Virtual and Augmented Reality in Neurosurgery is the Topic of the August 2021 Issue of Neurosurgical Focus

Charlottesville, VA (August 1, 2021). The August issue of Neurosurgical Focus (Vol. 51, No. 2 []) presents twenty articles and two editorials on the use of virtual and augmented reality in the planning and execution of neurosurgical procedures as well as in the training of neurosurgeons.

Topic Editors: Walter C. Jean, Gavin W. Britz, Francesco DiMeco, Adrian Elmi-Terander, and Cameron McIntyre

Contents of the August issue:

“Introduction. Virtual and augmented reality in neurosurgery: a timeline” by Walter C. Jean et al.

“Editorial. Long-term solutions in neurosurgery using extended reality technologies” by Gagandeep Singh et al.

“Augmented reality head-mounted display–based incision planning in cranial neurosurgery: a prospective pilot study” by Michael E. Ivan et al.

“Augmented reality–assisted roadmaps during periventricular brain surgery” by Florian Bernard et al.

“Supratentorial high-grade gliomas: maximal safe anatomical resection guided by augmented reality high-definition fiber tractography and fluorescein” by Sabino Luzzi et al.

“Editorial. The evolution of adjuvant surgical tools in aiding maximal safe anatomical resection” by Gavin W. Britz

“Augmented reality navigation for cranial biopsy and external ventricular drain insertion by Simon Skyrman et al.

“The effect of augmented reality on the accuracy and learning curve of external ventricular drain placement” by Frederick Van Gestel et al.

“Cognitive versus virtual reality simulation for evaluation of technical skills in neurosurgery” by Steven Knafo et al.

“First in-human report of the clinical accuracy of thoracolumbar percutaneous pedicle screw placement using augmented reality guidance” by Alexander T. Yahanda et al.

“Real-time navigation guidance with intraoperative CT imaging for pedicle screw placement using an augmented reality head-mounted display: a proof-of-concept study” by Daniel S. Yanni

“Microsurgical clipping of middle cerebral artery aneurysms: preoperative planning using virtual reality to reduce procedure time” by Thomas C. Steineke and Daniela Barbery

“Study of comparative surgical exposure to the petroclival region using patient-specific, petroclival meningioma virtual reality models” by Walter C. Jean et al.

“Fully automatic brain tumor segmentation for 3D evaluation in augmented reality” by Tim Fick et al.

“A systematic review of virtual reality for the assessment of technical skills in neurosurgery” by Justin Chan et al.

“Virtual dissection of the real brain: integration of photographic 3D models into virtual reality andts effect on neurosurgical resident education” by Tae Hoon Roh et al.

“Efficacy of a virtual reality–based basic and clinical fused curriculum for clinical education on the lumbar intervertebral disc” by Fangfang Qi et al.

“Randomized study comparing 3D virtual reality and conventional 2D on-screen teaching of cerebrovascular anatomy” by Ladina Greuter et al.

“Evaluation of the effect of standard neuronavigation and augmented reality on the integrity of the perifocal structures during a neurosurgical approach” by Alioucha Davidovic et al.

“Three-dimensional–printed marker–based augmented reality neuronavigation: a new neuronavigation technique” by Gorkem Yavas et al.

“Development of an inside-out augmented reality technique for neurosurgical navigation” by Yun-Sik Dho et al.

“Holographic mixed-reality neuronavigation with a head-mounted device: technical feasibility and clinical application” by Ziyu Qi et al.

“Simulation of surgery for supratentorial gliomas in virtual reality using a 3D volume rendering technique: a poor man’s neuronavigation” by Jaskaran Singh Gosal et al.

 “Letter to the Editor. Pedicular resection for ventrally situated spinal tumors” by Andrei Fernandes Joaquim

“Letter to the Editor. Social media in neurosurgery recruitment during COVID-19 and beyond” by Nolan J. Brown et al.


Please join us in reading this month’s issue of Neurosurgical Focus.




For additional information, please contact Ms. Jo Ann M. Eliason, Communications Manager, Journal of Neurosurgery Publishing Group, One Morton Drive, Suite 200, Charlottesville, VA 22903; Email: [email protected] Phone 434-982-1209.

Neurosurgical Focus, an online-only, monthly, peer-reviewed journal, covers a different neurosurgery-related topic in depth each month and is available free to all readers at Enhanced by color images and video clips, each issue constitutes a state-of-the-art “textbook chapter” in the field of neurosurgery. Neurosurgical Focus is one of six journals published by the JNS Publishing Group, the scholarly journal division of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons. Other peer-reviewed journals published by the JNS Publishing Group each month include Journal of Neurosurgery, Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, Journal of Neurosurgery: Pediatrics, Neurosurgical Focus: Video, and Journal of Neurosurgery: Case Lessons. All six journals can be accessed at

Founded in 1931 as the Harvey Cushing Society, the American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS) is a scientific and educational association with more than 10,000 members worldwide. The AANS is dedicated to advancing the specialty of neurological surgery in order to provide the highest quality of neurosurgical care to the public. All active members of the AANS are certified by the American Board of Neurological Surgery, the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons (Neurosurgery) of Canada, or the Mexican Council of Neurological Surgery, AC. Neurological surgery is the medical specialty concerned with the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of disorders that affect the entire nervous system including the brain, spinal column, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves. For more information, visit