Dr. Maze is a neurobiologist focused on delineating the molecular and biochemical mechanisms of neuroepigenetic plasticity, the adaptive or maladaptive (in the case of disease) changes in the underlying biochemical mechanisms that control whether genes are turned on or off within a given cell-type in the brain. Such plasticity is important for allowing brain cells to appropriately respond to changing environments, which is critical for proper neurodevelopment and which can cause disease when there is inappropriate tuning of gene expression. His research program integrates cutting-edge biochemical, chemical biology, and genomics approaches with functional neurobiological phenotyping to better understand the impact of chromatin regulatory processes that contribute to neural development, plasticity and disease.
“Dr. Maze embodies the culture of innovation, the passion for pushing the boundaries of knowledge, and the courage to take risks and embrace the unknown that we pride ourselves on here at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai,” said Dennis S. Charney, MD, Anne and Joel Ehrenkranz Dean of the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and President for Academic Affairs of the Mount Sinai Health System. “We are proud and so pleased that HHMI has selected him as one of their newest HHMI Investigators and look forward to the many important contributions he is sure to continue to make in the field of neuroscience.”
Unlike most awards that fund projects, the HHMI Investigator program supports approximately 250 individual researchers who are known for their scientific discoveries and innovation. HHMI investigators receive generous funding over the initial seven-year appointment, which may be renewed for additional terms. In addition to funding an investigator’s full salary, benefits, and research budget, the institute covers other expenses, including research space and the purchase of critical equipment. This long-term, flexible funding gives investigators the freedom to explore and even change direction in their research endeavors.
“Dr. Maze is an outstanding scientist who has made significant contributions to the field of neuroscience and epigenetics in his career already,” said Eric J. Nestler, MD, PhD, Dean for Academic and Scientific Affairs, Nash Family Professor of Neuroscience, and Director of The Friedman Brain Institute at Mount Sinai. “We are thrilled that HHMI has recognized his excellence and look forward to seeing what scientific discoveries will come from the flexibility, freedom, and connectivity this incredible honor will afford him, thereby benefitting the Mount Sinai neuroscience community and beyond. The fact that Dr. Maze was a graduate student in my laboratory well over a decade ago makes me especially happy for him on this great honor.”
A Spotlight on Dr. Maze’s Game-ChangingResearch:
It is known that serotonin and dopamine govern our moods, our motivations, and our movements, with these neurotransmitters reining in or spurring on the signals that race through the brain’s neural circuits.
Dr. Maze is more interested in what else they are doing in the brain. “What if this is only half the story?” he asks. Inside neurons, Dr. Maze has found something surprising: serotonin and dopamine clinging to DNA-packaging proteins called histones. There, the tag-along molecules act as regulatory marks that influence which genes get switched on.
Scientists knew that cells can regulate gene activity by decorating the genome with certain chemicals, but no one knew that these chemicals included serotonin and dopamine. Dr. Maze’s findings on serotonin and dopamine, published in the journals Nature and Science, respectively, suggest that these chemical marks may have implications for brain function and psychiatric health. For example, his team has discovered that they may play a role in driving drug addiction.
His lab has also reported that some of the chemical relatives of serotonin and dopamine can also attach themselves to histones. He is now studying this family of chemicals, called monoamines, to understand how, when, and where they link up with histones, as well as how the cell’s machinery “reads” them once they are in position.
Dr. Maze’s team is also looking beyond the chemical marks’ unexpected impact on gene regulation to investigate what happens when they glom on to other proteins in the brain.
“We are excited to be at the forefront of this burgeoning field,” says Dr. Maze. “The HHMI appointment will make it possible for me and my team to develop new tools and methods that make it possible to ask and answer these previously unapproached questions. I am extremely grateful and excited to join the HHMI team and to continue to mentor and train the next generation of young scientists in my field.”
“Dr. Maze is a highly innovative scientist and his research will undoubtedly yield new insights into the complex gene regulatory processes that regulate brain function. His work will also foster cutting-edge translational science that will, hopefully, lead to new medications for the treatment of brain disorders. We are delighted that HHMI has recognized his exceptional talent,” says Paul Kenny, PhD, Chair of the Department of Neuroscience at Icahn Mount Sinai. “This prestigious recognition highlights one of our stars and underscores the world-class neuroscience community here at Mount Sinai.”
About the Mount Sinai Health System
The Mount Sinai Health System is New York City’s largest academic medical system, encompassing eight hospitals, a leading medical school, and a vast network of ambulatory practices throughout the greater New York region. We advance medicine and health through unrivaled education and translational research and discovery to deliver care that is the safest, highest-quality, most accessible and equitable, and the best value of any health system in the nation. The Health System includes approximately 7,300 primary and specialty care physicians; 13 free-standing joint-venture centers; more than 410 ambulatory practices throughout the five boroughs of New York City, Westchester, and Long Island; and more than 30 affiliated community health centers. The Mount Sinai Hospital is ranked in U.S. News & World Report’s “Honor Roll” of the top 20 U.S. hospitals and among the top in the nation by specialty: No. 1 in Geriatrics and top 20 in Cardiology/Heart Surgery, Diabetes/Endocrinology, Gastroenterology/GI Surgery, Neurology/Neurosurgery, Orthopedics, Pulmonology/Lung Surgery, Urology, and Rehabilitation. Mount Sinai Kravis Children’s Hospital is ranked in U.S. News & World Report’s “Best Children’s Hospitals” among the country’s best in four out of 10 pediatric specialties. New York Eye and Ear Infirmary of Mount Sinai is ranked among the Top 20 nationally for ophthalmology. The Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai is one of three medical schools that have earned distinction by multiple indicators: ranked in the top 20 by U.S. News & World Report’s “Best Medical Schools,” aligned with a U.S. News & World Report “Honor Roll” Hospital, and No. 14 in the nation for National Institutes of Health funding. Newsweek’s “The World’s Best Smart Hospitals” ranks The Mount Sinai Hospital as No. 1 in New York and top five globally, and Mount Sinai Morningside as top 20 globally, and “The World’s Best Specialized Hospitals” ranks Mount Sinai Heart as No. 1 in New York and No. 5 globally and the Division of Gastroenterology as No. 5 globally. For more information, visit https://www.mountsinai.org or find Mount Sinai on Facebook, Twitter and YouTube.