Studying brain activity of swallowing helps researchers understand aging, disease

Researchers at the Beckman Institute for Advanced Science and Technology, Carle Hospital, and Purdue University teamed up to develop a new imaging tool that will improve our understanding of how the brain controls swallowing in both healthy patients and those experiencing a swallowing-related disorder. Their work will be funded by a five-year grant expected to total $2.8 million from the National Institute on Aging of the National Institutes of Health.

JMIR Formative Research | Demonstrating Fetal Head Moldability and Brain Compression

JMIR Publications published “Using Magnetic Resonance Imaging During Childbirth to Demonstrate Fetal Head Moldability and Brain Compression: Prospective Cohort Study“ in their journal JMIR Formative Research, which mentions that improvements in risk assessment and anticipatory interventions are constantly needed. The…

Researchers Unveil New Collection of Human Brain Atlases that Chart Postnatal Development

Human brain atlases can be used by medical professionals to track normative trends over time and to pinpoint crucial aspects of early brain development. By using these atlases, they are able to see what typical structural and functional development looks like, making it easier for them to spot the symptoms of abnormal development, such as attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), dyslexia, and cerebral palsy.

Researchers combine data science and machine learning techniques to improve traditional MRI image reconstruction

University of Minnesota Twin Cities researchers have found a way to improve the performance of traditional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) reconstruction techniques, allowing for faster MRIs without relying on the use of newer deep learning methods.

New Research on MRI Biomarkers May Aid in Evaluating Potential Treatments for Peripheral Nerve Diseases

Jun Li, M.D., Ph.D., professor and chair of the Department of Neurology at the Wayne State University School of Medicine, recently received a $246,172 R-21 grant from the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to develop new strategies for assessing appropriate treatments of peripheral nerve diseases.


Why do some adolescents take more risks than others?

New research from University of Delaware Biomedical Engineer Curtis Johnson and graduate student Grace McIlvain suggests that two centers in the adolescent brain, one that makes them want to take risks and the other prevents them from acting on those impulses, physically mature at different rates and that adolescents with large differences in the rate of development between these two brain regions are more likely to be risk-takers.


The June 4, 2020, issue of the weekly Johns Hopkins Medicine research newsletter on topics NOT related to COVID19. Stories this week: study shows pollutant may be more hazardous than previously thought; psilocybin tampers the brain’s ego center; and getting urban youth to wear bike helmets.