Study suggests sugary diet endangers waste-eating protein crucial to cellular repair

A high-sugar diet creates a ‘double jeopardy’ impact for a protein crucial to cellular housekeeping, a new study suggests. The protein offsets cell damage from sugar, but too much sugar renders it ineffective. The results may offer insight for reducing age-related degenerative disease.

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How Did Red Algae Survive in Extreme Environments?

Red algae have persisted in hot springs and surrounding rocks for about 1 billion years. Now, a Rutgers-led team will investigate why these single-celled extremists have thrived in harsh environments – research that could benefit environmental cleanups and the production of biofuels and other products.

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Labels can help deter soda consumption, study finds, but legislating them in U.S. no small feat

Sugar-sweetened beverage warning labels are effective in dissuading consumers from choosing them, with graphics having the greatest impact, finds a new study from the Brown School at Washington University in St. Louis. However, the United States has yet to pass legislation that would require such warning labels.

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Frequent soft drink consumption may make adolescents more aggressive

Soft drink consumption is a likely predictor of aggressive behavior, according to a new study from UAB.A study from the University of Alabama at Birmingham has shown that frequent soft drink consumption by adolescents may contribute to aggressive behavior over time.  Previous studies have shown associations between soft drink consumption and mental health problems in adolescents.

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Americans are consuming less sugar but more nonnutritive sweeteners

A new study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, published by Elsevier, found that between 2002 and 2018 purchases by US households of foods and beverages containing caloric sweetener (CS, i.e., sugar) declined while purchases of products containing both caloric sugars and nonnutritive sweeteners (NNS, i.e., sugar substitutes) increased. Beverages accounted for most of the products purchased containing NNS only or combined with CS.

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How to Make it Easier to Turn Plant Waste into Biofuels

Researchers have developed a new process that could make it much cheaper to produce biofuels such as ethanol from plant waste and reduce reliance on fossil fuels. Their approach, featuring an ammonia-salt based solvent that rapidly turns plant fibers into sugars needed to make ethanol, works well at close to room temperature, unlike conventional processes, according to a Rutgers-led study in the journal Green Chemistry.

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What candy is better for you?

As Halloween approaches, people stock up on candy for trick-or-treaters. But is there a kind of candy that is better for you than others? Vanessa Imus, a registered dietitian at UW Medicine’s Weight Loss Management Center at UW Medical Center Roosevelt Clinic, says while candy is not ideal, if you were to choose one over another to eat, something with a little bit of fat and protein, like a chocolate bar, is preferred because it’ll slow down how quickly the sugar enters your bloodstream.

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