A groundbreaking study found that stem cells reduce the amount of virus causing AIDS, boost the body’s antiviral immunity, and restore the gut’s lymphoid follicles damaged by HIV. It provided a roadmap for multi-pronged HIV eradication strategies.
Some primates can carry SIV, a virus resembling HIV, lifelong and yet not develop AIDS. They are able to repair SIV damage to intestinal mucous tissues and avoid escape of gut bacteria and other events leading to immune system exhaustion. The findings offer clues for new HIV treatments