Profile of PPPL recipient of a 2019 DOE Early Career Research Award.
Physicians have long suspected that red blood cell transfusions given to premature infants with anemia may put them in danger of developing necrotizing enterocolitis, a potentially lethal inflammatory disease of the intestines. However, solid evidence for the connection has been difficult to obtain in part because of the lack of a practical animal model able to accurately represent what physically occurs when a baby gets NEC.
As part of a Circular Economy for electric vehicle battery systems, as the number of such vehicles increases rapidly, the need to find the best way to reuse and recycle vehicle batteries becomes just as intense. Now researchers at WMG
The U.S. Department of Energy’s (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory and the University of Delaware (UD) have begun a two-year joint initiative to promote collaborative research in new areas of complementary strength and strategic importance.
In studies in mice, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report they have found that bilirubin, a bile pigment most commonly known for yellowing the skin of people with jaundice, may play an unexpected role in protecting brain cells from damage from oxidative stress.
Mosquitoes can harbor thousands of malaria-causing parasites in their bodies, yet while slurping blood from a victim, they transmit just a tiny fraction of them. In an effort to define precisely the location of the parasite bottleneck, Johns Hopkins Medicine scientists say they have discovered that the parasites are stopped by a roadblock along the escape route in the insect’s spit glands, a barrier that could potentially serve as a novel target for preventing or reducing malarial infection.
Wind energy pricing remains attractive, according to a report released by the U.S. Department of Energy and prepared by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). With prices averaging below 2 cents per kilowatt-hour (kWh) for newly built projects, wind is competitive with other generation sources.
Boehringer Ingelheim and MD Anderson have announced a new multi-year partnership to conduct collaborative research, combining the drug-development capabilities of MD Anderson with the pipeline of novel medicines from Boehringer Ingelheim.
Christine Curcio, PhD, has been selected as the 2019 RPB David F. Weeks Award for Outstanding AMD Research (Weeks Award). The Weeks Award, funded through the generosity of Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB), an anonymous donor, and the Association of University Professors of Ophthalmology (AUPO), annually recognizes and celebrates an excellent researcher focused on age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Wine Communicators of Australia (WCA) and the Adelaide Business School at the University of Adelaide are set to launch a national wine industry mentor program to boost the career trajectory of the next generation of wine communicators. The program will benefit people who will take a leading role promoting Australia’s wine industry in their public relations, marketing and communications careers.
Drones, smartphones and sensors could provide a lifeline to the world’s growing elderly population at risk of falls, helping to cut global hospital costs.
For researchers with The Ohio State University College of Veterinary Medicine, the work to identify new flu strains and increase the effectiveness of the flu vaccine begins in an unlikely place – pig barns at state and county fairs nationwide.
Cybersecurity researchers have discovered vulnerabilities in the backend systems that feed content and advertising to smartphone applications through a network of cloud-based servers that most users probably don’t even know exists.
Disease-causing air pollution remains high in pockets of America – particularly those where many low-income and African-American people live, a disparity highlighted in research presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association in New York.
The Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA), the American Academy of Neurology (AAN), and the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) have extended the public comment period for the draft of their joint guidelines for the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of Lyme disease for an additional 30 days. The deadline to submit comments is now Sept. 9, 2019.
An antibody that blocks the “programmed cell death” pathway may help the immune system fight off sepsis-related fungal infections, according to animal studies reported in SHOCK®: Injury, Inflammation, and Sepsis: Laboratory and Clinical Approaches, Official Journal of the Shock Society. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio by Wolters Kluwer.
“Amid the sobering news contained in the recently released IPCC report titled Climate Change and Land, which focuses on food security, are prescriptions for actions people and institutions can take to mitigate – and adapt to – the threats the world…
Scientists have tested an experimental system that uses a near-infrared laser to actively heat two gold nanorod antennae to different temperatures. The nanorods are electromagnetically and thermally coupled, yet the team measured reversible temperature differences of up to 20 degrees Celsius.
Paul Carrola, Ph.D., an assistant professor in The University of Texas at El Paso’s Department of Educational Psychology and Special Services, comments on the recent El Paso, Texas shooting He is a licensed professional counselor, national certified counselor and certified clinical mental health counselor. He coordinates UTEP’s Mental Health Counseling Program. His research interests include correctional counseling, counselor burnout and secondary trauma, and border related mental health issues.
Changing the standard dose and timing of two therapies greatly cut tumor relapse and reduced side effects in mouse models of kinase mutated breast cancer and lung cancer.
A new study from the UT Southwestern Simmons Comprehensive Cancer Center demonstrates that antiviral drugs for hepatitis C reduce liver-related deaths by nearly 50% in patients with a history of liver cancer.
A Veterans Health Administration program that added mental health specialists, care managers or both in primary care clinics significantly improved access to mental health and primary care services to veterans with behavioral health needs. The practice also resulted in 9% higher average annual costs for each patient.
Green turtles are more likely to swallow plastic that resembles their natural diet of sea grass, new research suggests.
The result of the 2016 US presidential election was, for many, a surprise lesson in social perception bias — peoples’ tendency to assume that others think as we do, and to underestimate the size and influence of a minority party.
Long documented in psychological literature, a panoply of social perception biases play out differently in different contexts. Many psychologists attribute the source of these biases to faulty cognitive processes like “wishful thinking” or “social projection,” but according to a study published August 12 in Nature Human Behaviour, the structure of our social networks might offer a simpler explanation.
A team devised a way to better model water’s properties. They developed a machine-learning workflow that offers accurate and computationally efficient models.
Six diabetes educators were honored at the American Association of Diabetes Educators Annual Conference in Houston for their achievements in diabetes care and their dedication to the organization.
Stem cells hold the key to wound healing, as they develop into specialised cell types throughout the body – including in teeth.
Marine heatwaves are a much bigger threat to coral reefs than previously thought, research revealing a previously unrecognized impact of climate change on coral reefs has shown.
“The key lesson from this report is that humanity must take immediate action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The faster and deeper the emissions cuts, the lower the risk to farms, forests and pastures that nourish the planet,” says Steven…
The Mayo Clinic Board of Trustees elected Amy W. Williams, M.D., as an internal trustee at its quarterly meeting on Friday, Aug. 9.
Das Lungenadenokarzinom ist bekannt für seine schlechte Prognose und laut National Cancer Institute mit etwa 4 von 10 Diagnosen die häufigste Form von Lungenkrebs. Forscher auf dem Mayo Clinic Campus in Florida können nun zwischen zwei Signalwegen unterscheiden, auf denen sich dieser tödliche Krebs entwickeln kann.
Rush University Medical Center has renamed its orthopedic building The Sofija and Jorge O. Galante Orthopedic Building in recognition of Dr. Jorge Galante’s leadership, his revolutionary contributions to his field and the Galante family’s lasting legacy of philanthropy. A dedication ceremony took place on Aug. 9 in the building, which is located at 1611 W. Harrison St. in Chicago.
The number of humpback whale sightings in New York City and northern New Jersey has increased dramatically in recent years, by more than 500 percent, as a result of warmer and cleaner waters, raising the risk of dangerous interactions between the huge marine mammals and humans, according to Rutgers–New Brunswick doctoral student Danielle Brown. Find out what she says boaters can do to keep themselves and whales safer as a migration heads closer to shores this fall.
Women who consume alcohol during pregnancy — even in small amounts — have a 19% greater risk of miscarriage than women who don’t use alcohol, according to a new study by Vanderbilt researchers.
Compared to small and “micro” businesses, larger companies have made more progress toward introducing the Total Worker Health (TWH) approach to worker health and safety, reports the August Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Artificial Intelligence engineers should enlist ideas and expertise from a broad range of social science disciplines, including those embracing qualitative methods, in order to reduce the potential harm of their creations and to better serve society as a whole.
University of South Australia researchers are appealing for greater support mechanisms to help women diagnosed with gestational diabetes return to or maintain a healthy weight post pregnancy.
Manchester City, who won last year’s English Premier League (EPL), has a 36.5 per cent chance of coming top of this year’s season according to the University of Adelaide’s Professor Steve Begg. Southampton and Sheffield United are most likely to be relegated, with six teams fighting to avoid the third relegation place.
Israeli researchers have managed to take control of a Siemens programmable logic controller (PLC), considered to be one of the safest controllers in the world. PLCs are used in a wide spectrum of operations including power stations, water pumps, vehicles, and smart homes.
Une nouvelle étude menée par la Mayo Clinic révèle que l’intelligence artificielle (IA) peut détecter les signes d’un trouble du rythme cardiaque — fibrillation auriculaire (FA) — dans un électrocardiogramme (ECG), même si le rythme cardiaque est normal au moment de l’examen. En d’autres termes, un ECG « dopé » par l’IA peut détecter une fibrillation auriculaire récente survenue sans symptômes ou imminente, ce qui améliore potentiellement les options en matière de traitement.
The multiple sclerosis drug teriflunomide, paired with targeted cancer therapy, markedly shrinks patient-derived glioblastomas grown in mice by reaching stem cells at the tumor’s root, according to a new UC San Diego School of Medicine study published in Science Translational Medicine.
Quantum technologies harness the unusual properties of the atomic and subatomic world, where the rules of classical physics do not apply. Properties like entanglement – what Einstein called “spooky action at a distance” – and superposition – where a single particle can exist in multiple states at once – provide remarkable opportunities to push current communications, cryptography, and computing technologies beyond their current limitations. But, what are the latest innovations in quantum research and where are new discoveries taking us?
Eine neue Forschungsstudie von Mayo Clinic zeigt, dass künstliche Intelligenz (KI) die Zeichen eines unregelmäßigen Herzrhythmus – sprich Vorhofflimmern(AF) – in einem Elektrokardiogramm (EKG) erkennen kann, und zwar selbst dann, wenn sich das Herz zum Zeitpunkt des Tests im normalen Rhythmus befindet. Mit anderen Worten kann das KI-gestützte EKG Vorhofflimmern erkennen, das ohne Symptome aufgetreten ist oder bevorsteht, was die Behandlungsoptionen potenziell verbessert.
New Brunswick, N.J. (Aug. 8, 2019) – Rutgers University–New Brunswick Professor Pamela McElwee is available to comment on the United Nations report released today on Climate Change and Land that she co-authored. McElwee, an associate professor in the Department of Human…
Consecutive low snow years may become six times more common across the Western United States over the latter half of this century, leading to ecological and economic challenges such as expanded fire seasons and poor snow conditions at ski resorts, according to a study.
The “exploding offer,” a job offer with a near-term expiration date, is a technique some hiring managers use to increase the likelihood of acceptance. But does it do what it’s designed to, and under what conditions? New research answers these questions based on game theory and mathematical modeling.
Differences in how our brains respond when we’re anticipating a financial reward are due, in part, to genetic differences, according to research with identical and fraternal twins published in Psychological Science
It is well known that tobacco, alcohol, and cannabis use during pregnancy are associated with poor birth outcomes, yet many women continue to use these substances during pregnancy.
Amid the worsening Ebola outbreak in the Congo, now threatening to spill into Rwanda, a new study suggests that an existing, FDA-approved drug called nitazoxanide could potentially help contain this deadly
It’s a classic question in contemporary politics: Does partisan news media coverage shape people’s ideologies? Or do people decide to consume political media that is already aligned with their beliefs?