A New Pathway: Researchers Identify Potential Treatment Target for Crohn’s Disease

There is no cure for the more than 1.6 million people in the United States living with Crohn’s disease (CD) and its symptoms, including abdominal pain, intestinal distress and severe weight-loss. CD is a form of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in which the body’s own immune system attacks the gastrointestinal tract, and treatment is focused on controlling the symptoms of the disease in its acute phase and managing it in remission. But recently, researchers at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine identified a pathway in the immune system activated in CD and which holds promise for investigating new treatments.

Improved Imaging Technique Could Increase Chances of Prostate Cancer Survival

According to the American Cancer Society, approximately one in nine men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. It’s both the second most common cancer and second most common cause of cancer death in American men. Early detection is critical and can increase a man’s chances of survival.

A Rensselaer researcher recently received the latest in a series of grants aimed at advancing current imaging technology, and developing new tools for diagnosis and treatment delivery. The most recent award, from the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering, will help him improve an image fusion technique — currently used clinically to enable biopsies for diagnosis — without external tracking devices.

GW Researchers Identify Barriers to Fungal Infection Diagnosis

A new survey from the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences, published in the Journal of Drugs in Dermatology, identifies several barriers that prevent the consistent use of fungal diagnostic preparations to correctly identify cutaneous fungal infections.

$14 million grant to expand chemistry and materials research capabilities at Argonne National Lab

Mark Schlossman, professor of physics at the University of Illinois at Chicago, has received a $14.1 million, five-year grant from the National Science Foundation to expand the experimental capabilities at NSF’s Chemistry and Materials Center for Advanced Radiation Sources, also known as NSF’s ChemMatCARS. Schlossman is the principal investigator on the grant.

New Study Examines Wilms’ Tumor Relapse and May Give Clues to about Which Other Childhood Cancers Could Relapse

Today, researchers from MSK Kids at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) published results that examine elevated levels of a protein called prohibitin in the urine and tumors of children with Wilms’ tumors. Their findings could help doctors identify children who are at risk for disease recurrence and precisely tailor treatment to overcome drug resistance.

‘Exercise as Medicine’ for Depression – A Key But Often Overlooked Role In Prevention And Treatment

Exercise training and increased physical activity are effective for both prevention and treatment of depression, concludes a research review in the August issue of Current Sports Medicine Reports, official journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.

Researchers Hack One of the World’s Most Secure Industrial Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC)

Israeli researchers have managed to take control of a Siemens programmable logic controller (PLC), considered to be one of the safest controllers in the world. PLCs are used in a wide spectrum of operations including power stations, water pumps, vehicles, and smart homes.

Precision Matters

Samplla™, a family of specimen collection devices which are designed to provide ambient transportation for up to 21 days. Specimens applied to Samplla™ are immediately “dried and stabilized” within a local atmospheric condition using its Samplla Modified Atmosphere Packaging (sMAP), that provides an atmosphere separated from the ambient atmosphere and resistant to gas exchange – the result, stability. Samplla™ S device, the first product of this line of products was perfected to collect, transport and store bodily fluid specimens.

Self healing robots that “feel pain”

Over the next three years, researchers from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, University of Cambridge, École Supérieure de Physique et de Chimie Industrielles de la ville de Paris (ESPCI-Paris) and Empa will be working together with the Dutch Polymer manufacturer SupraPolix on the next generation of robots: (soft) robots that ‘feel pain’ and heal themselves. The partners can count on 3 million Euro in support from the European Commission.

Scientists from Russia and Slovakia examine the role of enzymes in stress regulation mechanisms

Scientists of South Ural State University are studying enzymes that can break down stress hormones. They are also finding a way to regulate the activity of these enzymes. It will help to cure diseases caused by stress. It is a joint research between SUSU and the Institute of Molecular Physiology and Genetics, and the Institute of Experimental Endocrinology of the Slovak Academy of Sciences (Slovakia, Bratislava). The primary results of the study were published in one of the most widespread scientific publications among stress experts the journal Stress

Sleep, snacks and shiftwork

If you’re one of Australia’s 1.4 million shiftworkers, eating at irregular times is just par for the course – but have you ever stopped to think about the impact this might have on your body?

In a new research study by the University of South Australia, researchers have investigated whether altering food intake during the nightshift could optimise how shiftworkers feel during the night and reduce their sleepiness.

Return to Play After a Concussion is 19 Days

With NFL training camps under way for the 2019 season, a Henry Ford Hospital study on concussions found that the time players are sidelined has nearly doubled in the past 20 years.

Sports medicine researchers at Henry Ford evaluated data from the 2012-2015 seasons and found that players who sustained a concussion returned to play on average 19 days later. That’s the equivalent of missing about 1 ½ games.

When players returned to play, however, researchers found no significant decline in performance up to three years after injury compared to those who didn’t sustain a concussion. The study specifically evaluated data involving NFL running backs and wide receivers.

Mayo Clinic et Boston Scientific déploient leurs efforts pour accélérer la mise au point d’une nouvelle technologie médicale répondant à des besoins médicaux non satisfaits

Mayo Clinic et Boston Scientific Corp. ont lancé une nouvelle initiative pour accélérer le développement d’une nouvelle technologie médicale avec des nouveaux traitements peu invasifs pour de nombreuses problèmes de santé qui nuisent à la qualité et à la longévité de la vie.

Mercy Medical Center Recognized for Excellence in Orthopedics

Mercy has achieved the Healthgrades’ America’s 100 Best Hospitals for Orthopedic Surgery Award™ for 2018-2019 (two years in a row) and 100 Best for Spine Surgery as well (three years in a row). In addition to this honor, Mercy has been recognized by U.S. News & World Report’s “Best Hospitals” ranking for 2019-2020, named “High Performing” in Geriatrics (Nationally, Adult Specialties) and in both Hip Replacement and Knee Replacement (Common Adult Procedure and Condition Ratings).

Johns Hopkins APL Named to Fast Company’s Inaugural Best Workplaces for Innovators List

The Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, has been named to the inaugural Fast Company Best Workplaces for Innovators list. APL’s history of solving tough technical problems dates back to 1942, when the Laboratory developed a variable timing fuze that revolutionized air defense and helped turn the tide of World War II. Today, the Lab’s work spans from deep sea to deep space, encompassing complex systems vital to national security and health, including breakthroughs in machine learning and artificial intelligence.

Earthquake or underground explosion?

Sandia National Laboratories researchers, as part of a group of National Nuclear Security Administration scientists, have wrapped up years of field experiments to improve the United States’ ability to differentiate earthquakes from underground explosions, key knowledge needed to advance the nation’s monitoring and verification capabilities for detecting underground nuclear explosions.