Superconducting Electronics Show Promise for Future Collider Experiments

When superconductors encounter too much current, they can become resistive. Researchers can design microscopic electronic components that use this effect to create a switch, like a transistor. The resulting nanowire superconducting switching devices (called nano-cryotrons, or nTrons) show promise for future superconducting electronics or particle detectors.

It’s the spin that makes the difference

Biomolecules such as amino acids and sugars occur in two mirror-image forms – in all living organisms, however, only one is ever found. Why this is the case is still unclear. Researchers at Empa and Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany have now found evidence that the interplay between electric and magnetic fields could be at the origin of this phenomenon.

Oxide Interfaces Put New Twist on Electron Spins

Electrons in magnetic solids feel each other as an effective magnetic field that forces the electrons’ spins to align. If the arrangement of atoms is not fully symmetric, an additional magnetic force known as Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction (DMI) can emerge, forcing the spins to reorient and form whirling patterns called skyrmions. Researchers joined two different materials to enable skyrmion generation.

The Mechanism Of Cosmic Magnetic Fields Explored in the Laboratory

Recent research shows that magnetic fields can spontaneously emerge in a plasma if the plasma has a temperature anisotropy. This mechanism is known as the Weibel instability. This new research is the first to unambiguously observe the Weibel instability in the laboratory. It offers a possible solution to the problem of the origin of the microgauss-level magnetic fields that permeate the galaxies.

Scientists Take Control of Magnetism at the Microscopic Level

Atoms in magnetic materials are organized into regions called magnetic domains. Within each domain, the electrons have spins that point in the same direction. Researchers have developed a magnetic material whose thickness determines whether the walls between domains have the same or alternating spin chirality, or handedness. This study demonstrates a way to change the rotational direction and occurrence of domain wall pairs, a finding that could lead to technologies based on spintronics.

Adapting Magnetometers for Noisy, Physically Demanding Environments

Researchers routinely measure magnetic fields to better understand a vast array of natural phenomena. Many of these measurements are performed in shielded environments, but the research community has achieved these sensitive measurements in extreme environments as well as outside of highly controlled environments. In AVS Quantum Science, researchers discuss ways in which various predominantly optically pumped magnetometer technologies have been adapted for use in a wide range of noisy and physically demanding environments.

Quantum Materials Quest Could Benefit From Graphene That Buckles

Graphene, an extremely thin two-dimensional layer of the graphite used in pencils, buckles when cooled while attached to a flat surface, resulting in beautiful pucker patterns that could benefit the search for novel quantum materials and superconductors, according to Rutgers-led research in the journal Nature. Quantum materials host strongly interacting electrons with special properties, such as entangled trajectories, that could provide building blocks for super-fast quantum computers. They also can become superconductors that could slash energy consumption by making power transmission and electronic devices more efficient.