Researchers from the University of Sherbrooke, Canada, tested the effects of a 12-week HIIT regimen on the physiological parameters—specifically gene expression in monocytes—of women with type 2 diabetes who developed cardiovascular disease. The findings show HIIT reduced the expression of 56 genes known to be associated with inflammation. This suggests HIIT could mitigate inflammation, resulting in favorable physiological adaptions in women with type 2 diabetes.
People who exercise by walking at their own pace burn fat most efficiently, according to researchers at Memorial University of Newfoundland, Canada.
Researchers from the Education University of Hong Kong discovered four different types of exercise—HIIT, high-intensity interval running, moderate-intensity continuous cycling and moderate-intensity continuous running—resulted in similar positive effects on cognitive (executive) function in healthy young men.
“We are asking how many HIIT sessions do we need to elicit a medically meaningful change in fitness in clinical patients,” said researchers from the University of Otago, New Zealand. Findings suggest preoperative HIIT reduces complications during recovery after surgery. The study also indicates better physical fitness improves the holistic quality of life in patients, making them more resilient and the activities of daily living more manageable.