Using a volcano’s eruption ‘memory’ to forecast dangerous follow-on explosions

Stromboli, the ‘lighthouse of the Mediterranean’, is known for its low-energy but persistent explosive eruptions, behaviour that is known scientifically as Strombolian activity. Occasionally, however, more intense and sudden explosions occur, most recently in July and August last year (2019). These are known as ‘Strombolian paroxysms’. During such events several of Stromboli’s craters are active simultaneously and much greater volumes of pyroclastic materials are erupted than is usual for the volcano.

Michigan Tech volcanic gases expert available to comment on New Zealand’s White Island eruption

Simon Carn, professor in Michigan Technological University’s Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences, focuses on volcanic degassing and volcanic eruption clouds. Carn’s research uses space-borne sensors to detect changes at volcanoes around the world. Carn is able to comment…