RUDN University scientists have shown how the tissues of the digestive system change in weightlessness. The experiment was carried out on laboratory rodents that were in space flight for a month
RUDN University pharmacists modeled derivative molecules of the antibacterial levofloxacin to find out what biological functions its individual structural fragments – pharmacophores – are responsible for. This is necessary to increase the effectiveness of the drug, as bacteria become increasingly resistant to antibiotics.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory’s managing contractor, UT-Battelle, presented a donation of $186,000 to Socially Equal Energy Efficient Development, or SEEED, to support the nonprofit’s third green solar home as part of their Green Construction Program.
RUDN University ecologists and a professor from the Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST) have shown that the combustion of landfill gas in flares continues to pose a danger to the health of the environment and humans. Moreover, it is likely that the situation only gets worse after flaring
By: Amy Walden | Published: February 21, 2024 | 9:21 am | SHARE: According to the Gun Violence Archive, the United States reported 656 mass shootings in 2023. When it comes to understanding and preventing tragedies such as murder-suicides, mass shootings and terrorism, some may question why assailants in these cases are motivated to kill.
KIER has achieved advancements in the stability and efficiency of semi-transparent perovskite solar cells.
Recent research offers a fresh perspective on the revitalization of rural China through an in-depth analysis of the interconnected development of population, land, and industry in 2020. This study shines a light on the spatial dynamics and underlying factors contributing to rural disparities, providing a critical foundation for crafting scientific, effective, sustainable development strategic plan.
Health care providers who treat diabetes need to think beyond the clinical numbers, such as solely focusing on a person’s glucose goals.
Researchers evaluated the prevalence, concentration and tissue distribution of essential and non-essential trace elements, including heavy metal toxicants in tissue (blubber, kidney, liver, skeletal muscle, skin) and fecal samples. Findings reveal how toxicant levels relate to their sex, breed, age and other demographic factors.
Tuna can build up high levels of methylmercury from feeding on contaminated prey. Despite efforts to reduce mercury emissions, researchers report in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology Letters that levels in tuna appear to be unchanged.
Drugs for treating osteoporosis can be expensive and have side effects. In the search for alternative drug candidates, researchers reporting in ACS Central Science have discovered and fully replicated a compound from female ginseng that had potent anti-osteoporotic activity in cellular tests.
Historically “redlined” areas – neighborhoods with primarily Black or immigrant communities – are exposed to more air pollution than other urban neighborhoods. According to research published in ACS’ Environmental Science & Technology, the cause could relate to nearby highways or industrial parks.
Exposure to diesel exhaust particles triggers higher levels of inflammation, especially during a respiratory infection.
University of Michigan researchers find that racially biased pulse oximeter readings may further limit opportunities for Black patients with heart failure — who are already less likely to get treatment — to receive potentially lifesaving therapies, such as heart pumps and transplants.
Weedy rice is an agricultural pest with a global economic impact. It is an aggressive weed that outcompetes cultivated rice and causes billions of dollars in yield losses worldwide. A study from Washington University in St. Louis offers new insights into genetic changes that give weedy rice its edge over cultivated rice in tropical regions of the world.
Biologists have discovered a breeding population of a Cantor’s Giant Softshell Turtle, as part of conservation efforts in the south of India.
Membranes of vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (VaCNT) can be used to clean or desalinate water at high flow rate and low pressure. Recently, researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and partners carried out steroid hormone adsorption experiments to study the interplay of forces in the small pores. They found that VaCNT of specific pore geometry and pore surface structure are suited for use as highly selective membranes. The researchers report in Nature Communications. (DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-44883-2)
Little is known about colorectal cancer screening strategies throughout the Western Hemisphere, with the exception of the U.S. and Canada.
In a world where human activities have left an indelible mark on ecosystems, the preservation of species and natural landscapes has become an urgent global concern.
Regenerative therapy to treat heart failure is more effective when the mitochondria of the regenerative cells are activated prior to treatment.
For the first time, researchers from The University of Queensland (UQ) have mapped out the proteins implicated in the early stages of motor neurone disease (MND).
A team of scientists on location with a film crew in the remote Amazon has uncovered a previously undocumented species of giant anaconda.
Ciprofloxacin is the first-line drug for treating typhoid fever in many countries in Africa with a high disease burden, but the emergence of non-susceptibility poses a challenge to public health programmes.
Cycles of a diet that mimics fasting can reduce signs of immune system aging, as well as insulin resistance and liver fat in humans, resulting in a lower biological age, according to a new USC Leonard Davis School of Gerontology-led study.
Society learned about the value of mRNA during the COVID-19 pandemic when we saw scientists and medical professionals harness its power to deliver a vaccine for the virus within a year.
Any drug that is taken orally must pass through the lining of the digestive tract. Transporter proteins found on cells that line the GI tract help with this process, but for many drugs, it’s unknown which of those transporters they use to exit the digestive tract.
The recent approval of a CRISPR-Cas9 therapy for sickle cell disease demonstrates that gene editing tools can do a superb job knocking out genes to cure hereditary disease.
A recent study led by Assistant Professor Lindsay Jibb of the Lawrence Bloomberg Faculty of Nursing and Scientist at The Hospital for Sick Children (SickKids) found that parents of young children with cancer, along with pediatric cancer clinicians are in favour of an app-based solution that Jibb and her team are creating, to help parents manage their child’s cancer pain at home.
Published today in Nature Climate Change, the study found that exported used vehicles generate at least 13-53% more emissions per mile than those that are scrapped or on the road in Great Britain.
Fish exposed to some pesticides at extremely low concentrations for a brief period of time can demonstrate lasting behavioral changes, with the impact extending to offspring that were never exposed firsthand, a recent study found.
Buprenorphine, a life-saving medication for opioid use disorder, is far less accessible in geographic areas of the United States with racially and ethnically diverse populations than in predominantly white areas, according to a new study of pre-pandemic data led by health policy scientists at the University of Pittsburgh School of Public Health published today in Journal of Addiction Medicine.
Our immune system is remarkably powerful. It quickly assembles teams of cells to eliminate threats inside our bodies.
Our immune system is remarkably powerful. It quickly assembles teams of cells to eliminate threats inside our bodies.
A new analysis method can detect pathogens in blood samples faster and more accurately than blood cultures, which are the current state of the art for infection diagnosis. The new method, called digital DNA melting analysis, can produce results in under six hours, whereas culture typically requires 15 hours to several days, depending on the pathogen.
Scientists at the University of California San Diego and CEA-Leti have developed a ground-breaking piezoelectric-based DC-DC converter that unifies all power switches onto a single chip to increase power density. This new power topology, which extends beyond existing topologies, blends the advantages of piezoelectric converters with capacitive-based DC-DC converters.
As novas tecnologias estão melhorando o tratamento do câncer de pâncreas, oferecendo esperança aos pacientes que enfrentam uma das formas de câncer mais letais. O procedimento de Whipple, uma cirurgia complexa para o câncer de pâncreas localizado, agora pode ser feito roboticamente.
Wake Forest University School of Medicine has launched a new Translational Eye and Vision Research Center, located inside Biotech Place, in Innovation Quarter in Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Leaders envision the center serving as a visionary hub that will redefine the landscape of eye and vision research.
Siteman Cancer Center, based at Barnes-Jewish Hospital and Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, is one of the first centers nationwide to offer a newly approved cell-based immunotherapy that targets melanoma.
The February 2024 edition of Mercy Medical Center’s monthly talk show, “Medoscopy,” takes a look at The Centering Pregnancy Program with guests Mercy certified nurse midwife Kia Hollis and her patient, Jnai Player.
Established in 2003, SRC is a nonprofit patient safety organization committed to healthcare excellence. Status as an accredited Center of Excellence means each hospital has met nationally and internationally recognized standards.
To meet the rising demand for renewable diesel fuel, the U.S. soybean market is rapidly changing. A group of Iowa State University students recently spent a week studying soybean supply chains in person, a trip that stretched from Midwestern processing plants to Pacific Northwest ports.
For the past 38 years, Case Western Reserve University (CWRU) and University Hospitals (UH) have worked closely with a variety of institutions in Uganda to advance medical research and education across a range of fields.
Their facilities have remained scattered across the campuses of local partners but now, the collaboration will have a permanent home.
A $2 million gift from The Roe Green Foundation, jointly awarded to CWRU and UH, will advance global health initiatives from each institution and establish a state-of-the-art research hub and gathering place in Uganda’s capital, Kampala: the Case Western Reserve University and University Hospitals Roe Green Medical Education and Research Building.
Microalgae in water are responsible for roughly 50% of the photosynthesis that converts carbon dioxide from the atmosphere into organic carbon. Researchers have now quantified the activity in the microbiome associated with these microalgae to investigate how the microbiome’s members process and exchange carbon and nitrogen from algal cells. They used isotopes and high-resolution imaging mass spectrometry to quantify these exchanges at the single-cell level.
Las nuevas tecnologías están mejorando el tratamiento del cáncer de páncreas, ofreciendo esperanza a los pacientes que enfrentan una de las formas de cáncer más letales. El procedimiento de Whipple, una cirugía compleja para el cáncer de páncreas localizado, ahora se puede hacer robóticamente.
As the only pediatric heart transplant program in Louisiana and the only program in the state to offer advanced mechanical support options for pediatric cardiology patients, Ochsner Children’s Hospital is committed to advocating for additional medical devices to enhance its high-quality care to pediatric patients awaiting transplant.
After serving in the U.S. Army for 24 years, Lt. Col. Brandy Clayton seamlessly transitioned from military nurse educator to civilian professor through the DOD SkillBridge program, finding her new home at UWF Usha Kundu, MD College of Health School of Nursing.
Two teams of engineers led by faculty in the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis will work toward developing products to monitor drinking water quality and to detect explosives with an electronic nose with one-year, $650,000 Convergence Accelerator Phase 1 grants from the National Science Foundation (NSF).
Middle Tennessee State University’s Quantum Science Initiative is taking more giant leaps with two new grants — totaling more than $1 million — from the National Science Foundation to expand research, education and inclusivity in quantum education.
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today announced awards totaling $61 million for small businesses in 17 states. The 50 projects funded by DOE’s Office of Science include the development of advanced scientific instruments, advanced materials, and clean energy conversion and storage technologies that will conduct climate research and advance the Biden-Harris Administration’s goal of a net-zero emissions economy.
Older people may be at greater risk of developing pancreatic cancer and have poorer prognoses because of age-related changes in cells in the pancreas called fibroblasts, according to research led by investigators from the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center, the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Bloomberg~Kimmel Institute for Cancer Immunotherapy.