Clinical advances include treating hematologic cancers with effective targeted therapies, circulating tumor DNA as a biomarker for recurrence with colorectal liver metastases, and using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to guide surgical decisions for patients with lateral pelvic lymph node metastases in rectal cancer. Laboratory findings offer new understanding of the pancreatic cancer immune microenvironment, melanoma cell states, TP53 mutation status in acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and potential targets for metastatic prostate cancer and GNAS-mutant colorectal cancer.
The National Cancer Institute (NCI) recently awarded Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) with a prestigious Specialized Programs of Research Excellence (SPORE) grant for leukemia research. The Translational Research Program (TRP) is the home of the SPOREs — a cornerstone of NCI’s efforts to promote collaborative, interdisciplinary translational cancer research.
The research team has discovered that for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients, there is a dopamine receptor pathway that becomes abnormally activated in the cancer stem cells. This inspired the clinical investigation of a dopamine receptor-inhibiting drug thioridazine as a new therapy for patients, and their focus on adult AML has revealed encouraging results.
Scientists have identified two drugs that are potent against acute myeloid leukemia (AML) when combined, but only weakly effective when used alone. The researchers were able to significantly enhance cancer cell death by jointly administering the drugs that are only partially effective when used as single-agent therapies.
Today, during the ASH Annual Meeting and Exposition, Eunice Wang, MD, Chief of Leukemia and Director of Infusion Services at Roswell Park Comprehensive Cancer Center, is presenting data on two ongoing studies incorporating new treatment options for AML.
NCCN and the NCCN Foundation announce five new recipients for the 10th annual NCCN Foundation Young Investigator Awards (YIA) Program, overseen by the NCCN Oncology Research Program (ORP)
The cardioprotective drug dexrazoxane preserved cardiac function in pediatric patients undergoing chemotherapy for acute myeloid leukemia (AML) without compromising overall patient survival and potentially improving it, according to a new study by researchers at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP). The results suggest dexrazoxane should be considered for cardioprotection in all pediatric patients undergoing standard chemotherapy for AML.
Deep DNA sequencing analysis conducted by Rutgers Cancer Institute of New Jersey investigators examining genomic differences within tumors for prediction of disease relapse in certain hematologic malignancies has identified small mutations. These may help further guide treatment decision making for patients.
A Phase II study pairing azacitidine with enasidenib boosts complete remission in patients with AML with IDH2 mutations.