Understanding how native plants deal with extreme temperature, drought, and other environmental stresses offers insights into how crops can be bred to better withstand the harsh realities resulting from climate change. Ludwig and collaborators studied the genetic variation in how…
PPPL was selected to lead a DOE Energy Earthshot Research Center (EERC) as part of the Hydrogen Shot™, which aims to reduce the cost of hydrogen by 80%.
Machine learning models to identify the simplest way to screen for lung cancer have been developed by researchers from UCL and the University of Cambridge, bringing personalised screening one step closer.
A machine learning model equipped with only data on people’s age, smoking duration and the number of cigarettes smoked per day can predict lung cancer risk and identify who needs lung cancer screening, according to a new study publishing October 3rd in the open access journal PLOS Medicine by Thomas Callender of University College London, UK, and colleagues.
If it’s autumn, then it must be influenza season, which means it’s time to consider flu shots for your family.
There is a common misconception that only people who have served in the military develop post traumatic stress disorder. While PTSD is a prevalent issue for military veterans, anyone who endures trauma can experience PTSD.
Dr. Tanya Stoyanova, associate professor of molecular and medical pharmacology and urology at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA, was awarded a $350,000 Idea Development Award from the Department of Defense.
A new compound developed at the University of Illinois Chicago potentially could offer an alternative to injections for the millions of people who suffer from an eye condition that causes blindness
For the past three years, Scott Douglas, Ph.D., Kinesiology, Nutrition and Dietetics professor and a 2000 Paralympic Games bronze medalist, has been coaching two high school wheelchair athletes from Boulder.
The Robert H. Smith School of Business has launched a push to engage companies with its information systems graduate students to spur technology-based business solutions
Millions are affected by seasonal affective disorder (SAD) every year. The annual pattern of winter depression and melancholy suggests a strong link between your mood and the amount of light you get during the day, says Lina Begdache, assistant professor…
By: Patty Cox | Published: October 2, 2023 | 12:30 pm | SHARE: El Niño, the climate phenomenon characterized by warmer-than-average sea surface temperatures across the equatorial central and eastern Pacific Ocean, has far-reaching impacts on weather patterns across the globe. El Niño events can last for several months up to a year or more and typically peak in the winter months of the Northern Hemisphere, so we’re likely to see El Niño conditions continue to strengthen over the coming months, said Alyssa Atwood, an assistant professor in Florida State University’s Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Science, part of the College of Arts and Sciences.
The SAFER Banking Act is advancing in the Senate. If passed, it could give registered cannabis businesses access to small business loans and financial protections. This development comes as New York’s Office of Cannabis Management expects to issue up to…
For the third time, the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai has earned the American Medical Association (AMA) Joy in Medicine™ distinction.
Robert A. Winn, MD, became president of the Association of American Cancer Institutes (AACI) today at the conclusion of the 2023 AACI/CCAF Annual Meeting in Washington, DC. He succeeds Caryn Lerman, PhD.
Using laboratory-grown cells from humans and genetically engineered mice, scientists at Johns Hopkins Medicine say they have evidence that modifying a specific protein in immune white blood cells known as CD8+ T cells can make the cells more robust, potentially opening the door for better use of people’s own immune system T cells to fight cancer.
Using previously taken diagnostic computed tomography (CT) scans in place of CT simulation scans to plan simple palliative radiation treatments can substantially reduce the time some people spend waiting for urgent treatment, improving the patient experience, a new study suggests.
Today the U.S. Supreme Court will be hearing a case — Consumer Financial Protection Bureau v. Community Financial Services Association of America, Limited — in which the plaintiffs argue that funding the CFPB is unconstitutional. The Court’s decision could not only carry large…
A tool for evaluating the overall cost of a surgical procedure, called a scorecard, helps reduce costs of surgical procedures between 5% and 20% without adversely affecting clinical outcomes.
The Association for Diagnostics & Laboratory Medicine (ADLM) is pleased to announce that Maritel Dasco assumed the position of chief financial officer (CFO) for the association on September 25.
Article title: CFTR and PC2, partners in the primary cilia in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease Authors: Murali K. Yanda, Cristian Ciobanu, William B. Guggino, Liudmila Cebotaru From the authors: “Here we show that [cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR)]…
Article title: Dietary anions control potassium excretion: it is more than a poorly absorbable anion effect Authors: Lama Al-Qusairi, Mohammed Z. Ferdaus, Truyen D. Pham, Dimin Li, P. Richard Grimm, Ava M. Zapf, Delaney C. Abood, Ebrahim Tahaei, Eric Delpire,…
Article title: Muscle mitochondrial transplantation can rescue and maintain cellular homeostasis Authors: Debasmita Bhattacharya, Mikhaela B. Slavin, David A. Hood From the authors: “Our study illustrates the feasibility of using mouse skeletal muscle-derived mitochondria for transplantation in intraspecies- and interspecies-specific…
Article title: The impact of natural menstrual cycle and oral contraceptive pill phase on substrate oxidation during rest and acute submaximal aerobic exercise Authors: Jennifer S. Williams, Jenna C. Stone, Zaryan Masood, William Bostad, Martin J. Gibala, Maureen J. MacDonald…
Article title: Complex urban atmosphere alters alveolar stem cells niche properties and drives lung fibrosis Authors: Randa Belgacemi, Bruno Ribeiro Baptista, Grégoire Justeau, Marylène Toigo, Andrew Frauenpreis, Rojda Yilmaz, Audrey Der Vartanian, Mathieu Cazaunau, Edouard Pangui, Antonin Bergé, Aline Gratien,…
Article title: Three-dimensional mitochondria reconstructions of murine cardiac muscle changes in size across aging Authors: Zer Vue, Kit Neikirk, Larry Vang, Edgar Garza-Lopez, Trace A. Christensen, Jianqiang Shao, Jacob Lam, Heather K. Beasley, Andrea G. Marshall, Amber Crabtree, Josephs…
More than 75,000 Kaiser Permanente health care workers are poised to walk off the job in five states and the District of Columbia after labor talks failed to advance over the weekend. A coalition of unions representing Kaiser workers had…
Registration is open for the 34th National Science Bowl® (NSB), hosted by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science. Thousands of students compete in the contest annually as it has grown into one of the largest academic math and science competitions in the country.
Ochsner Health has earned Gold recognition level from the American Medical Association (AMA) as a Joy in Medicine™ recognized organization.
Ravikanth Maddipati, M.D., Assistant Professor of Internal Medicine and in Children’s Medical Center Research Institute at UT Southwestern, has been awarded $1.5 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to support research investigating positional heterogeneity in cancer, or how tumors in the same organ can behave differently based on where they form.
Nick Burton, Ph.D., has earned a five-year, nearly $2.9 million New Innovator Award from the National Institutes of Health Common Fund to find new ways to fix or prevent insulin resistance, a key driver of Type 2 diabetes.
The Virginia Tech College of Engineering has received a $10 million, five-year Department of Defense award to fund groundbreaking research with potential military and commercial implications.
Dolores Cimini, a licensed psychologist and director of the Center for Behavioral Health Promotion and Applied Research at the University at Albany and senior research scientist in the Department of Educational and Counseling Psychology.
Crop modification can be traced to the beginning of agriculture and human civilization. Native Americans, for example, developed corn from a wild grass called teosinte more than 7,000 years ago. Methods to increase crop resiliency and sustainability have evolved, and improved, over time.
During the COVID-19 pandemic, people became well aware that viruses can be extremely harmful. But can viruses also be helpful? Bryan Hsu aims to find out by studying viruses that infect bacteria in the bellies of mammals.
Researchers at Sandia National Laboratories have combined earlier work on painless microneedles with nanoscale sensors to create a wearable sensor patch capable of continuously monitoring the levels of a ‘last line of defense’ antibiotic.
A Special Issue of SLAS Discovery, Emerging Drug Discovery Ecosystems, is now available.
More than 100 Florida Power & Light (FPL) engineers attended a two-day basic electricity workshop for non-electrical engineers conducted by FAU’s College of Engineering and Computer Science.
At Halloween, if your child has allergies or asthma, they need to be aware of necessary precautions to keep them safe from sudden flares.
To help journalists and the public understand the context of this year’s Nobel Prize, AIP is compiling a resources page featuring relevant scientific papers and articles, quotes from experts, photos, multimedia, and other resources.
Circadian rhythms, the internal biological clocks that regulate our daily activities, are essential for maintaining health and well-being. While the role of transcription in these rhythms is well-established, a new study sheds light on the critical importance of post-transcriptional processes.
Faith primary schools are admitting fewer children with special educational needs and disabilities (SEND) than local authority community primaries, according to new research from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE).
Memory B cells depend on autophagy for their survival, but the protein Rubicon is thought to hinder this process. Researchers from Osaka University have discovered a shorter isoform of Rubicon called RUBCN100, which enhances autophagy in B cells.
Young people (24 years and younger) spend an average of six hours a day online, primarily using their smartphones, according to research from the University of Surrey. Older people (those 24 years and older) spend 4.6 hours online.
In order to fulfil their function, biological cells need to be divided into separate reaction compartments. This is sometimes done with membranes, and sometimes without them: the spontaneous segregation of certain types of biomolecules leads to the formation of so-called condensates.
Genetic quality or genetic compatibility? What do female fruit flies prioritize when mating? Researchers at the University of Zurich show that both factors are important at different stages of the reproductive process and that females use targeted strategies to optimize the fitness of their offspring.
Will printed photographs ever match the precision of a mirror’s reflection? Even though the answer may still be no for a while, Osaka Metropolitan University scientists have made significant strides in precision printing with their innovative optical vortex laser-based technique that allows for the precise placement of minuscule droplets with micrometer-scale accuracy.
In a common metaphor used to describe human fertilization, sperm cells are competitors racing to penetrate a passive egg. But as critics have noted, the description is also a “fairy tale,” rooted in cultural beliefs about masculinity and femininity.
Predation is a driving force in the evolution of anti-predator strategies, and death feigning, characterized by immobility in response to threats, is a common defensive mechanism across various animal species.
Sometimes simple solutions are better. It all depends on the nature of the problem. For humpback whales, the problem is the rope connecting a crab trap on the seafloor to the buoy on the surface. And for fishermen, it’s fishery closures caused by whale entanglements.