino individuals, used the subway to a greater degree during the pandemic, and the strongest driver of subway use in communities of color was the percent of individuals in essential work. This is one of the first studies to assess the interrelationship between sociodemographic factors, mobility, and COVID-19. Findings are online in the preprint of medRxiv ahead of peer-reviewed publication.

New Georgetown Report Highlights Health Disparities and Calls for Racial Equity in the District of Columbia

Approximately three quarters of the deaths associated with COVID-19 in the nation’s capital have been among the African American community. A new Georgetown University report illuminates entrenched health and socioeconomic disparities that explain one reason this is occurring. Main points:
• 15-year difference in the life expectancy between residents in Ward 3 and Ward 8;
• Residents from Wards with more Black residents (5, 7, and 8) more likely hospitalized for preventable health conditions;
• Number of Blacks who are obese is 3x higher than Whites;
• Number of Blacks with diabetes is 7x higher than Whites;
• Number of Blacks who die from heart disease is 2.5 times higher than Whites;
• Median household income is 3x less for Blacks; and
• Blacks have the lowest percentage of bachelor degree attainment.