Researchers calculate soil freezing depth from satellite data

A team of researchers from the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), the Institute for Water and Environmental Problems of the Siberian Branch of RAS, and the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) has proposed a way to determine soil freezing depth based on satellite microwave radiometry. The findings were published in Studying the Earth From Space*, a Russian-language journal of RAS.

Seven ORNL researchers receive DOE early career funding awards

Seven Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers representing a range of scientific disciplines have received Department of Energy’s Office of Science Early Career Research Program awards. The Early Career Research Program, now in its tenth year, supports the development of individual research programs of outstanding scientists early in their careers and stimulates research careers in the disciplines supported by the DOE Office of Science.

Texas Biomed Announces New Faculty Member

Texas Biomedical Research Institute has recruited a new faculty member to San Antonio. Diako Ebrahimi, Ph.D., begins his new position today as Assistant Professor at Texas Biomed. He will establish his own research program in quantitative biology related to the fields of viral and cancer immunology and also collaborate on research projects with Texas Biomed Faculty. Dr. Ebrahimi’s recruitment is part of the Institute’s 10-year strategic plan to recruit nearly 20 new faculty members and double the size of the Institute.

How Little We Know: Experts Document the Lack of Research on Youth Firearm Injury

A national team of experts has published the largest-ever examination of the state of research on all aspects of youth firearm injury – whether intentional, unintentional or self-inflicted. The bottom-line conclusion: Far more research, and better research, is needed on children, teens and the prevention and aftermath of firearm injuries and deaths.

أعراض الاحتراق النفسي المرتبط بالتمييز العنصري لدى الأطباء المقيمين

مدينة روتشستر، مينيسوتا. — وجد باحثو Mayo Clinic علاقة بين زيادة أعراض الاحتراق النفسي وزيادة التمييز العنصري لدى الأطباء المقيمين. تظهر الدراسة في المجلة الطبية JAMA Network Open “شبكة مجلة الجمعية الطبية الأمريكية المفتوحة”.

Despite Treatment, Elderly Cancer Patients Have Worse Outcomes if HIV-Positive

Elderly cancer patients who are HIV-positive, particularly those with prostate and breast cancers, have worse outcomes compared to cancer patients in the same age range who do not have HIV. A Moffitt Cancer Center researcher, in collaboration with investigators at the National Cancer Institute, Duke University, and Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, took a closer look at the disparity, factoring in whether or not cancer treatment had an impact on outcomes among this patient population. Their findings were published today in JAMA Oncology.

Discovery of distinct lung cancer pathways may lead to more targeted treatments

Known for its poor prognosis, lung adenocarcinoma is the most common type of lung cancer, responsible for about 4 of 10 diagnoses, according to the National Cancer Institute. Researchers on Mayo Clinic’s Florida campus can now distinguish between two pathways where this deadly cancer can develop. They say their discovery could help future patients. The findings appear in Cancer Cell.