Glycans in the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein play active role in infection

As researchers try to develop therapies/vaccines to combat SARS-CoV-2, the coronavirus spike protein is a major focus since it can bind to cells. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Central Science have uncovered an active role for glycans in this process, suggesting targets for vaccines and therapies.

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Study Reveals New Targets for Next-Generation COVID-19 Vaccines and Tests, Beyond Antibodies

This clinical trial increased an understanding of how T cells mount a response to COVID-19 infection. These findings pave the way for diagnostic tests that detect COVID immunity based on T cells instead of antibodies. Research demonstrates that generating neutralizing antibodies rather than T cells, may not be sufficient for long-term immunity. New discoveries suggest that vaccines will need to incorporate T cell targets to generate lasting COVID-19 immunity.

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