Socioeconomic Disparities Linked to Delayed Craniosynostosis Care

New research led by Children’s Hospital Los Angeles has found that racial and socioeconomic disparities contribute to delayed care for craniosynostosis—a rare birth defect that occurs when a baby’s skull bones close too early.In the study, being Black/African American, having public insurance and living in an economically disadvantaged area were all risk factors for presenting for a first consultation at older ages.

Study Reveals Mixed Public Opinion on Polygenic Embryo Screening for IVF

Survey reveals nearly three-quarters of U.S. adults support using emerging technology to screen embryos during IVF for risk of developing certain health conditions or traits that arise from more than one gene.

Only about one-third of respondents approved of using the technology to predict traits unrelated to disease.

Nearly all expressed concerns about potential negative outcomes for individuals or society.

Findings underscore need for public education about benefits, limitations, ethical hazards of polygenic risk scores for embryos.

American Academy of Dermatology survey shows Gen Z adults at risk for skin cancer due to increasing rates of tanning and burning

A new survey from the American Academy of Dermatology revealed that Generation Z adults, ages 18-25, are at risk for skin cancer due to increasing rates of tanning and burning. To encourage safe sun habits, the AAD is shining a spotlight on the ways that people can protect themselves from the most common and one of the most preventable types of cancer — skin cancer — this May for Skin Cancer Awareness Month.

‘MUSIC map’ reveals some brain cells age faster and are more prevalent in Alzheimer’s

Engineers at the University of California San Diego have discovered that some brain cells age more rapidly than others, and they are disproportionately abundant in individuals afflicted with Alzheimer’s disease. Additionally, researchers observed sex-specific differences in the aging process of certain brain cells, with the female cortex exhibiting a higher ratio of “old” oligodendrocytes to “old” neurons compared to the male cortex.

90% of Floridians Believe Climate Change is Happening

FAU’s latest “Florida Climate Resilience Survey” found that 90% of Floridians believe that climate change is happening. Belief in human-caused climate change has surged among Florida Independents while slipping among Republicans. Despite these changes, the survey found enduring support among Floridians for increased government action to address the consequences of a warming planet.

Using artificial intelligence to speed up and improve the most computationally-intensive aspects of plasma physics in fusion

Researchers at the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) are using artificial intelligence to perfect the design of the vessels surrounding the super-hot plasma, optimize heating methods and maintain stable control of the reaction for increasingly long periods.

KIMM lays the foundation for air quality improvement: Fine particles inside high-temperature chimneys can be measured in real time

For the first time in the country, KIMM develops the technology for real-time measurement of coarse and fine particles generated from chimneys. This new technology has been applied to domestic power plants and incinerators, marking the completion of six (6)-month long-term monitoring and demonstration

Electromagnetic wave absorbers with strong absorption and broad effective bandwidth!

Dr. Hee Jung Lee’s research team from the Department of Functional Composites in Composites Research Division at Korea Institute of Materials Science(KIMS) has successfully developed electromagnetic wave absorbers based on metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) that enhance dielectric and magnetic losses in the gigahertz (GHz) frequency band.

New technique by NUS scientists to transform waste carbon dioxide into high-value chemicals achieves cost reduction of about 30%

A team of scientists from the National University of Singapore has developed a novel technique to convert carbon dioxide (CO2) from treated flue gas directly into high-value chemicals and fuels. This innovation sidesteps the conventional approach of using high-purity CO2 for electrochemical reduction processes, achieving significant cost savings of about 30%.

Mount Sinai Study Identifies Genetic Link Between Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Parkinson’s Disease

Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have made a significant discovery, identifying genetic connections between inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and Parkinson’s disease (PD). Published in Genome Medicine on May 13, their study highlights the potential for joint therapeutic strategies to target these two challenging disorders.

Getting out of the political echo chamber

Civilized political debates may seem increasingly out of reach as democracies across the world face rising polarization, but people still want to discuss issues with people they disagree with – especially those who present themselves as balanced and willing to seek solutions that work for everyone or open to learning new information, according to two studies published by the American Psychological Association.

Alarming Rise of Electronic Vaping Use in U.S. Adolescents

A study among 57,006 adolescents shows daily electronic vapor use has significantly increased by more than three-and-one-half times from 2015 to 2019. In 2015, daily use was significantly higher in boys (2.8%) than girls (1.1%). By 2021, it was higher in girls (5.6%) than boys (4.5%).

Researchers create human aortic aneurysm model to advance disease understanding, treatment testing

There are currently no medical treatments for thoracic aortic aneurysm. Using human cells in laboratory rats, researchers have developed a functional model of thoracic aortic aneurysm, creating opportunities for more effective understanding of disease development and treatments for the potentially fatal condition, a study suggests.

Autism’s Missing Microbes May Influence Social Behavior by Protecting the Gut

For people with autism, constipation, diarrhea, and abdominal pain often go along with the social struggles and repetitive behaviors that define the condition. This has prompted many to wonder whether gastrointestinal (GI) problems arise due to autism’s behavioral or sensory features, or whether they might instead contribute to them.

Nature’s 3D printer: bristle worms form bristles piece by piece

A new interdisciplinary study led by molecular biologist Florian Raible from the Max Perutz Labs at the University of Vienna provides exciting insights into the bristles of the marine annelid worm Platynereis dumerilii. Specialized cells, so-called chaetoblasts, control the formation of the bristles. Their mode of operation is astonishingly similar to that of a technical 3D printer. The project is a collaboration with researchers from the University of Helsinki, Vienna University of Technology and Masaryk University in Brno.

Making batteries takes lots of lithium. Almost half of it could come from Pennsylvania wastewater.

A new analysis using compliance data from the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection suggests that if it could be extracted with complete efficiency, lithium from the wastewater of Marcellus shale gas wells could supply up to 40% of the country’s demand. The research is by University of Pittsburgh and National Energy Technology Laboratory scientists.

Development of technology for producing bioplastics from agricultural and food byproducts by the World Institute of Kimchi

Hae Choon Chang, President of the World Institute of Kimchi (WiKim) announced on April 22 that the institute has developed a ‘bio-refactoring-based upcycling technology’ that can convert cabbage byproducts discarded as waste during the food manufacturing process into biodegradable plastics.

The American Macular Degeneration Foundation Showcases Breakthrough AMD Research at ARVO 2024

The American Macular Degeneration Foundation supports a diverse portfolio of research investigations to advance the development of treatments, tools and usable information that improve the lives of those affected by AMD.